Influenza, General

Recent News

Feb 09, 2016
Fever thermometer

Late start to Northern Hemisphere flu season feels strong H1N1 impact

The CDC said it has also received recent reports of severe flu infections linked to 2009 H1N1 in young- and middle-aged adults.

Feb 08, 2016

Flu Scan for Feb 08, 2016

H7N9 cases in China
European flu update
Avian flu indemnity rules
Feb 05, 2016

Flu Scan for Feb 05, 2016

US flu levels inch up
Antivirals for serious flu in pregnancy
Feb 01, 2016

News Scan for Feb 01, 2016

Saudi MERS case
CDC flu advisory
Missing Ebola funds
Jan 29, 2016

Flu Scan for Jan 29, 2016

US flu levels up
Flu B patterns in Australia
Jan 25, 2016

Flu Scan for Jan 25, 2016

US avian flu plan
More H5N1 in Nigeria
Flu still high in Mideast
Jan 22, 2016

Flu Scan for Jan 22, 2016

US flu rise
H5N1 outbreak in China
Jan 15, 2016
Girl with thermometer

US flu levels up a bit, as activity spikes in Middle East

US flu activity increased slightly, with similar rises in other Northern Hemisphere nations.

Jan 08, 2016

News Scan for Jan 08, 2016

New avian flu vaccine
H3N2v case noted as US flu rises
Boosting cholera vaccine supply
Jan 05, 2016

News Scan for Jan 05, 2016

MCR-1 in Canada
Medical countermeasures for kids
Impact of minor flu strains

Resources & Literature

Recent Literature

AAP. Recommendations for prevention and control of influenza in children, 2015-2016. (Policy statement) Pediatrics 2015 (published online Sep 7)

Appiah GD, Blanton L, D'Mello T, et al. Influenza activity — United States, 2014-15 season and composition of the 2015-16 influenza vaccine. MMWR 2015 Jun 5;64(21):583-90

Azziz-Baumgartner E, Garten RJ, Palekar R, et al. Determination of predominance of influenza virus strains in the Americas. Emerg Infect Dis 2015 (published online Jun 10)

Barr IG, Vijaykrishna D, Sullivan SG. Differential age susceptibility to influenza B/Victoria lineage viruses in the 2015 Australian influenza season. Euro Surveill 2016 Jan 28;21(4):pii=30118

Belser JA, Maines TR, Creager HM, et al. Oseltamivir inhibits influenza virus replication and transmission following ocular-only aerosol inoculation of ferrets. Virology 2015 Oct;484:305-12

Berthod D, Genton B, Hatz C, et al. Ability of physicians to diagnose influenza and usefulness of a rapid influenza antigen test in febrile returning travelers: a randomized controlled trial. Travel Med Infect Dis 2015 (published online Aug 25)

Blanton L, Kniss K, Smith S, et al. Update: influenza activity United States and worldwide, May 24-September 5, 2015. MMWR 2015 Sep 18;64(36):1011-6

Bonmarin I, Belchior E, Bergounioux J, et al. Intensive care unit surveillance of influenza infection in France: the 2009/10 pandemic and the three subsequent seasons. Euro Surveill 2015 Nov 19;20(46):pii=30066

Brown CR, McCaw JM, Fairmaid EJ, et al. Factors associated with transmission of influenza-like illness in a cohort of households containing multiple children. Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2015 (published online Jun 9)

Carias C, Reed C, Kim IK, et al. Net costs due to seasonal influenza vaccination—United States, 2005-2009. PLoS One 2015 (published online Jul 31)

Chambers BS,  Parkhouse K, Ross TM, et al. Identification of hemagglutinin residues responsible for H3N2 antigenic drift during the 2014-2015 influenza season. Cell Rep 2015 (published online Jun 25)

Chambers LW, Crowe L, Lam P, et al. A new approach to improving healthcare personnel influenza immunization programs: a randomized controlled trial. PLoS One 2015 (published online Mar 17)

Chaves SS, Perez A, Miller L, et al. Impact of prompt influenza antiviral treatment on extended care needs after influenza hospitalization among community-dwelling older adults. Clin Infect Dis 2015 (published online Sep 2)

Chiapponi C, Faccini S, De Mattia A, et al. Detection of influenza D virus among swine and cattle, Italy. Emerg Infect Dis 2015 (published online Nov 20)

Choi MJ, Torremorell M, Bender JB, et al. Live animal markets in Minnesota: a potential source for emergence of novel influenza A viruses and interspecies transmission. Clin Infect Dis 2015 (published online Jul 29)

Cohen JM, Silva ML, Caini S, et al. Striking similarities in the presentation and duration of illness of influenza A and B in the community: a study based on sentinel surveillance networks in France and Turkey, 2010-2012. PLoS One 2015 Oct 1;10(10):e0139431

