Influenza, General

Recent News

Nov 25, 2015

Flu Scan for Nov 25, 2015

Adjuvanted flu vaccine
UK flu deaths last season
H5N1 in France, Vietnam
Nov 20, 2015

Flu Scan for Nov 20, 2015

Rise in US flu activity
H5N1 in Nigerian poultry
Nov 17, 2015

Flu Scan for Nov 17, 2015

Avian flu in Nigeria, South Korea
Global flu at low levels
Nov 13, 2015

News Scan for Nov 13, 2015

Global measles
US flu stays low
Flu vs other respiratory diseases
Fecal transplant for C diff
Nov 12, 2015

Flu Scan for Nov 12, 2015

Flu vaccine and H3N2 severity
Avian flu all-clear in Iowa
Nov 06, 2015
Flu shot

US flu levels still low, with few global hot spots

More states are reporting their first cases and even deaths, but at the national level, flu levels remained low last week. 

Nov 02, 2015

Flu Scan for Nov 02, 2015

Flu A and B shedding patterns
Aussie flu vaccine effectiveness
Oct 23, 2015

News Scan for Oct 23, 2015

Ancient bubonic plague
US flu still low
Soft-cheese Listeria kills 3
Cholera outbreaks
Polio in Afghanistan
Oct 21, 2015

Flu Scan for Oct 21, 2015

Risk for severe respiratory infection
Neuraminidase inhibitor effectiveness
Oct 20, 2015

Flu Scan for Oct 20, 2015

Southern Hemisphere flu ebb
H5N1 on Nigerian farms

Resources & Literature

Recent Literature

AAP. Recommendations for prevention and control of influenza in children, 2015-2016. (Policy statement) Pediatrics 2015 (published online Sep 7)

Appiah GD, Blanton L, D'Mello T, et al. Influenza activity — United States, 2014-15 season and composition of the 2015-16 influenza vaccine. MMWR 2015 Jun 5;64(21):583-90

Azziz-Baumgartner E, Garten RJ, Palekar R, et al. Determination of predominance of influenza virus strains in the Americas. Emerg Infect Dis 2015 (published online Jun 10)

Belser JA, Maines TR, Creager HM, et al. Oseltamivir inhibits influenza virus replication and transmission following ocular-only aerosol inoculation of ferrets. Virology 2015 Oct;484:305-12

Berthod D, Genton B, Hatz C, et al. Ability of physicians to diagnose influenza and usefulness of a rapid influenza antigen test in febrile returning travelers: a randomized controlled trial. Travel Med Infect Dis 2015 (published online Aug 25)

Blanton L, Kniss K, Smith S, et al. Update: influenza activity United States and worldwide, May 24-September 5, 2015. MMWR 2015 Sep 18;64(36):1011-6

Bonmarin I, Belchior E, Bergounioux J, et al. Intensive care unit surveillance of influenza infection in France: the 2009/10 pandemic and the three subsequent seasons. Euro Surveill 2015 Nov 19;20(46):pii=30066

Broberg E, Snacken R, Adlhoch C, et al. Start of the 2014/15 influenza season in Europe: drifted influenza A(H3N2) viruses circulate as dominant subtype. Euro Surveill 2015 Jan 29;20(4):pii=21023

Brown CR, McCaw JM, Fairmaid EJ, et al. Factors associated with transmission of influenza-like illness in a cohort of households containing multiple children. Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2015 (published online Jun 9)

Carias C, Reed C, Kim IK, et al. Net costs due to seasonal influenza vaccination—United States, 2005-2009. PLoS One 2015 (published online Jul 31)

Chambers BS,  Parkhouse K, Ross TM, et al. Identification of hemagglutinin residues responsible for H3N2 antigenic drift during the 2014-2015 influenza season. Cell Rep 2015 (published online Jun 25)

Chambers LW, Crowe L, Lam P, et al. A new approach to improving healthcare personnel influenza immunization programs: a randomized controlled trial. PLoS One 2015 (published online Mar 17)

Chaves SS, Perez A, Miller L, et al. Impact of prompt influenza antiviral treatment on extended care needs after influenza hospitalization among community-dwelling older adults. Clin Infect Dis 2015 (published online Sep 2)

Cheung DH, Tsang TK, Fang VJ, et al. Association of oseltamivir treatment with virus shedding, illness, and household transmission of influenza viruses. J Infect Dis 2015 (published online Feb 2)

Chiapponi C, Faccini S, De Mattia A, et al. Detection of influenza D virus among swine and cattle, Italy. Emerg Infect Dis 2015 (published online Nov 20)

Choi MJ, Torremorell M, Bender JB, et al. Live animal markets in Minnesota: a potential source for emergence of novel influenza A viruses and interspecies transmission. Clin Infect Dis 2015 (published online Jul 29)

