(CIDRAP News) – The British biotechnology company Acambis announced yesterday that it has launched the first clinical trial of its vaccine for West Nile virus, called ChimeriVax-West Nile.
The phase 1 trial will involve 60 adult volunteers in Lenexa, Kan., the company said in a news release. The volunteers will receive one of three doses of the West Nile vaccine or a licensed yellow fever vaccine that is being used as a control.
(CIDRAP News) In the face of a possible risk of birth defects, federal health officials are recommending careful evaluation of infants born to women with a history of West Nile virus (WNV) illness during pregnancy.
(CIDRAP News) More than 800 donated blood units went unused because of West Nile virus (WNV) infection in 2003, but enough infected blood escaped detection to cause six WNV cases in blood recipients, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
The six cases in 2003 compare with 23 reported in 2002. The 2002 cases led to the rapid development of nucleic-acid amplification tests (NATs) for WNV in blood.
(CIDRAP News) The National Institutes of Health (NIH) this week announced four grants totaling more than $28 million to develop techniques for electronically simulating natural or terrorist-caused infectious disease outbreaks and responses to them.
(CIDRAP News) Arizona continues to bear most of the current burden of West Nile virus (WNV) infections, with 38 of the 57 human cases reported nationwide, according to figures from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Editor's note: This story was revised Jul 19, 2004, to include additional information about the percentage of West Nile virus infections that result in illness.
(CIDRAP News) Now that West Nile virus (WNV) is in North America to stay, mosquito control is becoming an important task of the public health system, West Nile experts said at a public health convention in St. Paul today.
(CIDRAP News) Rift Valley fever (RVF), a mosquito-borne disease that can kill humans and animals, is starting to grab the attention of American scientists because it could cause devastating outbreaks in the United States.