Influenza, General

Recent News

Apr 22, 2014

Flu Scan for Apr 22, 2014

Global flu update
H7N9 in Taiwan
Apr 18, 2014

News Scan for Apr 18, 2014

Flu uptick in Northeast
Two new H7N9 cases
Wikipedia ILI predictions
Guinea Ebola toll
Apr 15, 2014

Flu Scan for Apr 15, 2014

New H7N9 case in China
Unreported flulike illness
Apr 11, 2014

Flu Scan for Apr 11, 2014

New H7N9 case in China
US flu activity stays level
Flu centers of excellence
Apr 10, 2014

News Scan for Apr 10, 2014

Flu antiviral efficacy
Experimental H7N9 vaccine
Zika in blood donors
Apr 07, 2014

Flu Scan for Apr 07, 2014

Two new H7N9 cases
H5N1 case in Egypt
Low global flu activity
Apr 04, 2014

Flu Scan for Apr 04, 2014

Uptick in flu activity
More H7N9 cases
Mar 28, 2014

News Scan for Mar 28, 2014

More Ebola in Guinea
US, European flu activity
Cat-to-human bovine TB
UK scarlet fever surge
Mar 27, 2014

Flu Scan for Mar 27, 2014

H7N9 case, death in China
Flu vaccine and PICU illness
Markers for flu immunity
Mar 25, 2014

Flu Scan for Mar 25, 2014

H7N9 in China
WHO flu update

Resources & Literature

Recent Literature

Azman AS. Stark JH, Althouse BM, et al. Household transmission of influenza A and B in a school-based study of non-pharmaceutical interventions. Epidemics 2013 (published online Sep 26)

Belderok SM, Rimmelzwaan GF, van den Hoek A, et al. Effect of travel on influenza epidemiology. Emerg Infect Dis 2013 Jun;19(6):925-31

Beran TN, Ramirez-Serrano A, Vanderkooi OG, et al. Reducing children's pain and distress towards flu vaccinations: a novel and effective application of humanoid robotics. Vaccine 2013 Jun 7;31(25):2772-7

Biggerstaff M, Jhung MA, Reed C, et al. Influenza-like illness, the time to seek healthcare, and influenza antiviral receipt during the 2010-11 influenza season — United States. J Infect Dis 2014 (published online Apr 13)

Blaschke AJ, Shapiro DJ, Pavia AT, et al. A national study of the impact of rapid influenza testing on clinical care in the emergency department. J Pediatric Infect Dis Society 2013 (published online Nov 13) 

Bonfiglioli R, Vignoli M, Guglielmi D, et al. Getting vaccinated or not getting vaccinated?: different reasons for getting vaccinated against seasonal or pandemic influenza. BMC Public Health 2013 (published online Dec 21)

Bradley-Stewart A, Jolly L, Adamson W, et al. Cytokine responses in patients with mild or severe influenza A(H1N1)pdm09. J Clin Virol 2013 Sep;58(1):100-7

Brown KA, Daneman N, Arora P, et al. The co-seasonality of pneumonia and influenza with Clostridium difficile infection in the United States, 1993-2008. Am J Epidemiol 2013 Jul 1;178(1):118-25

Bueno M, Calvo C, Mendez-Echevarria A, et al. Oseltamivir treatment for influenza in hospitalized children without underlying diseases. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2013 (published online May 29)

Burnell FJ, Holmes MA, Roiko AH, et al. Little evidence of human infection with equine influenza during the 2007 epizootic, Queensland, Australia. J Clin Virol 2013 (published online Dec 6)

CDC. Influenza activityUnited States and Worldwide, May 19-September 28, 2013. (Update) MMWR 2013 Oct 25;62(42):838-42

CDC. Influenza activity—United States, September 29-December 7, 2013. MMWR 2013 Dec 20;62(50):1032-6

CDC. Update: Influenza activity—United States, September 29, 2013-February 8, 2014. MMWR 2014 Feb 21;61(7):148-54

CDC. Update: Influenza-associated intensive-care unit admissions and deaths—California, September 29, 2013-January 18, 2014. MMWR 2014 Feb 21;61(7):143-7

CDC. Value of pharmacy-based influenza surveillance--Ontario, Canada, 2009. MMWR 2013 May 24;62(20):401-4

Chaves SS, Aragon D, Bennett N, et al. Patients hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed influenza during the 2010-2011 influenza season: exploring disease severity by virus type and subtype. J Infect Dis 2013 (published online Jul 17)

Cocoros NM, Lash TL, DeMaria A, et al. Obesity as a risk factor for severe influenza-like illness. Influenza Other Respi Viruses 2013 (published online Aug 20)

Corzo CA, Culhane M, Juleen K, et al. Active surveillance for influenza A virus among swine, Midwestern United States, 2009-2011. Emerg Infect Dis 2013 Jun;19(6):954-60