Cohen JM, Silva ML, Caini S, et al. Striking similarities in the presentation and duration of illness of influenza A and B in the community: a study based on sentinel surveillance networks in France and Turkey, 2010-2012. PLoS One 2015 Oct 1;10(10):e0139431

Coleman BL, Fadel SA, Drews SJ, et al. Zanamivir versus trivalent split virus influenza vaccine: a pilot randomized trial. Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2015 (published online Jan 4)

Cooper BS, Kotirum S, Kulpeng W, et al. Mortality attributable to seasonal influenza A and B infections in Thailand, 2005-2009: a longitudinal study. Am J Epidemiol 2015 (published online Apr 20)

Davis GS, Waits K, Nordstrom L, et al. Intermingled Klebsiella pneumonia populations between retail meats and human urinary tract infections. Clin Infect Dis 2015 (published online Jul 22)

Dawood FS, Jara J, Estripeaut D, et al. What is the added benefit of oropharyngeal swabs compared to nasal swabs alone for respiratory virus detection in hospitalized children aged <10 years? J Infect Dis 2015 (published online May 5)

Dobson J, Whitley RJ, Pocock S, et al. Oseltamivir treatment for influenza in adults: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Lancet 2015 (published online Jan 29)

Ducatez MF, Pelletier C, Meyer G. Influenza D virus in cattle, France, 2011-2014. Emerg Infect Dis 2015 (published online Jan 6)

D’Mello T, Brammer L, Blanton L, et al. Influenza activity — United States, September 28, 2014-February 21, 2015. (Update) MMWR 2015 Mar 6;64(8):206-12

Ehlken B, Anastassopoulou A, Hain J, et al. Cost for physician-diagnosed influenza and influenza-like illnesses on primary care level in Germany — results of a database analysis from May 2010 to April 2012. BMC Public Health 2015 Jun 21;15:578

Related Practices

Health Matters - pandemic flu issue

Health Matters is a well-written, 8-page newsletter that provides essential information about pandemic influenza to the public. The articles provide essential and practical information about what to expect during a pandemic, and emphasize personal preparedness, prevention, and home care. The document is an ideal tool for placement on desks or web sites at local health departments or distribution at health fairs, clinics, and public presentations.

PIO avian flu functional exercise

The PIO avian flu functional exercise materials were adapted from a public information exercise designed to test the Ohio state communications plan and practice the formation of a joint information center.

"Protect Iowa Health" communications campaign advocates preparedness for everyone

An interactive Web site describes in English and Spanish ways in which anyone can be a preparedness hero.

Pandemic Influenza Planning Kit for Schools

The Planning Kit for Schools has the potential to increase pandemic influenza awareness, assist schools in maintaining continuity of education, and serve as a resource for the greater community. The kit carefully describes tangible steps that schools can take to plan for a pandemic, and the templates require organizations to identify specific school personnel as part of an incident command structure.

Social Distancing Protocol

The Social Distancing Protocol identifies types of social distancing, assesses the probable economic and social impact of each measure, and provides a guide for phased implementation based on WHO pandemic phase and local surveillance. These materials would be useful for review by state and local health departments, because they reference proposed decision-makers at each level of implementation.

Community Readiness Challenge

The Community Readiness Challenge encourages individuals and families to build a pandemic preparedness kit by providing detailed lists of weekly items to buy and ways to prepare for 26 weeks. The LOCC box portion of the program uses business donations to assemble personal preparedness kits for economically-disadvantaged citizens. This practice is noteworthy, because it addresses a group for which there is little focus on prevention and planning efforts.

Prioritization of public health services for pandemic influenza

A local attempt prioritized public health services and determined pertinent parameters for operation during a pandemic. The description of each prioritized service is accompanied by information on the minimum number of staff required to perform the service, necessary products, and ability of staff to perform the service from home. The document could serve as a beginning template for local agencies that have not begun the difficult discussions around public health continuity.

Medical Coordination Centers

A concept paper provides a process by which a public health department can provide statewide accessibility to select medical information and home medical treatment during an influenza pandemic. Existing Medical Coordination Centers (MCCs) are proposed as regional centers for public health operations, such as phone banks, home visit dispatch, provision of medical advice, security, Medical Reserve Corps operations, antiviral dispensing, and EMS coordination.

Caring for the sick at home when it's the only option

The hour-long DVD provides practical, detailed information on caring for ill persons, including those with influenza, at home. It is aimed at non-medical care providers.

Allocating Influenza Vaccines in Minnesota

A well-written and valuable guide on the ethics of influenza vaccine distribution was the product of a multidisciplinary work group composed of public health professionals, ethicists, healthcare providers, and legal experts. The aim of the work group was to provide ethical guidance for Minnesota's statewide pandemic planning efforts, and the group chose to focus on ethical distribution of vaccine as a scarce resource.

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