Influenza, General

Recent News

Mar 27, 2015

Flu Scan for Mar 27, 2015

More H5N2 in Minnesota
Intercontinental H5N8 viruses
US flu season persists
Mar 24, 2015

News Scan for Mar 24, 2015

Saudi MERS cases
Adjuvanted anthrax vaccine
TB drug availability
Global flu situation
Mar 20, 2015

As flu continues to ebb, CDC probes reports of rashes

In another wrinkle to the long flu season, experts are looking into reports of morbilliform rash.

Mar 13, 2015

Flu Scan for Mar 13, 2015

US flu still holding on
H5N1 death in China
Mar 11, 2015

Flu Scan for Mar 11, 2015

H7N9 evolution and threat to humans
H1N1 flu strains in India
WHO confirms H5N1 cases in Egypt
Mar 10, 2015

Flu Scan for Mar 10, 2015

More queries on flu vaccine mismatch
Global flu activity
Mar 06, 2015

News Scan for Mar 06, 2015

US flu activity ebbs
New H7N9 case in China
Mar 05, 2015

Flu Scan for Mar 05, 2015

New estimate of flu deaths
GBS and flu hospitalization
Mar 03, 2015

Flu Scan for Mar 03, 2015

Flu vaccine performance
HCWs, flu, and fever
H7N9 in China
H5N1 in Nigeria
Feb 27, 2015

Flu Scan for Feb 27, 2015

Flu's long, slow fade
More H7N9 in Guangdong
CDC on H5 threat to humans
H5N1 serology study

Resources & Literature

Recent Literature

Ang LW, Lim C, Lee VJM, et al. Influenza-associated hospitalizations, Singapore, 2004-2008 and 2010-2012. Emerg Infect Dis 2014 (published online Aug 29)

Aquino TL, Brice GT, Hayes S, et al. Influenza outbreak in a vaccinated population — USS Ardent, February 2014. MMWR 2014 Oct 24;63(42):947-9

Belser JA, Gustin KM, Katz JM, et al. Influenza virus infectivity and virulence following ocular-only aerosol inoculation of ferrets. J Virol 2014 (published online Jun 11)

Biggerstaff M, Jhung MA, Reed C, et al. Influenza-like illness, the time to seek healthcare, and influenza antiviral receipt during the 2010-11 influenza season — United States. J Infect Dis 2014 (published online Apr 13)

Broberg E, Snacken R, Adlhoch C, et al. Start of the 2014/15 influenza season in Europe: drifted influenza A(H3N2) viruses circulate as dominant subtype. Euro Surveill 2015 Jan 29;20(4):pii=21023

Brottet E, Vandroux D, Gauzere BA, et al. Influenza season in Reunion dominated by influenza B virus circulation associated with numerous cases of severe disease, France, 2014. Euro Surveill 2014 Oct 2;19(39):pii=20916

Burton C, Vaudry W, Moore D, et al. Burden of seasonal influenza in children with neurodevelopmental conditions. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2014 Jul;33(7):710-4

CDC. Influenza activity — United States, 2013-14 season and composition of the 2014-15 influenza vaccines. MMWR 2014 Jun 6; 63(22);483-90

CDC. Update: influenza activity — United States and worldwide, May 18-September 20, 2014. MMWR 2014 Oct 3;63(39):861-4

Chambers LW, Crowe L, Lam P, et al. A new approach to improving healthcare personnel influenza immunization programs: a randomized controlled trial. PLoS One 2015 (published online Mar 17)

Chaves SS, Perez A, Farley MM, et al. The burden of influenza hospitalizations in infants from 2003 to 2012, United States. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2014 Sep;33(9):912-9

Cheung DH, Tsang TK, Fang VJ, et al. Association of oseltamivir treatment with virus shedding, illness, and household transmission of influenza viruses. J Infect Dis 2015 (published online Feb 2)

Chiu SS, Lo JY, Chan KH, et al. Population-based hospitalization burden of influenza A virus subtypes and antigenic drift variants in children in Hong Kong (2004-2011). PLoS One 2014 Apr 30

Chowell G, Towers S, Viboud C, et al. Rates of influenza-like illness and winter school breaks, Chile, 2004-2010. Emerg Infect Dis 2014 (published online May 27)

Cohen AL, Hellferscee O, Pretorius M, et al. Epidemiology of influenza virus types and subtypes in South Africa, 2009-2012. Emerg Infect Dis 2014 (published online Jun 17)

