Ebola

Recent News

Nov 16, 2018
UN peacekeeping troops

Armed rebels kill UN peacekeepers in Ebola hot spot

The outbreak has now reached 352 cases, of which 305 are confirmed, and 210 deaths.

Nov 15, 2018

News Scan for Nov 15, 2018

More DRC Ebola cases
Promising new flu antiviral
Salmonella and restaurant grades
Nov 14, 2018
Ebola response van

WHO leader says Ebola outbreak could last 6 more months

Two new cases bring the outbreak total to 341, including 215 deaths.

Nov 13, 2018
North Kivu with DRC flag

As outbreak area expands, DRC Ebola total climbs to 339

Three health zones reported their first confirmed Ebola cases recently, a worrisome sign.

Nov 12, 2018
UN peacekeeping troops

DRC Ebola cases climb to 334 amid fresh violence in Beni

At least 5 civilians were killed and children kidnapped in an attack by rebels in Beni.

Nov 09, 2018
Ebola recovery efforts

Ebola outbreak now DRC's largest ever, with 319 cases

"No other epidemic in the world has been as complex as the one we are currently experiencing," the DRC health minister says.

Nov 08, 2018
DR Congo Ebola press conference

As DRC Ebola cases hit 312, officials see some positive signs

WHO and UN officials say the rate of cases has declined a bit recently.

Nov 07, 2018
Ebola healthcare workers

Ebola case count rises as Uganda health workers vaccinated

With 2 new cases, infections in healthcare workers in the DRC have now reached 27.

Nov 06, 2018
Disinfecting Ebola PPE

DRC reports 3 Ebola cases in high-risk village, 2 others

The outbreak total has reached 305, with 189 deaths and 60 suspected cases.

Nov 05, 2018
LaCroix UN

Ebola total reaches 300 as WHO, UN leaders travel to DRC

Two of the latest confirmed cases involve a mother and her 2-week-old baby.

Resources & Literature

Resources

Jump to Recent Literature

 

Last updated May 29, 2015

Latest Cases and General Information
Ebola virus
Situation update (WHO) (May 29, 2015)
Updated case counts (CDC) (May 29, 2015)
Updated travel notice: Liberia (CDC) (May 4, 2015)
You've survived Ebola: What's next? (CDC) (May 1, 2015)

Ebola survivors: Read this before you have sex (CDC brochure) (Apr 21, 2015)
Pushed to the Limit and Beyond: A Year into the Largest Ever Ebola Outbreak  (MSF) (Mar 23, 2015)
Systems for rapidly detecting and treating persons with Ebola—US (CDC) (Mar 3, 2015)

White House Ebola response fact sheet (Feb 11, 2015)
Preventing Ebola by screening travelers (Feb 5 , 2015)
Cumulative reported cases graph (CDC) (Feb 19, 2015)
Situation roadmap (WHO) (Feb 18, 2015)
Travel health notices (CDC) (Feb 19, 2015)
One year into the Ebola epidemic (WHO) (Jan 2015)
How to talk with your children about Ebola (CDC) (Nov 20, 2014)
Q & A on monitoring and movement (CDC) (Dec 16, 2014)
How Ebola is Spread (CDC) (Nov 1, 2014)
West Africa outbreak page from CDC
Ebola visualizations by Maimuna Majumder, MPH
Virology Down Under Ebola disease page
Virology Down Under Ebola maps
Ebola outbreak map from HealthMap
Q & A about Ebola and pets from CDC (Nov 12, 2014)


Resources for Healthcare Volunteers

CDC: Ebola advice for humanitarian aid organizations (Dec 11)
CDC: Ebola advice for humanitarian aid workers (Dec 11)
NIOSH: The buddy system (Dec 12, 2014)
CDC: Best practices for procuring PPE (Nov 20, 2014)
WHO: Rapid advice guideline on PPE (Oct 2014)
MSF: Protocols for staff returning from Ebola-affected countries (Oct 23, 2014)
CDC: Safety training course for healthcare workers in West Africa (Oct 6, 2014)
Travel grants for health workers attending CDC training 
WHO: Safe delivery services for mothers and newborns in Ebola outbreak areas (Nov 26, 2014)
See more below under CDC


