Ebola

Recent News

May 25, 2017

News Scan for May 25, 2017

Ebola in DRC
Saudi MERS cases
Yellow fever in Brazil
Zika and fetal outcome
WHO budget OK'd
May 23, 2017

News Scan for May 23, 2017

43 Ebola cases in DRC
Liberia meningococcus outbreak
H7N9 clusters in China
Parents who don't vaccinate
Botulism in nacho cheese
May 22, 2017
WHA Margaret Chan

WHA hears Chan's farewell, prepares to pick new WHO head

Chan said infectious disease challenges over the last decade led to better preparedness, but not nearly enough.

May 22, 2017
Ebola treatment center

WHO: 37 Ebola cases in DRC, 4 deaths

An Ebola treatment center has now been established and is currently treating 5 patients.

May 19, 2017
Ebola treatment center

WHO: 9 more Ebola cases in DRC, 29 total

Though global risk remains low, 7 countries have begun screening at airports and ports of entry.

May 18, 2017
Ebola vaccine

WHO: Ebola vaccine could be deployed within a week

Though the DRC has strong experience with Ebola, the location is very remote and officials don't know the full extent of the outbreak.

May 17, 2017
Ebola temperature monitoring

As DRC Ebola cases grow, expert sees parallels to Guinea

A US expert says events are unfolding in ways reminiscent of Guinea in 2014.

May 16, 2017
Ebola treatment unit worker

WHO notes 19 suspected Ebola cases in the DRC

A WHO spokesman said ring vaccination would be the recommended approach "if pertinent."

May 15, 2017
Ebola gloving up

WHO confirms 2nd Ebola case in DRC; 17 suspected

The likely index patient has died, as has the person who drove him to a healthcare facility.

May 12, 2017
DRC map

Ebola-Zaire confirmed in DRC outbreak that killed 3

Epidemiologists and responders are en route to the DRC to assist, and Doctors without Borders is sending an emergency team.

Resources & Literature

Resources

Jump to Recent Literature

 

Last updated May 29, 2015

Latest Cases and General Information
Ebola virus
Situation update (WHO) (May 29, 2015)
Updated case counts (CDC) (May 29, 2015)
Updated travel notice: Liberia (CDC) (May 4, 2015)
You've survived Ebola: What's next? (CDC) (May 1, 2015)

Ebola survivors: Read this before you have sex (CDC brochure) (Apr 21, 2015)
Pushed to the Limit and Beyond: A Year into the Largest Ever Ebola Outbreak  (MSF) (Mar 23, 2015)
Systems for rapidly detecting and treating persons with Ebola—US (CDC) (Mar 3, 2015)

White House Ebola response fact sheet (Feb 11, 2015)
Preventing Ebola by screening travelers (Feb 5 , 2015)
Cumulative reported cases graph (CDC) (Feb 19, 2015)
Situation roadmap (WHO) (Feb 18, 2015)
Travel health notices (CDC) (Feb 19, 2015)
One year into the Ebola epidemic (WHO) (Jan 2015)
How to talk with your children about Ebola (CDC) (Nov 20, 2014)
Q & A on monitoring and movement (CDC) (Dec 16, 2014)
How Ebola is Spread (CDC) (Nov 1, 2014)
West Africa outbreak page from CDC
Ebola visualizations by Maimuna Majumder, MPH
Virology Down Under Ebola disease page
Virology Down Under Ebola maps
Ebola outbreak map from HealthMap
Q & A about Ebola and pets from CDC (Nov 12, 2014)


