Influenza, General

Recent News

Dec 19, 2014

US flu activity rises ahead of holiday season

Almost 70% of H3N2 strains are mismatched with the vaccine, and 4 more kids have died.

Dec 17, 2014

Biosecurity Scan for Dec 17, 2014

Next steps on GOF policy
More misplaced microbes found
Dec 15, 2014

Flu Scan for Dec 15, 2014

H5N2 hits 2 more farms in BC
H5 in Vietnam birds
Quadrivalent flu vaccine approved
Dec 12, 2014

Flu Scan for Dec 12, 2014

US flu activity picks up
Flu attack rates
H5N1 cases in Egypt
Dec 05, 2014

CDC's flu warning raises questions about vaccine match

An H3N2 mismatch may portend a tough season and raises vaccine questions.

Dec 05, 2014

Flu Scan for Dec 05, 2014

US flu activity up slightly
H5N1 in India, H5N8 in Japan
Dec 04, 2014

Flu Scan for Dec 04, 2014

Flu risks in kids
H7N9 case in China
Dec 02, 2014

News Scan for Dec 02, 2014

New MERS case
Novartis flu vaccine found safe
Global flu activity
Dec 01, 2014

News Scan for Dec 01, 2014

More H5N1 cases in Egypt
H7N9 cases in China
More Dutch H5N8
H5N1 confirmed in India
US flu activity up slightly
Nov 25, 2014

News Scan for Nov 25, 2014

Questions on GOF pause
Cholera in Haiti
Pneumococcal vaccine in kids

Resources & Literature

Recent Literature

Ang LW, Lim C, Lee VJM, et al. Influenza-associated hospitalizations, Singapore, 2004-2008 and 2010-2012. Emerg Infect Dis 2014 (published online Aug 29)

Aquino TL, Brice GT, Hayes S, et al. Influenza outbreak in a vaccinated population — USS Ardent, February 2014. MMWR 2014 Oct 24;63(42):947-9

Belser JA, Gustin KM, Katz JM, et al. Influenza virus infectivity and virulence following ocular-only aerosol inoculation of ferrets. J Virol 2014 (published online Jun 11)

Biggerstaff M, Jhung MA, Reed C, et al. Influenza-like illness, the time to seek healthcare, and influenza antiviral receipt during the 2010-11 influenza season — United States. J Infect Dis 2014 (published online Apr 13)

Bonfiglioli R, Vignoli M, Guglielmi D, et al. Getting vaccinated or not getting vaccinated?: different reasons for getting vaccinated against seasonal or pandemic influenza. BMC Public Health 2013 (published online Dec 21)

Brottet E, Vandroux D, Gauzere BA, et al. Influenza season in Reunion dominated by influenza B virus circulation associated with numerous cases of severe disease, France, 2014. Euro Surveill 2014 Oct 2;19(39):pii=20916

Burton C, Vaudry W, Moore D, et al. Burden of seasonal influenza in children with neurodevelopmental conditions. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2014 Jul;33(7):710-4

CDC. Influenza activity — United States, 2013-14 season and composition of the 2014-15 influenza vaccines. MMWR 2014 Jun 6; 63(22);483-90

CDC. Update: influenza activity — United States and worldwide, May 18-September 20, 2014. MMWR 2014 Oct 3;63(39):861-4

CDC. Update: Influenza activity—United States, September 29, 2013-February 8, 2014. MMWR 2014 Feb 21;61(7):148-54

CDC. Update: Influenza-associated intensive-care unit admissions and deaths—California, September 29, 2013-January 18, 2014. MMWR 2014 Feb 21;61(7):143-7

Chaves SS, Perez A, Farley MM, et al. The burden of influenza hospitalizations in infants from 2003 to 2012, United States. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2014 Sep;33(9):912-9

Chiu SS, Lo JY, Chan KH, et al. Population-based hospitalization burden of influenza A virus subtypes and antigenic drift variants in children in Hong Kong (2004-2011). PLoS One 2014 Apr 30

Chowell G, Towers S, Viboud C, et al. Rates of influenza-like illness and winter school breaks, Chile, 2004-2010. Emerg Infect Dis 2014 (published online May 27)

Cohen AL, Hellferscee O, Pretorius M, et al. Epidemiology of influenza virus types and subtypes in South Africa, 2009-2012. Emerg Infect Dis 2014 (published online Jun 17)

de Jong MD, Ison MG, Monto AS, et al. Evaluation of intravenous peramivir for treatment of influenza in hospitalized patients. Clin Infect Dis 2014 (published online Aug 12)

Dharan NJ, Sokolow LZ, Cheng PY, et al. Child, household, and caregiver characteristics associated with hospitalization for influenza among children 6-59 months of age: an emerging infections program study. Ped Infect Dis J 2014 (published online Mar 17)