Health Agency Documents

World Health Organization (WHO)

Situation update (May 11, 2015)
Ebola Interim Assessment Panel: Report by the Secretariat (May 8, 2015)
One year into the Ebola epidemic (Jan 2015)
Situation roadmap (WHO) (Feb 18, 2015)
Statement from Travel and Transport Task Force (Nov 7, 2014)
Fact sheet
Ebola page
Frequently asked questions (Aug 8, 2014)
Infection prevention and control guidance summary (Aug 2014)
Travel and transport risk assessment (Sep 2014) 
Clinical management of patients (Apr 2014)
Protective measures for medical staff (Oct 3, 2014)
Interim guidance on event management at points of entry (Sep 2014)
Case definition recommendations (Aug 9, 2014)
Ebola and food safety (Aug 24, 2014)
Experimental vaccines (Oct 1, 2014)
Ebola Preparedness Checklist (Oct 30, 2014)
Ebola virus in semen of men recovered from Ebola (Nov 26, 2014)

United Nations

UNMEER: Ebola funding—Liberia (Nov 17, 2014)
UNMEER: Ebola funding—Sierra Leone (Nov 17, 2014)
UNMEER: Ebola funding—Guinea (Nov 17, 2014)
World Food Programme video: Keeping the Ebola crisis from becoming a food crisis (Oct 29, 2014)
UN Mission for Ebola Emergency Response (UNMEER)
UNICEF waste management guidance (Sep 26, 2014)
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN) Ebola page
FAO response summary (Oct 2014) 

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

General resources
What to know about Ebola for Liberians living in the US (Apr 22, 2015)
What to know about Ebola for Guineans living in the US (Apr 22, 2015)
What to know about Ebola for Sierra Leonians living in the US (Apr 22, 2015)
Ebola survivors: Read this before you have sex (CDC brochure) (Apr 21, 2015)
Getting to zero (video) (Apr 6, 2015)
CDC podcast on risk to pets: transcript (Mar 19, 2015)
Information for families and loved ones of responders (Mar 13, 2015)
Key messages for safe school operations in countries with outbreaks of Ebola (Feb 25, 2015)
Q & A about Ebola for US businesses, employers, and business travelers (Feb 23, 2015)
Cumulative reported cases graph (CDC) (Feb 19, 2015)
Q & A re transport of pediatric patients with suspected or confirmed Ebola (Feb 2, 2105)
Interim table of state Ebola screening and monitoring policies (Jan 8, 2015)
Latest MMWR update (CDC) (Dec 19, 2014)
Ebola response team fact sheet (Dec 2, 2014)
Why Ebola is not likely to become airborne (Dec 1, 2014)
Ebola page
Questions and answers (Oct 8, 2014)
Case definitions (Sep 4, 2014)
West Africa outbreak page
Democratic Republic of the Congo outbreak page
Summary of human-to-human transmission (Oct 17, 2014)
Information on cleaning and decontamination (Nov 10, 2014)
Communication resources for West African communities (Nov 20)
Ebola fact sheet for West Africans living in the US (Nov 17)
Survivability of Ebola virus in medical waste (Nov 20)

Guidance documents
Interim advice on the sexual transmission of Ebola (May 8, 2015)
Interim guidance for cruise ships: managing a suspected case of Ebola onboard (Apr 8, 2015)
Guidance for US labs for managing and testing clinical specimens when there is concern about Ebola
(Feb 3, 2015)