Resources for Healthcare Volunteers

CDC: Ebola advice for humanitarian aid organizations (Dec 11)
CDC: Ebola advice for humanitarian aid workers (Dec 11)
NIOSH: The buddy system (Dec 12, 2014)
CDC: Best practices for procuring PPE (Nov 20, 2014)
WHO: Rapid advice guideline on PPE (Oct 2014)
MSF: Protocols for staff returning from Ebola-affected countries (Oct 23, 2014)
USAID: Medical volunteering (Oct 7, 2014)
CDC: Safety training course for healthcare workers in West Africa (Oct 6, 2014)
Travel grants for health workers attending CDC training 
WHO: Safe delivery services for mothers and newborns in Ebola outbreak areas (Nov 26, 2014)
See more below under CDC


Health Agency Documents

World Health Organization (WHO)

Situation update (May 11, 2015)
Ebola Interim Assessment Panel: Report by the Secretariat (May 8, 2015)
One year into the Ebola epidemic (Jan 2015)
Situation roadmap (WHO) (Feb 18, 2015)
Statement from Travel and Transport Task Force (Nov 7, 2014)
Fact sheet
Ebola page
Frequently asked questions (Aug 8, 2014)
Infection prevention and control guidance summary (Aug 2014)
Travel and transport risk assessment (Sep 2014) 
Clinical management of patients (Apr 2014)
Protective measures for medical staff (Oct 3, 2014)
Interim guidance on event management at points of entry (Sep 2014)
Case definition recommendations (Aug 9, 2014)
Ebola and food safety (Aug 24, 2014)
Experimental vaccines (Oct 1, 2014)
Ebola Preparedness Checklist (Oct 30, 2014)
Ebola virus in semen of men recovered from Ebola (Nov 26, 2014)

United Nations

UNMEER: Ebola funding—Liberia (Nov 17, 2014)
UNMEER: Ebola funding—Sierra Leone (Nov 17, 2014)
UNMEER: Ebola funding—Guinea (Nov 17, 2014)
World Food Programme video: Keeping the Ebola crisis from becoming a food crisis (Oct 29, 2014)
UN Mission for Ebola Emergency Response (UNMEER)
UNICEF waste management guidance (Sep 26, 2014)
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN) Ebola page
FAO response summary (Oct 2014) 

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

General resources
What to know about Ebola for Liberians living in the US (Apr 22, 2015)
What to know about Ebola for Guineans living in the US (Apr 22, 2015)
What to know about Ebola for Sierra Leonians living in the US (Apr 22, 2015)
Ebola survivors: Read this before you have sex (CDC brochure) (Apr 21, 2015)
Getting to zero (video) (Apr 6, 2015)
CDC podcast on risk to pets (Mar 19, 2015)
Information for families and loved ones of responders (Mar 13, 2015)
Key messages for safe school operations in countries with outbreaks of Ebola (Feb 25, 2015)
Q & A about Ebola for US businesses, employers, and business travelers (Feb 23, 2015)
Cumulative reported cases graph (CDC) (Feb 19, 2015)
Q & A re transport of pediatric patients with suspected or confirmed Ebola (Feb 2, 2105)
Interim table of state Ebola screening and monitoring policies (Jan 8, 2015)
Latest MMWR update (CDC) (Dec 19, 2014)
Ebola response team fact sheet (Dec 2, 2014)
Why Ebola is not likely to become airborne (Dec 1, 2014)
Ebola page
Questions and answers (Oct 8, 2014)
Case definitions (Sep 4, 2014)
West Africa outbreak page
Democratic Republic of the Congo outbreak page
Summary of human-to-human transmission (Oct 17, 2014)
Information on cleaning and decontamination (Nov 10, 2014)
Communication resources for West African communities (Nov 20)
Ebola fact sheet for West Africans living in the US (Nov 17)
Survivability of Ebola virus in medical waste (Nov 20)

Guidance documents
Interim advice on the sexual transmission of Ebola (May 8, 2015)
Interim guidance for cruise ships: managing a suspected case of Ebola onboard (Apr 8, 2015)
Guidance for US labs for managing and testing clinical specimens when there is concern about Ebola
(Feb 3, 2015)