Coleman BL, Fadel SA, Drews SJ, et al. Zanamivir versus trivalent split virus influenza vaccine: a pilot randomized trial. Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2015 (published online Jan 4)

de Jong MD, Ison MG, Monto AS, et al. Evaluation of intravenous peramivir for treatment of influenza in hospitalized patients. Clin Infect Dis 2014 (published online Aug 12)

Dobson J, Whitley RJ, Pocock S, et al. Oseltamivir treatment for influenza in adults: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Lancet 2015 (published online Jan 29)

Ducatez MF, Pelletier C, Meyer G. Influenza D virus in cattle, France, 2011-2014. Emerg Infect Dis 2015 (published online Jan 6)

Dunning J, Baillie JK, Cao B, et al. Antiviral combinations for severe influenza. Lancet Infect Dis 2014 (published online Sep 9)

D’Mello T, Brammer L, Blanton L, et al. Influenza activity — United States, September 28, 2014-February 21, 2015. (Update) MMWR 2015 Mar 6;64(8):206-12

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Risk assessment guidelines for infectious diseases transmitted on aircraft (RAGIDA): Influenza. Stockholm, Sweden: ECDC, 2014

Gill PJ, Ashdown HF, Wang K, et al. Identification of children at risk of influenza-related complications in primary and ambulatory care: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Respir Med 2014 (published online Dec 4)

Gomez-Gomez A, Magana-Aquino M, Bernal-Silva S, et al. Risk factors for severe influenza A pneumonia in adult cohort, Mexico, 2013-14. Emerg Infect Dis 2014 (published online Jun 16)

Groom AV, Hennessy TW, Singleton RJ, et al. Pneumonia and influenza mortality among American Indian and Alaska Native people, 1990-2009. Am J Public Health 2014 Jun;104(S3):S460-9

Related Practices

Health Matters - pandemic flu issue

Health Matters is a well-written, 8-page newsletter that provides essential information about pandemic influenza to the public. The articles provide essential and practical information about what to expect during a pandemic, and emphasize personal preparedness, prevention, and home care. The document is an ideal tool for placement on desks or web sites at local health departments or distribution at health fairs, clinics, and public presentations.

PIO avian flu functional exercise

The PIO avian flu functional exercise materials were adapted from a public information exercise designed to test the Ohio state communications plan and practice the formation of a joint information center.

"Protect Iowa Health" communications campaign advocates preparedness for everyone

An interactive Web site describes in English and Spanish ways in which anyone can be a preparedness hero.

Pandemic Influenza Planning Kit for Schools

The Planning Kit for Schools has the potential to increase pandemic influenza awareness, assist schools in maintaining continuity of education, and serve as a resource for the greater community. The kit carefully describes tangible steps that schools can take to plan for a pandemic, and the templates require organizations to identify specific school personnel as part of an incident command structure.

Social Distancing Protocol

The Social Distancing Protocol identifies types of social distancing, assesses the probable economic and social impact of each measure, and provides a guide for phased implementation based on WHO pandemic phase and local surveillance. These materials would be useful for review by state and local health departments, because they reference proposed decision-makers at each level of implementation.

Community Readiness Challenge

The Community Readiness Challenge encourages individuals and families to build a pandemic preparedness kit by providing detailed lists of weekly items to buy and ways to prepare for 26 weeks. The LOCC box portion of the program uses business donations to assemble personal preparedness kits for economically-disadvantaged citizens. This practice is noteworthy, because it addresses a group for which there is little focus on prevention and planning efforts.

Prioritization of public health services for pandemic influenza

A local attempt prioritized public health services and determined pertinent parameters for operation during a pandemic. The description of each prioritized service is accompanied by information on the minimum number of staff required to perform the service, necessary products, and ability of staff to perform the service from home. The document could serve as a beginning template for local agencies that have not begun the difficult discussions around public health continuity.

Medical Coordination Centers

A concept paper provides a process by which a public health department can provide statewide accessibility to select medical information and home medical treatment during an influenza pandemic. Existing Medical Coordination Centers (MCCs) are proposed as regional centers for public health operations, such as phone banks, home visit dispatch, provision of medical advice, security, Medical Reserve Corps operations, antiviral dispensing, and EMS coordination.

Caring for the sick at home when it's the only option

The hour-long DVD provides practical, detailed information on caring for ill persons, including those with influenza, at home. It is aimed at non-medical care providers.

Allocating Influenza Vaccines in Minnesota

A well-written and valuable guide on the ethics of influenza vaccine distribution was the product of a multidisciplinary work group composed of public health professionals, ethicists, healthcare providers, and legal experts. The aim of the work group was to provide ethical guidance for Minnesota's statewide pandemic planning efforts, and the group chose to focus on ethical distribution of vaccine as a scarce resource.

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