Influenza, General

Recent News

Jun 29, 2016

Flu Scan for Jun 29, 2016

H5N1 detections include zoo lions
Rising flu in Southern Hemisphere
Jun 14, 2016

Flu Scan for Jun 14, 2016

Southern Hemisphere flu rise
H5N1 outbreak in Lebanon
Jun 03, 2016

Flu Scan for Jun 03, 2016

Flu immunity from previous infection
Low US flu levels
Avian flu in Mexico, Niger
May 31, 2016

Flu Scan for May 31, 2016

H5N6 case in China
H5N1 in Cameroon
H7N9 transmission
Flu bacterial co-infections
May 27, 2016

News Scan for May 27, 2016

Yellow fever in Angola
Curtain closing on US flu season
FDA import risk protocol
May 20, 2016

News Scan for May 20, 2016

Yellow fever in Angola
US flu activity drops
Smallpox vaccine order
Bivalent polio vaccine
May 19, 2016

News Scan for May 19, 2016

MERS spread, control
Severe chikungunya
Hemorrhagic fever outbreaks
Southern Hemisphere flu rise
Tetanus milestone in SE Asia
May 13, 2016
Influenza virus

Swine-origin flu infection reported in Minnesota

The patient was hospitalized with an H1N2v infection but has recovered, the CDC said, adding that 3 more kids have died from flu.

May 12, 2016

News Scan for May 12, 2016

Asymptomatic flu
Two-way avian flu spread
H5N1 in Egypt
Cross-border dengue in Texas
May 06, 2016

Flu Scan for May 06, 2016

US flu decline
Avian flu outbreaks in Taiwan

Resources & Literature

Recent Literature

AAP. Recommendations for prevention and control of influenza in children, 2015-2016. (Policy statement) Pediatrics 2015 (published online Sep 7)

Abente EJ, Anderson TK, Rajao DS, et al. The avian-origin H3N2 canine influenza virus that recently emerged in the United States has limited replication in swine. Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2016 (published online Apr 25)

Barr IG, Vijaykrishna D, Sullivan SG. Differential age susceptibility to influenza B/Victoria lineage viruses in the 2015 Australian influenza season. Euro Surveill 2016 Jan 28;21(4):pii=30118

Belser JA, Maines TR, Creager HM, et al. Oseltamivir inhibits influenza virus replication and transmission following ocular-only aerosol inoculation of ferrets. Virology 2015 Oct;484:305-12

Berthod D, Genton B, Hatz C, et al. Ability of physicians to diagnose influenza and usefulness of a rapid influenza antigen test in febrile returning travelers: a randomized controlled trial. Travel Med Infect Dis 2015 (published online Aug 25)

Blanton L, Kniss K, Smith S, et al. Update: influenza activity United States and worldwide, May 24-September 5, 2015. MMWR 2015 Sep 18;64(36):1011-6

Bonmarin I, Belchior E, Bergounioux J, et al. Intensive care unit surveillance of influenza infection in France: the 2009/10 pandemic and the three subsequent seasons. Euro Surveill 2015 Nov 19;20(46):pii=30066

Broberg E, Melidou A, Prosenc K, et al. Predominance of influenza A(H1N1)PDM09 virus genetic subclade 6B.1 and influenza B/Victoria lineage viruses at the start of the 2015/16 influenza season in Europe. Euro Surveill 2016 Mar 31;21(13):pii=30184

Carias C, Reed C, Kim IK, et al. Net costs due to seasonal influenza vaccination—United States, 2005-2009. PLoS One 2015 (published online Jul 31)

Chaves SS, Perez A, Miller L, et al. Impact of prompt influenza antiviral treatment on extended care needs after influenza hospitalization among community-dwelling older adults. Clin Infect Dis 2015 (published online Sep 2)

Chiapponi C, Faccini S, De Mattia A, et al. Detection of influenza D virus among swine and cattle, Italy. Emerg Infect Dis 2015 (published online Nov 20)

Choi MJ, Torremorell M, Bender JB, et al. Live animal markets in Minnesota: a potential source for emergence of novel influenza A viruses and interspecies transmission. Clin Infect Dis 2015 (published online Jul 29)

Cohen JM, Silva ML, Caini S, et al. Striking similarities in the presentation and duration of illness of influenza A and B in the community: a study based on sentinel surveillance networks in France and Turkey, 2010-2012. PLoS One 2015 Oct 1;10(10):e0139431

Davis GS, Waits K, Nordstrom L, et al. Intermingled Klebsiella pneumonia populations between retail meats and human urinary tract infections. Clin Infect Dis 2015 (published online Jul 22)

Davis RE, Dougherty E, McArthur C, et al. Cold, dry air is associated with influenza and pneumonia morality in Auckland, New Zealand. Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2015 (published online Dec 17)