Interim recommendations for flu vaccination and post-exposure chemoprophylaxis in people being monitored for potential Ebola virus exposure (Jan 26, 2015)
Interim guidance for US businesses, employers, and business travelers to prevent Ebola exposure (Jan 23, 2015)
Guidance for ambulance providers in Ebola-infected countries (Jan 14, 2015)
Ebola must go: bury all dead bodies safely (Dec 23, 2014)
Procedures for safe handling and management of Ebola-associated waste (Dec 12, 2014)
Interim guidance for handling untreated sewage from Ebola patients in the US (Nov 20, 2014)
FAQs on interim guidance for managers and workers handling untreated sewage from suspected or confirmed individuals with Ebola in the US  (Dec 16, 2014)
Interim guidance for EMS and 911 systems (Dec 2, 2014)
Screening and caring for pregnant Ebola patients (Nov 12, 2014)
Interim guidance for residence decontamination and removal of contaminated waste (Nov 3, 2014)
Revised interim guidance for monitoring and movement of people with potential Ebola exposure (Oct 27, 2014)
Monitoring symptoms and controlling movement to stop the spread of Ebola (Oct 27)
Guidance for donning and doffing PPE (Oct 20, 2014)
Interim guidance for limiting heat burden when wearing PPE (Oct 17, 2014)
Interim guidance for specimen collection (Oct 6, 2014)
Interim guidance on compliance with select agent regulations (Sep 8, 2014)
Guidance for safe handling of human remains of Ebola patients (Aug 25, 2014)
Interim guidance for environmental infection control in hospitals (Oct 3, 2014)

Resources for healthcare workers
Preparing healthcare workers to work in Ebola treatment units in Africa: Training toolkit announcement (Feb 19, 2015)
Ebola preparedness: Emergency Department training modules (Feb 17, 2015)
Non-CDC lab resources for Ebola (Jan 30, 2015)
Considerations for US healthcare facilities to ensure adequate supplies of PPE for Ebola preparedness (Dec 31, 2014)
Interim guidance for frontline US healthcare facilities for potential Ebola patients (Dec 2, 2014)
Interim guidance for US hospitals for potential Ebola patients: a tiered approach (Dec 2, 2014)
Best practices for procuring PPE (Nov 20, 2014)
Hand hygiene in non-ETU healthcare settings in West Africa (Nov 13)
Mixing and using chlorine solutions in non-ETU healthcare settings in West Africa (Nov 13)
Respiratory protection video (Nov 10, 2014)
Infection control in countries with widespread Ebola (Nov 3)
Algorithm for ambulatory care evaluation of patients with possible Ebola (Oct 31, 2014) 
Considerations for discharging persons under investigation for Ebola (Oct 30)
Algorithm for emergency department management of patients with suspected Ebola (Oct 27, 2014)
Fact sheet on hospital preparedness (Oct 14, 2014)
Caring for patients under investigation for Ebola (Oct 20, 2014)
Disease information for clinicians (Oct 4, 2014)
Healthcare facility preparedness checklist for EVD
Healthcare provider preparedness checklist for EVD
EMS checklist for Ebola preparedness
Checklist for healthcare coalitions for Ebola preparedness
Information for healthcare workers (Oct 6, 2014)
Health Alert Network (HAN) advisory for healthcare workers (Oct 2, 2014)
Ebola preparedness for US healthcare system (webinar with ASPR) (Sep 29, 2014)
Infection prevention and control recommendations (Oct 6, 2014)
Sequence for removing personal protective equipment
Fact sheet on surge (Sep 16, 2014)

