Avian Flu Scan for Mar 28, 2017

H5N1 case details in Egypt
H5N1, H5N8 outbreaks

WHO adds details about two recent H5N1 cases in Egypt

The World Health Organization (WHO) recently fleshed out the details of two H5N1 avian flu cases, one of them fatal, reported from Egypt in late February. News of the human illnesses were first noted in a pair of notifications to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, which had little information about the cases. The WHO shared more complete information in its monthly update on flu at the human-animal interface.

One of the patients is a 4-year-old boy from Minya governorate who got sick on Feb 2 and was hospitalized on Feb 10, where he was treated for pneumonia and received antiviral drugs. The boy had a history of contact with domestic poultry. He recovered and was discharged from the hospital on Feb 20.

The other case involves a 48-year-old man from Faiyum governorate whose symptoms began on Feb 10 and necessitated hospitalization on Feb 15, where he also received antivirals as part of treatment for pneumonia. The man's condition worsened, and he died on Feb 24. An investigation revealed that the man had contact with sick and dead backyard poultry.

The WHO said the cases lift the global H5N1 total since 2003 to 859 cases, including 453 deaths, in 16 countries. Egypt experienced an unprecedented surge of H5N1 illnesses in the winter of 2014-15.
March WHO flu at the human-animal interface report
Feb 27 CIDRAP News scan "Egypt reports two H5N1 cases, one fatal"


H5N1 strikes Vietnamese poultry; H5N8 detections continue in Europe

As part of a recent small but steady stream of avian flu outbreaks, Vietnam today reported two more highly pathogenic H5N1 events in backyard poultry. Also, two European countries confirmed more H5N8 detections in wild birds.

Vietnam's latest H5N1 outbreaks struck backyard birds in two different provinces, Vinh Long in the south and Ha Tinh in the central part of the country, according to a report from the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). Taken together, the virus sickened 350 and killed 250 of 2,098 susceptible birds. Vietnam is among a handful of Asian countries that is battling H5N6 alongside other strains.

In Europe, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovakia both reported new highly pathogenic H5N8 detections in wild birds, officials said in separate OIE reports. Bosnia and Herzegovina's event involved a mute swan found dead on Mar 21 in the city of Ilidza in the central part of the country. Meanwhile, Slovakian officials said tests were positive for H5N8 on samples from a dead grey hero found dead on Mar 11 near the Vah River near the western city of Zamarovce.
Mar 28 OIE report on H5N1 in Vietnam
Mar 28 OIE report on H5N8 in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Mar 28 OIE report on H5N8 in Slovakia

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