Interim recommendations for flu vaccination and post-exposure chemoprophylaxis in people being monitored for potential Ebola virus exposure (Jan 26, 2015)
Interim guidance for US businesses, employers, and business travelers to prevent Ebola exposure (Jan 23, 2015)
Ebola must go: bury all dead bodies safely (Dec 23, 2014)
Procedures for safe handling and management of Ebola-associated waste (Dec 12, 2014)
Interim guidance for handling untreated sewage from Ebola patients in the US (Nov 20, 2014)
FAQs on interim guidance for managers and workers handling untreated sewage from suspected or confirmed individuals with Ebola in the US (Dec 16, 2014)
Interim guidance for EMS and 911 systems (Dec 2, 2014)
Screening and caring for pregnant Ebola patients (Nov 12, 2014)
Interim guidance for residence decontamination and removal of contaminated waste (Nov 3, 2014)
Revised interim guidance for monitoring and movement of people with potential Ebola exposure (Oct 27, 2014)
Monitoring symptoms and controlling movement to stop the spread of Ebola (Oct 27)
Guidance for donning and doffing PPE (Oct 20, 2014)
Interim guidance for limiting heat burden when wearing PPE (Oct 17, 2014)
Interim guidance for specimen collection (Oct 6, 2014)
Interim guidance on compliance with select agent regulations (Sep 8, 2014)
Guidance for safe handling of human remains of Ebola patients (Aug 25, 2014)
Interim guidance for environmental infection control in hospitals (Oct 3, 2014)

Resources for healthcare workers
Preparing healthcare workers to work in Ebola treatment units in Africa: Training toolkit announcement (Feb 19, 2015)
Ebola preparedness: Emergency Department training modules (Feb 17, 2015)
Non-CDC lab resources for Ebola (Jan 30, 2015)
Considerations for US healthcare facilities to ensure adequate supplies of PPE for Ebola preparedness (Dec 31, 2014)
Interim guidance for frontline US healthcare facilities for potential Ebola patients (Dec 2, 2014)
Interim guidance for US hospitals for potential Ebola patients: a tiered approach (Dec 2, 2014)
Best practices for procuring PPE (Nov 20, 2014)
Hand hygiene in non-ETU healthcare settings in West Africa (Nov 13)
Mixing and using chlorine solutions in non-ETU healthcare settings in West Africa (Nov 13)
Respiratory protection video (Nov 10, 2014)
Infection control in countries with widespread Ebola (Nov 3)
Algorithm for ambulatory care evaluation of patients with possible Ebola (Oct 31, 2014) 
Considerations for discharging persons under investigation for Ebola (Oct 30)
Algorithm for emergency department management of patients with suspected Ebola (Oct 27, 2014)
Fact sheet on hospital preparedness (Oct 14, 2014)
Caring for patients under investigation for Ebola (Oct 20, 2014)
Disease information for clinicians (Oct 4, 2014)
Healthcare facility preparedness checklist for EVD
Healthcare provider preparedness checklist for EVD
EMS checklist for Ebola preparedness
Checklist for healthcare coalitions for Ebola preparedness
Information for healthcare workers (Oct 6, 2014)
Health Alert Network (HAN) advisory for healthcare workers (Oct 2, 2014)
Ebola preparedness for US healthcare system (webinar with ASPR) (Sep 29, 2014)
Infection prevention and control recommendations (Oct 6, 2014)
Sequence for removing personal protective equipment
Fact sheet on surge (Sep 16, 2014)

Travel/flight information
Updated travel notice: Liberia (CDC) (May 4, 2015)
Interim guidance for cruise ships: managing a suspected case of Ebola onboard (Apr 8, 2015)
Travel health notices (Feb 19, 2015)
Interim guidance for cleaning, disinfection, and waste disposal in commercial passenger aircraft (Dec 18, 2014) 
Information for airlines (Dec 9, 2014) 
Enhanced airport entry screening and monitoring for people entering US from Mali (Nov 24)
Travel health notices (Nov 16)
Enhanced airport entry screening to begin for travelers to the US from Mali (Nov 16)
Information for Travelers (Nov 3, 2014)
Check and Report Ebola (CARE) kit for travelers arriving in US from West Africa 
Ebola Traveler's Health (Oct 7, 2014)
CDC death and disease reporting tool for pilots (Aug 25, 2014)
Interim guidance for airline crews, cleaning personnel, and cargo personnel (Oct 2, 2014)
Guidance on air medical transport for Ebola patients (Sep 17, 2014)
Guidance for airlines on reporting onboard deaths or illnesses (Aug 25, 2014)
CDC death and disease reporting tool for cabin crew (Aug 25, 2014)