Travel/flight information
Updated travel notice: Liberia (CDC) (May 4, 2015)
Interim guidance for cruise ships: managing a suspected case of Ebola onboard (Apr 8, 2015)
Travel health notices (Feb 19, 2015)
Recommendations about international travel for education purposes and the Ebola outbreak in West Africa (Jan 20, 2015)
Interim guidance for cleaning, disinfection, and waste disposal in commercial passenger aircraft (Dec 18, 2014) 
Information for airlines (Dec 9, 2014)
Information for airports (Dec 4, 2014)
Enhanced airport entry screening and monitoring for people entering US from Mali (Nov 24)
Travel health notices (Nov 16)
Enhanced airport entry screening to begin for travelers to the US from Mali (Nov 16)
Information for Travelers (Nov 3, 2014)
Check and Report Ebola (CARE) kit for travelers arriving in US from West Africa 
Ebola Traveler's Health (Oct 7, 2014)
CDC death and disease reporting tool for pilots (Aug 25, 2014)
Interim guidance for airline crews, cleaning personnel, and cargo personnel (Oct 2, 2014)
Guidance on air medical transport for Ebola patients (Sep 17, 2014)
Guidance for airlines on reporting onboard deaths or illnesses (Aug 25, 2014)
CDC death and disease reporting tool for cabin crew (Aug 25, 2014)

US Government

White House Ebola response fact sheet (Feb 11, 2015)
Preventing the introduction and spread of Ebola in the United States: FAQs (Dec 5, 2014)
FDA Commissioner's statement on agency's involvement with Ebola response (Oct 28)
HHS statement on deployment of US Public Health Service Commissioned Corps (Sep 16, 2014)
NLM Disaster Information Management Research Center resource list (Oct 8, 2014) 

Institute of Medicine (IOM) 

Research priorities to inform public health and medical practice for Ebola virus disease—workshop summary (Nov 14, 2014)
Enabling rapid and sustainable public health research during disasters—workshop summary (Nov 14, 2014)
Video from IOM workshop on research priorities for Ebola (Nov 4)

American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA)

Interim guidance for public health officials on pets of Ebola contacts (Nov 10, 2014)
Interim guidance for dog or cat quarantine after exposure to a human with confirmed Ebola (Nov 10)
Note: The following resources require AVMA membership or site registration:
Checklist for vets when presented with patient or client with possible Ebola exposure
Handout on Ebola for pet owners 

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)

Safe use of PPE in the treatment of infectious diseases with high consequence (Dec 2, 2014)
Guidance for managing persons who have been exposed (Nov 7, 2014, update)
Public health management of healthcare workers returning from affected areas (Nov 7, 2014)
Guide to medical air evacuation (Oct 23, 2014)
Rapid risk assessment (Oct 15, 2014) 
Case definition
Epidemiological update - West Africa (Oct 3, 2014)
Epidemiological update - Democratic Republic of the Congo (Sep 12, 2014)
Risk of Ebola transmission via donated blood and other substances of human origin (Oct 6, 2014)
Entry and exit screening messages (Oct 13, 2014)

United Kingdom agencies

Public Health England (PHE): Clinical management and guidance for healthcare professionals
National Health Service (NHS): Ebola resource page for consumers

Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC)

Case definition (Aug 23, 2014)
Travel health notice - Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone (Sep 8, 2014)
Travel health notice - Senegal (Sep 5, 2014)
Travel health notice - Nigeria (Sep 8, 2014)
Travel health notice - Democratic Republic of the Congo (Aug 28, 2014)
Interim guidance for infection prevention and control (Sep 12, 2014)
Interim biosafety guidelines for laboratory specimen handling (Aug 22, 2014)
Case report form (Aug 24, 2014)

Federal Ministry of Health (Nigeria)

Ebola Virus Information Unit website
Recent press releases

Medecins sans Frontieres (MSF; Doctors Without Borders)

Pushed to the Limit and Beyond: A Year into the Largest Ever Ebola Outbreak (Mar 23, 2015)

Ministry of Health and Sanitation (Sierra Leone)

Case updates
Situation reports
Frequently asked questions

Ministry of Health & Social Welfare (Liberia)

Main page

 

Professional Organizations

American College of Chest Physicians (Nov 5, 2014)