Davlin SL, Blanton L, Kniss K, et al. Influenza activity —United States, 2015-16 season and composition of the 2016-17 influenza vaccine. MMWR 2016 Jun 10;65(22):567-75

Descalzo MA, Clara W, Guzman G, et al. Estimating the burden of influenza-associated hospitalizations and deaths in Central America. Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2016 (published online Mar 4)

ECDC. Expert opinion on neuraminidase inhibitors for prevention and treatment of influenza. (Preliminary scientific advice) ECDC Feb 17, 2016

Ferguson L, Eckard L, Epperson WB, et al. Influenza D virus infection in Mississippi beef cattle. Virology 2015 (published online Sep 16)

Ferguson L, Olivier AK, Genova S, et al. Pathogenesis of influenza D virus in cattle. J Virol 2016 (published online Mar 30)

Fleming DM, Durnall H, Warburton F, et al. Is the onset of influenza in the community age-related? Epidemiol Infect 2016 (published online Apr 8)

Furuya-Kanamori L, Cox M, Milinovich GJ, et al. Heterogeneous and dynamic prevalence of asymptomatic influenza virus infections. Emerg Infect Dis 2016 (published online May 11)

Hadler JL, Yousey-Hindes K, Perez A, et al. Influenza-related hospitalizations and poverty levels — United States, 2010-2012. MMWR 2016 Feb 12;65(05):101-5

Ip DKM, Lau LLH, Chan KH, et al. The dynamic relationship between clinical symptomatology and viral shedding in naturally acquired seasonal and pandemic influenza virus infections. Clin Infect Dis 2015 (published online Oct 30)

Jones AH, Ampofo W, Akuffo R, et al. Sentinel surveillance for influenza among severe acute respiratory infection and acute febrile illness inpatients at three hospitals in Ghana. Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2016 (published online May 30)

Related Practices

Health Matters - pandemic flu issue

Health Matters is a well-written, 8-page newsletter that provides essential information about pandemic influenza to the public. The articles provide essential and practical information about what to expect during a pandemic, and emphasize personal preparedness, prevention, and home care. The document is an ideal tool for placement on desks or web sites at local health departments or distribution at health fairs, clinics, and public presentations.

PIO avian flu functional exercise

The PIO avian flu functional exercise materials were adapted from a public information exercise designed to test the Ohio state communications plan and practice the formation of a joint information center.

"Protect Iowa Health" communications campaign advocates preparedness for everyone

An interactive Web site describes in English and Spanish ways in which anyone can be a preparedness hero.

Pandemic Influenza Planning Kit for Schools

The Planning Kit for Schools has the potential to increase pandemic influenza awareness, assist schools in maintaining continuity of education, and serve as a resource for the greater community. The kit carefully describes tangible steps that schools can take to plan for a pandemic, and the templates require organizations to identify specific school personnel as part of an incident command structure.

Social Distancing Protocol

The Social Distancing Protocol identifies types of social distancing, assesses the probable economic and social impact of each measure, and provides a guide for phased implementation based on WHO pandemic phase and local surveillance. These materials would be useful for review by state and local health departments, because they reference proposed decision-makers at each level of implementation.

Community Readiness Challenge

The Community Readiness Challenge encourages individuals and families to build a pandemic preparedness kit by providing detailed lists of weekly items to buy and ways to prepare for 26 weeks. The LOCC box portion of the program uses business donations to assemble personal preparedness kits for economically-disadvantaged citizens. This practice is noteworthy, because it addresses a group for which there is little focus on prevention and planning efforts.

Prioritization of public health services for pandemic influenza

A local attempt prioritized public health services and determined pertinent parameters for operation during a pandemic. The description of each prioritized service is accompanied by information on the minimum number of staff required to perform the service, necessary products, and ability of staff to perform the service from home. The document could serve as a beginning template for local agencies that have not begun the difficult discussions around public health continuity.

Medical Coordination Centers

A concept paper provides a process by which a public health department can provide statewide accessibility to select medical information and home medical treatment during an influenza pandemic. Existing Medical Coordination Centers (MCCs) are proposed as regional centers for public health operations, such as phone banks, home visit dispatch, provision of medical advice, security, Medical Reserve Corps operations, antiviral dispensing, and EMS coordination.

Caring for the sick at home when it's the only option

The hour-long DVD provides practical, detailed information on caring for ill persons, including those with influenza, at home. It is aimed at non-medical care providers.

Allocating Influenza Vaccines in Minnesota

A well-written and valuable guide on the ethics of influenza vaccine distribution was the product of a multidisciplinary work group composed of public health professionals, ethicists, healthcare providers, and legal experts. The aim of the work group was to provide ethical guidance for Minnesota's statewide pandemic planning efforts, and the group chose to focus on ethical distribution of vaccine as a scarce resource.

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