US Government

White House Ebola response fact sheet (Feb 11, 2015)
Preventing the introduction and spread of Ebola in the United States: FAQs (Dec 5, 2014)
FDA Commissioner's statement on agency's involvement with Ebola response (Oct 28)
HHS statement on deployment of US Public Health Service Commissioned Corps (Sep 16, 2014)
NLM Disaster Information Management Research Center resource list (Oct 8, 2014) 

Institute of Medicine (IOM) 

Research priorities to inform public health and medical practice for Ebola virus disease—workshop summary (Nov 14, 2014)
Enabling rapid and sustainable public health research during disasters—workshop summary (Nov 14, 2014)
Video from IOM workshop on research priorities for Ebola (Nov 4)

American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA)

Interim guidance for public health officials on pets of Ebola contacts (Nov 10, 2014)
Interim guidance for dog or cat quarantine after exposure to a human with confirmed Ebola (Nov 10)
Note: The following resources require AVMA membership or site registration:
Checklist for vets when presented with patient or client with possible Ebola exposure
Handout on Ebola for pet owners 

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)

Safe use of PPE in the treatment of infectious diseases with high consequence (Dec 2, 2014)
Guidance for managing persons who have been exposed (Nov 7, 2014, update)
Public health management of healthcare workers returning from affected areas (Nov 7, 2014)
Guide to medical air evacuation (Oct 23, 2014)
Rapid risk assessment (Oct 15, 2014) 
Case definition
Epidemiological update - West Africa (Oct 3, 2014)
Epidemiological update - Democratic Republic of the Congo (Sep 12, 2014)
Risk of Ebola transmission via donated blood and other substances of human origin (Oct 6, 2014)
Entry and exit screening messages (Oct 13, 2014)

United Kingdom agencies

Public Health England (PHE): Clinical management and guidance for healthcare professionals
National Health Service (NHS): Ebola resource page for consumers

Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC)

Case definition (Aug 23, 2014)
Interim guidance for infection prevention and control (Sep 12, 2014)
Interim biosafety guidelines for laboratory specimen handling (Aug 22, 2014)
Case report form (Aug 24, 2014)

Federal Ministry of Health (Nigeria)

Ebola Virus Information Unit website
Recent press releases

Medecins sans Frontieres (MSF; Doctors Without Borders)

Pushed to the Limit and Beyond: A Year into the Largest Ever Ebola Outbreak (Mar 23, 2015)

Ministry of Health and Sanitation (Sierra Leone)

Case updates
Situation reports
Frequently asked questions

Ministry of Health (Liberia)

Main page

 

Professional Organizations

American College of Chest Physicians (Nov 5, 2014)

Preparing for Ebola (1-hr video)
Critical care of Persons with Ebola in Sierra Leone and at Emory University ( 1-hr 15-minute video)
Opportunities, Lessons Learned, and Future Action Items (48-minute video)

 

Academic Institutions

IDS (Institute of Development Studies) in conjunction with UK universities: Ebola Response Anthropology Platform
George Washington University: Infographic on ripple effects of Ebola outbreak (Nov 12)
Emory University: Ebola Preparedness Protocols (requires registration)
University of Nebraska Biocontainment Unit: Patient care links

 