Preparing for Ebola (1-hr video)
Critical care of Persons with Ebola in Sierra Leone and at Emory University ( 1-hr 15-minute video)
Opportunities, Lessons Learned, and Future Action Items (48-minute video)

 

Academic Institutions

IDS (Institute of Development Studies) in conjunction with UK universities: Ebola Response Anthropology Platform
George Washington University: Infographic on ripple effects of Ebola outbreak (Nov 12)
Emory University: Ebola Preparedness Protocols (requires registration)
University of Nebraska Biocontainment Unit: Patient care links

 

Tools/Posters

CDC Flipbook: You've survived Ebola: What's next? (May 1, 2015)
CDC children's activity book: Helping people in West Africa (CDC)(Apr 22, 2015)
CDC brochure: Ebola survivors: Read this before you have sex (Apr 21, 2015)
CDC poster: Liberians in the US: Be a hero (Apr 15, 2015)
CDC poster: Guineans in the US: Be a hero (Apr 15, 2015)
CDC poster: Sierra Leoneans in the US: Be a hero (Apr 15, 2015)
CDC poster: Do not travel when sick (Guinea) (Mar 5, 2015)
CDC poster: Do not travel when sick (Liberia) (Mar 5, 2015)
CDC poster: Do not travel when sick (Sierra Leone) (Mar 5, 2015)
CDC poster: How to safely give oral rehydration solution (Dec 9, 2014)
CDC poster: 21-Day investigation of Ebola patient's direct contacts in Guinea (Dec 4, 2014)
CDC slides and video: What you REALLY need to know about Ebola (Nov 25)
CDC poster: 21-Day investigation of Ebola patient's direct contacts—Sierra Leone (Nov 25)
CDC poster: Top 10 things you really need to know about Ebola (Nov 19, 2014)
MEDBOX: Ebola Toolbox
University of Nebraska: Donning & Doffing PPE


World Bank

Ebola Fact Sheet
Economic impact statement


Resources from Journals

Emerging Infectious Diseases: Using lessons learned from previous Ebola outbreaks to inform current risk management (May 2015)
BioMed Central & Springer Ebola Resource Center (open-access articles) (launched Dec 5, 2014)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
special edition on Ebola
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness: A primer on Ebola for clinicians  (Oct 17, 2014)
Emerging Infectious Diseases
Nature: Ebola by the numbers 
N Engl J Med
The Lancet
Science

PLoS journals
JAMA 


Twitter

CIDRAP (@CIDRAP)
Helen Branswell (@HelenBranswell)
Michael Coston (@Fla_Medic)
ECDC Outbreaks (@ECDC_Outbreaks)
Martin Enserink (@martinenserink)
Jason Gale (@jwgale)
HealthMap.org (@healthmap)
Crawford Kilian (@crof)
Ian M Mackay, PhD (@MackayIM)
Maia Majumder, MPH (@maiamajumder)

Recent Literature

Adongo PB, Tabong PTN, Asampong E, et al. Preparing towards preventing and containing an Ebola virus disease outbreak: what socio-cultural practices may affect containment efforts in Ghana? PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2016;10(7):e0004852

Albarino CG, Guerrero LW, Chakrabarti AK, et al. Virus fitness differences observed between two naturally occurring isolates of Ebola virus Makona variant using a reverse genetics approach. Virology 2016 (published online Jun 29)

Alpren C, Sloan M, Boegler KA, et al. Ebola virus disease cluster northern Sierra Leone, January 2016. (Notes from the field) MMWR 2016 Jul 8;65(26):681-2

Bai CQ, Mu JS, Kargbo D, et al. Clinical and virological characteristics of Ebola virus disease patients treated with favipiravir (T-705), Sierra Leone, 2014. Clin Infect Dis 2016 (published online Aug 23)

