Public Health Practices

West Virginia develops participatory, data-based health risk assessment

The West Virginia Center for Threat Preparedness developed a county health risk assessment toolkit that gave local jurisdictions the resources they needed to involve communities in risk data collection and analysis.

Stockpiling protective equipment allows campus to supply university hospital with masks during H1N1

The University of Michigan began a mask and respirator stockpiling program that allowed it to address supply shortages at the on-campus hospital during the H1N1 pandemic.

New guidelines and on-campus resources lead to provision of alcohol-free hand sanitizer on campus

During the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, the University of Michigan developed practices around providing alcohol-free hand sanitizer in response to flammability concerns and student preferences.

Health Department Mini-Grants to Colleges and Universities

In a time of extensive budget and program cuts, many universities were also hit hard by the financial costs of the H1N1 pandemic. Health departments generally provided H1N1 and seasonal influenza vaccine at no cost to institutions of higher education. However, colleges and universities bore the financial burden of other response efforts, such as communications campaigns, equipment and supplies for vaccine clinics, and costs associated with isolating ill students.

Partnerships introduce students to emergency response

Ohio's University of Toledo recruited students to educate their peers and help run mass vaccination clinics during H1N1.

college student registering online

SurveyMonkey used for campus vaccine registration

Michigan State University used its online course management system to register students for H1N1 vaccine.

H1N1 essential personnel recommendation

Purdue University developed a color-coded plan to determine employee access to campus during an emergency.

Options-based planning allows flexible H1N1 response

The Ohio State University (OSU) developed an "options-based" pandemic plan that allowed staff to coordinate H1N1 response in a flexible and creative manner.

Nursing students provide majority of vaccine given on campus

Pennsylvania State University nursing students acted as vaccinators during H1N1, allowing health services nurses to perform other roles.

Students serve as peer educators

The University of Chicago trained peer health educators to assist with vaccination clinics and provide influenza self-care information across campus.

Quality Improvement Redesign a Tool in Pandemic Planning and Response

The University of Chicago needed to act quickly in late April 2009 when it discovered a Medical Center staff member was diagnosed with H1N1 as cases of the virus were appearing in California and Mexico. Lacking complete knowledge about the scope of the outbreak and the morbidity and mortality rate, Student Care Center (SCC) director Dr.

Malcolm Gladwell theory employed in vaccine distribution

The University of Chicago used a popular theory to place H1N1 influenza vaccination sites in areas with high student traffic.

Students Developed Housing Plan in Response to H1N1

The 2009 H1N1 pandemic flu outbreak forced the University of Chicago to make immediate housing plans after the flu virus was first identified in California and Mexico. So, when H1N1 hit in 2009, two things happened that influenced their response strategy immediately, said Dr. Kristine Bordenave, director of the Student Care Center (SCC): One, the university had one of the first H1N1 infections in the nation, a hospital staff member; and two, the timing of the academic year.

Internal Memoranda of Understanding for Point of Dispensing Sites

Memoranda of Understanding have been developed and signed between internal university departments related to the use of facilities for Point of Dispensing (POD) sites. These departments are: Health Center, Environmental Health & Public Safety Department, Physical Facilities Department, Vice President of Student Services, and Recreation Sports Center.

Mass clinic approach evolved to meet needs

Purdue University in Indiana created facility and floor plans for on-campus vaccination PODs during H1N1.

Memorandum of Understanding for Prophylaxis During Public Health Emergencies

A memorandum has been developed and signed between Purdue University and the Tippecanoe County Health Department that allocates responsibility between the Health Department and the University for activities related to the prophylaxis of students, employees, dependents, and others according to eligibility guidelines as determined by the health department in the event of a public health emergency.

American Red Cross Student Chapter H1N1 Project

During two days at the beginning of the H1N1 outbreak in fall 2009, members of the Purdue Chapter of the American Red Cross, along with other student volunteers, distributed brief informational materials on H1N1 to students while riding CityBus vehicles on routes serving the campus. The students also gave passengers four ounce bottles of waterless hand sanitizer.

Medical Reserve Corps logo

Medical Reserve Corps assists with vaccination clinics

The University of Minnesota created a process for requesting and deploying Medical Reserve Corps members to staff mass vaccination clinics during H1N1.

Health Department Operations Center

Per the National Incident Management System (NIMS), Department Operations Centers (DOC) are established and activated by individual departments to coordinate and control actions specific to that department during an emergency event. A DOC is a physical facility or location similar to the campus Emergency Operations Center (EOC). However, the purpose of a DOC is to manage and coordinate events specific to that department.

Online Scheduling System for Vaccinations

After several walk-in clinics took place at the University of Minnesota, planners identified a need to regulate client flow and reduce wait times. Planners responded by quickly shifting to an online block scheduling system. The system allowed clients to register for a 15-minute block of time to receive a vaccination; within each time block, clients were vaccinated on a first-come, first-served basis. The system worked well.

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