Tools/Posters

CDC Flipbook: You've survived Ebola: What's next? (May 1, 2015)
CDC children's activity book: Helping people in West Africa (CDC)(Apr 22, 2015)
CDC brochure: Ebola survivors: Read this before you have sex (Apr 21, 2015)
CDC poster: Liberians in the US: Be a hero (Apr 15, 2015)
CDC poster: Guineans in the US: Be a hero (Apr 15, 2015)
CDC poster: Sierra Leoneans in the US: Be a hero (Apr 15, 2015)
CDC poster: Do not travel when sick (Guinea) (Mar 5, 2015)
CDC poster: Do not travel when sick (Liberia) (Mar 5, 2015)
CDC poster: How to safely give oral rehydration solution (Dec 9, 2014)
CDC poster: 21-Day investigation of Ebola patient's direct contacts in Guinea (Dec 4, 2014)
CDC slides and video: What you REALLY need to know about Ebola (Nov 25)
CDC poster: 21-Day investigation of Ebola patient's direct contacts—Sierra Leone (Nov 25)
CDC poster: Top 10 things you really need to know about Ebola (Nov 19, 2014)
MEDBOX: Ebola Toolbox
University of Nebraska: Donning & Doffing PPE


World Bank

Ebola Fact Sheet
Economic impact statement


Resources from Journals

Emerging Infectious Diseases: Using lessons learned from previous Ebola outbreaks to inform current risk management (May 2015)
BioMed Central & Springer Ebola Resource Center (open-access articles) (launched Dec 5, 2014)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
special edition on Ebola
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness: A primer on Ebola for clinicians  (Oct 17, 2014)
Emerging Infectious Diseases
Nature: Ebola by the numbers 
N Engl J Med
The Lancet
Science

PLoS journals
JAMA 


Twitter

CIDRAP (@CIDRAP)
Helen Branswell (@HelenBranswell)
Michael Coston (@Fla_Medic)
ECDC Outbreaks (@ECDC_Outbreaks)
Martin Enserink (@martinenserink)
Jason Gale (@jwgale)
HealthMap.org (@healthmap)
Crawford Kilian (@crof)
Ian M Mackay, PhD (@MackayIM)
Maia Majumder, MPH (@maiamajumder)

Recent Literature

Abramowitz SA, Hipgrave DB, Witchard A, et al. Lessons from the West Africa Ebola epidemic: a systematic review of epidemiological and social behavioral science research priorities. J Infect Dis 2018 (published online Jun 23)

Barry A, Ahuka-Mundeke S, Ahmed YA, et al (Ebola Outbreak Epidemiology Team). Outbreak of Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, April-May, 2018: an epidemiological study. Lancet 2018 (published online Jun 29)

Bramble MS, Hoff N, Gilchuk P, et al. Pan-filovirus serum neutralizing antibodies in a subset of Congolese Ebolavirus infection survivors. J Infect Dis 2018 (published online Aug 13)

Brown JF, Dye JM, Tozay S, et al. Anti-Ebola virus antibody levels in convalescent plasma and viral load after plasma infusion in patients with Ebola virus disease. J Infect Dis 2018 (published online Apr 11)

Caleo G, Duncombe J, Jephcott F, et al. The factors affecting household transmission dynamics and community compliance with Ebola control measures: a mixed-methods study in a rural village in Sierra Leone. BMC Public Health 2018 Feb 13;18:248

Carter RJ, Idriss A, Widdowson MA, et al. Implementing a multisite clinical trial in the midst of an Ebola outbreak: lessons learned from the Sierra Leone Trial to Introduce a Vaccine against Ebola. J Infect Dis 2018 May 18;217(suppl 1):S16-23

Carter RJ, Senesi RGB, Dawson P, et al. Participant retention in a randomized clinical trial in an outbreak setting: lessons from the Sierra Leone Trial to Introduce a Vaccine against Ebola (STRIVE). J Infect Dis 2018 May 18;217(suppl 1):S65-74

Casanova LM, Erukunuakpor K, Kraft CS, et al. Assessing viral transfer during doffing of Ebola-level personal protective equipment in a biocontainment unit. Clin Infect Dis 2018 (published online Feb 17)