Cooper BS, Kotirum S, Kulpeng W, et al. Mortality attributable to seasonal influenza A and B infections in Thailand, 2005-2009: a longitudinal study. Am J Epidemiol 2015 (published online Apr 20)

Davis GS, Waits K, Nordstrom L, et al. Intermingled Klebsiella pneumonia populations between retail meats and human urinary tract infections. Clin Infect Dis 2015 (published online Jul 22)

Davis RE, Dougherty E, McArthur C, et al. Cold, dry air is associated with influenza and pneumonia morality in Auckland, New Zealand. Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2015 (published online Dec 17)

Dawood FS, Jara J, Estripeaut D, et al. What is the added benefit of oropharyngeal swabs compared to nasal swabs alone for respiratory virus detection in hospitalized children aged <10 years? J Infect Dis 2015 (published online May 5)

D’Mello T, Brammer L, Blanton L, et al. Influenza activity — United States, September 28, 2014-February 21, 2015. (Update) MMWR 2015 Mar 6;64(8):206-12

Ehlken B, Anastassopoulou A, Hain J, et al. Cost for physician-diagnosed influenza and influenza-like illnesses on primary care level in Germany — results of a database analysis from May 2010 to April 2012. BMC Public Health 2015 Jun 21;15:578

Ferguson L, Eckard L, Epperson WB, et al. Influenza D virus infection in Mississippi beef cattle. Virology 2015 (published online Sep 16)

Fu Y, Pan L, Sun Q, et al. The clinical and etiological characteristics of influenza-like illness (ILI) in outpatients in Shanghai, China, 2011 to 2013. PLoS One 2015 Mar 30;10(3):e0119513

Havers FP, Flannery B, Clippard JR, et al. Use of influenza antiviral medications among outpatients at high risk for influenza-associated complications during the 2013-14 influenza season. Clin Infect Dis 2015 (published online Feb 25)

Related Practices

Health Matters - pandemic flu issue

Health Matters is a well-written, 8-page newsletter that provides essential information about pandemic influenza to the public. The articles provide essential and practical information about what to expect during a pandemic, and emphasize personal preparedness, prevention, and home care. The document is an ideal tool for placement on desks or web sites at local health departments or distribution at health fairs, clinics, and public presentations.

PIO avian flu functional exercise

The PIO avian flu functional exercise materials were adapted from a public information exercise designed to test the Ohio state communications plan and practice the formation of a joint information center.

"Protect Iowa Health" communications campaign advocates preparedness for everyone

An interactive Web site describes in English and Spanish ways in which anyone can be a preparedness hero.

Pandemic Influenza Planning Kit for Schools

The Planning Kit for Schools has the potential to increase pandemic influenza awareness, assist schools in maintaining continuity of education, and serve as a resource for the greater community. The kit carefully describes tangible steps that schools can take to plan for a pandemic, and the templates require organizations to identify specific school personnel as part of an incident command structure.

Social Distancing Protocol

The Social Distancing Protocol identifies types of social distancing, assesses the probable economic and social impact of each measure, and provides a guide for phased implementation based on WHO pandemic phase and local surveillance. These materials would be useful for review by state and local health departments, because they reference proposed decision-makers at each level of implementation.

Community Readiness Challenge

The Community Readiness Challenge encourages individuals and families to build a pandemic preparedness kit by providing detailed lists of weekly items to buy and ways to prepare for 26 weeks. The LOCC box portion of the program uses business donations to assemble personal preparedness kits for economically-disadvantaged citizens. This practice is noteworthy, because it addresses a group for which there is little focus on prevention and planning efforts.

Prioritization of public health services for pandemic influenza

A local attempt prioritized public health services and determined pertinent parameters for operation during a pandemic. The description of each prioritized service is accompanied by information on the minimum number of staff required to perform the service, necessary products, and ability of staff to perform the service from home. The document could serve as a beginning template for local agencies that have not begun the difficult discussions around public health continuity.

Medical Coordination Centers

A concept paper provides a process by which a public health department can provide statewide accessibility to select medical information and home medical treatment during an influenza pandemic. Existing Medical Coordination Centers (MCCs) are proposed as regional centers for public health operations, such as phone banks, home visit dispatch, provision of medical advice, security, Medical Reserve Corps operations, antiviral dispensing, and EMS coordination.

Caring for the sick at home when it's the only option

The hour-long DVD provides practical, detailed information on caring for ill persons, including those with influenza, at home. It is aimed at non-medical care providers.

Allocating Influenza Vaccines in Minnesota

A well-written and valuable guide on the ethics of influenza vaccine distribution was the product of a multidisciplinary work group composed of public health professionals, ethicists, healthcare providers, and legal experts. The aim of the work group was to provide ethical guidance for Minnesota's statewide pandemic planning efforts, and the group chose to focus on ethical distribution of vaccine as a scarce resource.

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