Public Health Practices

Costs to develop and maintain a state biosurveillance system: The New York example

New York developed a case study out of their efforts to build a single surveillance system for clinical and public health laboratories.

Toolkit provides guidelines and resources for sharing influenza-like illness data between health agencies and schools

A local public health agency in Texas worked with schools to develop an absenteeism surveillance system.

Influenza education program increases surveillance capacity among rural, limited-English-speaking agricultural communities

A Minnesota center created a train-the-trainer influenza surveillance program for agricultural workers.

Hospital-based public health epidemiologist program for biosurveillance

North Carolina placed epidemiologists in 10 large healthcare systems to increase surveillance for biological threats.

Public health planning group develops resources to help schools respond to H1N1

A planning group created tools for school nurses to educate children and parents, while monitoring and reporting respiratory illnesses during H1N1.

Elementary and middle schools collaborate with public health to evaluate vaccination and absenteeism

Several groups in Maine worked to measure K-12 school absenteeism following H1N1 vaccination clinics.

Situational awareness dashboard consolidates H1N1 vaccine information

New York developed an online dashboard where healthcare systems could find information about H1N1 vaccine supply and ask questions in a secure environment.

Weekly Reports Provide User-Friendly H1N1 Information to the Public

During Spring 2009, preparedness staff at the New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH) received many questions about H1N1 from the public and media. Advances in knowledge about H1N1 and a deeper understanding of what people wanted to know about the virus contributed to NYSDOH's communication strategies for Fall 2009.

Hospital-Based Epidemiologist Program Aids H1N1 Response

North Carolina's hospital-based Public Health Epidemiologist (PHE) Program significantly aided the state H1N1 response and is credited with improving public health infrastructure and shortening emergency response time.

Expanding immunization registry assists with H1N1 response

Louisiana modified its immunization registry to allow the state health agency and providers to track H1N1 vaccine allocation.

School building and yard in Hawaii

School surveillance and prior vaccination clinics strengthen H1N1 response

Hawaii developed vaccination outreach materials based on ongoing K-12 school surveillance.

Using the Immunization Registry to Track H1N1 Vaccinations

Approximately 30 to 40% of North Carolina providers (private and public) use the North Carolina Immunization Registry to electronically report H1N1 vaccine doses administered. The immunization registry is a secure, web-based clinical tool that serves as the state's key method of collecting information about vaccinations. While the state did not require the use of the Registry for H1N1 doses administered, many providers still chose to enter into the system.

Active surveillance to track school closures

Michigan created protocols for monitoring school closure data via numerous sources during H1N1.

State-specific assessment leads to early expansion of vaccine eligibility

The Oklahoma State Department of Health used epidemiologic data to make vaccine available to elders not included in priority groups.

Tracking H1N1 trends through electronic prescription records

Rhode Island used surveillance of electronic antiviral prescription records to monitor H1N1 spread and potential outbreaks.

Michigan uses 5 focused questions to monitor influenza impact on hospitals statewide

Michigan developed five questions to take a daily surveillance snapshot of H1N1's effects on hospital admissions and ICU care.

Using the NC Laboratory Response Forum and Micronet to communicate and plan H1N1 response

North Carolina adapted a listserv to strengthen laboratories' diagnostic capabilities and make quick changes to policy based on emerging needs.

Pandemic Influenza Planning Guidance for Healthcare Institutions

Philadelphia's Pandemic Influenza Planning Guidance for Healthcare Institutions addresses the needs and situations that may be experienced by hospitals during a pandemic.

School Respiratory Illness Surveillance Project

Tarrant County Public Health and the Southwest Center for Advanced Public Health Practice have developed a Web-based communications portal that attempts to strengthen the relationship between public health and area public schools, especially during an infectious disease outbreak.

City Health Information Avian and Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Primary Care Providers

The City Health Information document was developed by the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene as a primer for primary care physicians. It provides information on several key issues: 1) Screening and isolation protocols for contagious diseases (including H5N1 influenza); 2) Detection and reporting of suspect H5N1 cases; 3) Infection control precautions; 4) Surge capacity planning; and 5) Contingency planning for employee health.

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