Claude KM, Underschultz J, Hawkes MT. Ebola virus epidemic in war-torn eastern DR Congo. (Letter) Lancet 2018 (published online Oct 5)

Conteh MA, Goldstein ST, Wurie HR, et al. Clinical surveillance and evaluation of suspected Ebola cases in a vaccine trial during an Ebola epidemic: the Sierra Leone Trial to Introduce a Vaccine against Ebola. J Infect Dis 2018 May 18;217(suppl 1):S33-9

Dalziel BD, Lau MSY, Tiffany A, et al. Unreported cases in the 2014-2016 Ebola epidemic: spatiotemporal variation, and implications for estimating transmission. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Jan 22;12(1):e0006161

De Nys HM, Kingebeni PM, Keita AK, et al. Survey of Ebola viruses in frugivorous and insectivorous bats in Guinea, Cameroon, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2015-2017. Emerg Infect Dis 2018 (published online Oct 11)

Demetria C, Smith I, Tan T, et al. Reemergence of Reston ebolavirus in cynomolgus monkeys, the Philippines, 2015. Emerg Infect Dis 2018 (published online May 22)

Diallo B, Van Gucht S, Musa EO, et al. Ebola virus transmission caused by persistently infected survivors of the 2014-2016 outbreak in West Africa. J Infect Dis 2018 (published online Jun 18)

Dickson SJ, Clay KA, Adam M, et al. Enhanced case management can be delivered for patients with EVD in Africa: experience from a UK military Ebola treatment centre in Sierra Leone. J Infect 2017 (published online Dec 14)

Dokubo EK, Wendland A, Mate SE, et al. Persistence of Ebola virus after the end of widespread transmission in Liberia: an outbreak report. Lancet Infect Dis 2018 (published online Jul 23)

Domi A, Feldmann F, Basu R, et al. A single dose of modified vaccinia Ankara expressing Ebola virus like particles protects nonhuman primates from lethal Ebola virus challenge. Sci Rep 2018 (published online Jan 16)

Eisfeld AJ, Halfmann PJ, Wendler JP, et al. Multi-platform 'omics analysis of human Ebola virus disease. Cell Host Microbe 2017 (published Nov 16)

Feng S, Grepin KA, Chunara R. Tracking health seeking behavior during an Ebola outbreak via mobile phones and SMS. NPJ Digit Med 2018 Oct 2;1(51)

Fitzgerald F, Wing K, Naveed A, et al. Development of a pediatric Ebola predictive score, Sierra Leone. Emerg Infect Dis 2018 (published online Jan 4)

GAO. Ebola recovery: USAID has initiated or completed most projects, but a complete project inventory is still needed for evaluating its efforts. GAO-18-350. Mar 28, 2018

Garibaldi BT, Ruparelia C, Shaw-Saliba K, et al. A novel personal protective equipment coverall was rated higher than standard Ebola virus personal protective equipment in terms of comfort, mobility and perception of safety when tested by health care workers in Liberia and in a United States biocontainment unit. Am J Infect Control 2018 (published online Oct 6)

Gatiso TT, Ordaz-Nemeth I, Grimes T, et al. The impact of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic on agricultural production and livelihoods in Liberia. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Aug 2;12(8):e0006580

Goldstein T, Anthony SJ, Gbakima A, et al. The discovery of Bombali virus adds further support for bats as hosts of Ebolaviruses. Nat Microbiol 2018 (published online Aug 27)

Gray N, Stringer B, Bark G, et al. 'When Ebola enters a home, a family, a community': a qualitative study of population perspectives on Ebola control measures in rural and urban areas of Sierra Leone. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Jun 8;12(6):e0006461

Newsletter Sign-up

Get CIDRAP news and other free newsletters.

Sign up now»

OUR UNDERWRITERS

Unrestricted financial support provided by

Bentson Foundation 3MAccelerate DiagnosticsGilead Become an underwriter»