News & Perspective

Oct 01, 2001

Oct 01, 2001

Standard HIV drug used in Africa may spawn resistance to a first-line malaria drug

(CIDRAP News) – Researchers from the University of Maryland School of Medicine have reported laboratory evidence of Plasmodium falciparum cross-resistance between trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, one of the standard treatments for HIV patients in Africa, and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine, the first-line antimalarial drug in parts of Africa.

Oct 18, 2001

Oct 18, 2001

S pneumoniae resistance to macrolides is now common, CDC says

(CIDRAP News) – Macrolide antibiotics, the mainstay of treatment for community-acquired pneumonia, are encountering increasing resistance from Streptococcus pneumoniae, the most common cause of the disease, according to a report in the Oct 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Feb 11, 2002

Feb 11, 2002

Taiwan study shows spread of fluoroquinolone-resistant Salmonella from pigs to humans

(CIDRAP News) – A study from Taiwan shows a rapid increase in fluoroquinolone resistance in Salmonella enterica serotype choleraesuis in humans over the past 2 years and suggests that the resistant strain spread from pigs. The findings prompted the researchers to urge a ban on fluoroquinoline use in food animals.

Feb 25, 2002

Feb 25, 2002

FDA to hold hearing on plan to bar enrofloxacin use in poultry

(CIDRAP News) – Nearly a year and a half after the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) first proposed to stop the use of enrofloxacin (Baytril, a fluoroquinolone antibiotic) in poultry because of safety concerns, the agency says it plans to hold a public hearing on the proposal. The date of the hearing will be set at a prehearing conference on April 8.

Apr 09, 2002

Apr 09, 2002

Drug-resistant Salmonella strain has long tenure in United States

A multidrug-resistant strain of Salmonella that emerged as a common pathogen in the mid-1990s was present in the United States as early as 1985, according to a report from the CDC.

Apr 17, 2002

Apr 17, 2002

FDA ruling on enrofloxacin use in poultry is more than a year away

A ruling by the Food and Drug Administration on whether to stop the use of enrofloxacin in poultry because of concern about antimicrobial resistance is more than a year away, according to a hearing schedule laid out by an FDA official.

Apr 30, 2002

Apr 30, 2002

Researchers: Restrict farm use of antibiotics before, but not after, human bugs become resistant

Study using a new mathematical model suggests that continued farm use of antibiotics has little further effect once a resistant strain is established in humans.

May 03, 2002

May 03, 2002

Drug-resistant Salmonella infections linked with higher mortality

In a Danish study, patients who had infections with a common drug-resistant type of Salmonella enterica were more than twice as likely to die within 2 years as patients infected with drug-susceptible variants of the same strain.

May 10, 2002

May 10, 2002

Expert panel urges halt to nontherapeutic use of antibiotics on farms

(CIDRAP News) – A committee of experts convened by the Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics (APUA) says that antibiotics should not be used in agriculture except to treat sick animals and protect healthy animals threatened by disease in the herd or flock.

May 15, 2002

May 15, 2002

Quinolone resistance growing in common foodborne strain of Salmonella

The most common cause of foodborne Salmonella infections grew increasingly resistant to the quinolone nalidixic acid between 1995 and 2000, according to a study from Denmark.

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