Cromer D, van Hoek AJ, Jit M, et al. The burden of influenza in England by age and clinical risk group: a statistical analysis to inform vaccine policy. J Infect 2013 (published online Dec 2)

Dawood FS, Chaves SS, Perez A, et al. Complications and associated bacterial co-infections among children hospitalized with seasonal or pandemic influenza, United States, 2003-2010. J Infect Dis 2013 (published online Aug 28)

Dharan NJ, Sokolow LZ, Cheng PY, et al. Child, household, and caregiver characteristics associated with hospitalization for influenza among children 6-59 months of age: an emerging infections program study. Ped Infect Dis J 2014 (published online Mar 17)

Fowlkes A, Giorgi A, Erdman D, et al. Viruses associated with acute respiratory infections and influenza-like illness among outpatients from the Influenza Incidence Surveillance Project, 2010-2011. J Infect Dis 2013 (published online Dec 12)

Green HK, Ellis J, Galiano M, et al. Critical care surveillance: insights into the impact of the 2010/11 influenza season relative to the 2009/10 pandemic season in England. Euro Surveill 2013 Jun 6;18(23):pii=20499

Grijalva CG, Griffin MR, Edwards KM, et al. The role of influenza and parainfluenza infections in nasopharyngeal pneumococcal acquisition among young children. Clin Infect Dis 2014 (published online Mar 12)

Hayward AC, Fragaszy EB, Bermingham A, et al. Comparative community burden and severity of seasonal and pandemic influenza: results of the Flu Watch cohort study. Lancet Respir Med 2014 (published online Mar 17)

Related Practices

Health Matters - pandemic flu issue

Health Matters is a well-written, 8-page newsletter that provides essential information about pandemic influenza to the public. The articles provide essential and practical information about what to expect during a pandemic, and emphasize personal preparedness, prevention, and home care. The document is an ideal tool for placement on desks or web sites at local health departments or distribution at health fairs, clinics, and public presentations.

PIO avian flu functional exercise

The PIO avian flu functional exercise materials were adapted from a public information exercise designed to test the Ohio state communications plan and practice the formation of a joint information center.

"Protect Iowa Health" communications campaign advocates preparedness for everyone

An interactive Web site describes in English and Spanish ways in which anyone can be a preparedness hero.

Pandemic Influenza Planning Kit for Schools

The Planning Kit for Schools has the potential to increase pandemic influenza awareness, assist schools in maintaining continuity of education, and serve as a resource for the greater community. The kit carefully describes tangible steps that schools can take to plan for a pandemic, and the templates require organizations to identify specific school personnel as part of an incident command structure.

Social Distancing Protocol

The Social Distancing Protocol identifies types of social distancing, assesses the probable economic and social impact of each measure, and provides a guide for phased implementation based on WHO pandemic phase and local surveillance. These materials would be useful for review by state and local health departments, because they reference proposed decision-makers at each level of implementation.

Community Readiness Challenge

The Community Readiness Challenge encourages individuals and families to build a pandemic preparedness kit by providing detailed lists of weekly items to buy and ways to prepare for 26 weeks. The LOCC box portion of the program uses business donations to assemble personal preparedness kits for economically-disadvantaged citizens. This practice is noteworthy, because it addresses a group for which there is little focus on prevention and planning efforts.

Prioritization of public health services for pandemic influenza

A local attempt prioritized public health services and determined pertinent parameters for operation during a pandemic. The description of each prioritized service is accompanied by information on the minimum number of staff required to perform the service, necessary products, and ability of staff to perform the service from home. The document could serve as a beginning template for local agencies that have not begun the difficult discussions around public health continuity.

Medical Coordination Centers

A concept paper provides a process by which a public health department can provide statewide accessibility to select medical information and home medical treatment during an influenza pandemic. Existing Medical Coordination Centers (MCCs) are proposed as regional centers for public health operations, such as phone banks, home visit dispatch, provision of medical advice, security, Medical Reserve Corps operations, antiviral dispensing, and EMS coordination.

Caring for the sick at home when it's the only option

The hour-long DVD provides practical, detailed information on caring for ill persons, including those with influenza, at home. It is aimed at non-medical care providers.

Allocating Influenza Vaccines in Minnesota

A well-written and valuable guide on the ethics of influenza vaccine distribution was the product of a multidisciplinary work group composed of public health professionals, ethicists, healthcare providers, and legal experts. The aim of the work group was to provide ethical guidance for Minnesota's statewide pandemic planning efforts, and the group chose to focus on ethical distribution of vaccine as a scarce resource.

Newsletter Sign-up

Get news & practices.

Sign up now»


Unrestricted financial support provided by

Bentson Foundation 3M United Health Foundation Gilead Become an underwriter»