Bell BP, Damon IK, Jernigan DB, et al. Overview, control strategies, and lessons learned in the CDC response to the 2014-2016 Ebola epidemic. MMWR 2016 Jul 8;65(3):4-11

Biava M, Caglioti C, Bordi L, et al. Detection of viral RNA in tissues following plasma clearance from Ebola virus infected patient. PLoS Pathog 2017 Jan 5;13(1):e1006065

Bibby K, Fischer RJ, Casson LW, et al. Disinfection of Ebola virus in sterilized municipal wastewater. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Feb 1;11(2):e0005299

Bower H, Glynn JR. A systematic review and meta-analysis of Seroprevalence surveys of ebolavirus infection. Sci Data 2017 (published online Jan 31)

Breakwell L, Gerber AR, Greiner AL, et al. Early identification and prevention of the spread of Ebola in high-risk African countries. MMWR 2016 Jul 8;65(3):21-7

Breman JG, Heymann DL, Lloyd G, et al. Discovery and description of Ebola Zaire virus in 1976 and relevance to the West African epidemic during 2013-2016. J Infect Dis 2016 (published online Jun 29)

Cancedda C, Davis SM, Dierberg KL, et al. Strengthening health systems while responding to a health crisis: lessons learned by a nongovernmental organization during the Ebola virus disease epidemic in Sierra Leone. J Infect Dis 2016 (published online Sep 28)

CDC. CDC's response to the 2014-2016 Ebola epidemic West Africa and United States. (Special supplement) MMWR 2016 Jul 8;65(3)

Chatman House. Sierra Leone's response to the Ebola outbreak: management strategies and key responder experiences. Mar 31, 2017

Colavita F, Biava M, Castilletti C, et al. Measles cases during Ebola outbreak, West Africa, 2013-2016. Emerg Infect Dis 2017 (published online Apr 18)

Cutts T, Grolla A, Jones S, et al. Inactivation of Zaire ebolavirus variant Makona in human serum samples analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. J Infect Dis 2016 (published online Aug 28)

Dahl BA, Kinzer MH, Raghunathan PL, et al. CDC's response to the 2014-2016 Ebola epidemic Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. MMWR 2016 Jul 8;65(3):12-20

Davey RT Jr, Dodd L, Proschan MA, et al. A randomized, controlled trial of ZMapp for Ebola virus infection. N Engl J Med 2016 Oct 13;375(15):1448-56

Davies HD, Byington CL. Parental presence during treatment of Ebola or other highly consequential infection. Pediatrics 2016 (published online Aug 22)

de Greslan T, Billhot M, Rousseau C, et al. Ebola virus related encephalitis. Clin Infect Dis 2016 (published online Jul 14)

de Wit E, Rosenke K, Fischer RJ, et al. Ebola laboratory response at the Eternal Love Winning Africa campus, Monrovia, Liberia, 2014-2015. J Infect Dis 2016 (published online Jun 21)

Delamou A, El Ayadi AM, Sidibe S, et al. Effect of Ebola virus disease on maternal and child health services in Guinea: a retrospective observational cohort study. Lancet Glob Health 2017 (published online Feb 22)

DeVries A, Talley P, Sweet K, et al. Development and implementation of the Ebola traveler monitoring program and clinical outcomes of monitored travelers during October-May 2015, Minnesota. PLoS One 2016 Dec 1;11(12):e0166797

Diallo B, Sissoko D, Loman NJ, et al. Resurgence of Ebola virus disease in Guinea linked to a survivor with virus persistence in seminal fluid for more than 500 days. Clin Infect Dis 2016 (published online Sep 1)

Diehl WE, Lin AE, Grubaugh ND, et al. Ebola virus glycoprotein with increased infectivity dominated the 2013-2016 epidemic. Cell 2016 Nov

Dornemann J, Burzio C, Ronsse A, et al.First newborn baby to receive experimental therapies survives Ebola virus disease. J Infect Dis 2017 (published online Jan 9)

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