Dunning J, Baillie JK, Cao B, et al. Antiviral combinations for severe influenza. Lancet Infect Dis 2014 (published online Sep 9)

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Risk assessment guidelines for infectious diseases transmitted on aircraft (RAGIDA): Influenza. Stockholm, Sweden: ECDC, 2014

Gill PJ, Ashdown HF, Wang K, et al. Identification of children at risk of influenza-related complications in primary and ambulatory care: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Respir Med 2014 (published online Dec 4)

Gomez-Gomez A, Magana-Aquino M, Bernal-Silva S, et al. Risk factors for severe influenza A pneumonia in adult cohort, Mexico, 2013-14. Emerg Infect Dis 2014 (published online Jun 16)

Grijalva CG, Griffin MR, Edwards KM, et al. The role of influenza and parainfluenza infections in nasopharyngeal pneumococcal acquisition among young children. Clin Infect Dis 2014 (published online Mar 12)

Groom AV, Hennessy TW, Singleton RJ, et al. Pneumonia and influenza mortality among American Indian and Alaska Native people, 1990-2009. Am J Public Health 2014 Jun;104(S3):S460-9

Haffizulla J, Hartman A, Hoppers M, et al. Effect of nitazoxanide in adults and adolescents with acute uncomplicated influenza: a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, phase 2b/3 trial. Lancet Infect Dis 2014 (published online May 20)

Harvala H, Smith D, Salvatierra K, et al. Burden of influenza B virus infections in Scotland in 2012/13 and epidemiological investigations between 2000 and 2012. Euro Surveill 2014 Sep 18;19(37):pii=20903

Related Practices

Health Matters - pandemic flu issue

Health Matters is a well-written, 8-page newsletter that provides essential information about pandemic influenza to the public. The articles provide essential and practical information about what to expect during a pandemic, and emphasize personal preparedness, prevention, and home care. The document is an ideal tool for placement on desks or web sites at local health departments or distribution at health fairs, clinics, and public presentations.

PIO avian flu functional exercise

The PIO avian flu functional exercise materials were adapted from a public information exercise designed to test the Ohio state communications plan and practice the formation of a joint information center.

"Protect Iowa Health" communications campaign advocates preparedness for everyone

An interactive Web site describes in English and Spanish ways in which anyone can be a preparedness hero.

Pandemic Influenza Planning Kit for Schools

The Planning Kit for Schools has the potential to increase pandemic influenza awareness, assist schools in maintaining continuity of education, and serve as a resource for the greater community. The kit carefully describes tangible steps that schools can take to plan for a pandemic, and the templates require organizations to identify specific school personnel as part of an incident command structure.

Social Distancing Protocol

The Social Distancing Protocol identifies types of social distancing, assesses the probable economic and social impact of each measure, and provides a guide for phased implementation based on WHO pandemic phase and local surveillance. These materials would be useful for review by state and local health departments, because they reference proposed decision-makers at each level of implementation.

Community Readiness Challenge

The Community Readiness Challenge encourages individuals and families to build a pandemic preparedness kit by providing detailed lists of weekly items to buy and ways to prepare for 26 weeks. The LOCC box portion of the program uses business donations to assemble personal preparedness kits for economically-disadvantaged citizens. This practice is noteworthy, because it addresses a group for which there is little focus on prevention and planning efforts.

Prioritization of public health services for pandemic influenza

A local attempt prioritized public health services and determined pertinent parameters for operation during a pandemic. The description of each prioritized service is accompanied by information on the minimum number of staff required to perform the service, necessary products, and ability of staff to perform the service from home. The document could serve as a beginning template for local agencies that have not begun the difficult discussions around public health continuity.

Medical Coordination Centers

A concept paper provides a process by which a public health department can provide statewide accessibility to select medical information and home medical treatment during an influenza pandemic. Existing Medical Coordination Centers (MCCs) are proposed as regional centers for public health operations, such as phone banks, home visit dispatch, provision of medical advice, security, Medical Reserve Corps operations, antiviral dispensing, and EMS coordination.

Caring for the sick at home when it's the only option

The hour-long DVD provides practical, detailed information on caring for ill persons, including those with influenza, at home. It is aimed at non-medical care providers.

Allocating Influenza Vaccines in Minnesota

A well-written and valuable guide on the ethics of influenza vaccine distribution was the product of a multidisciplinary work group composed of public health professionals, ethicists, healthcare providers, and legal experts. The aim of the work group was to provide ethical guidance for Minnesota's statewide pandemic planning efforts, and the group chose to focus on ethical distribution of vaccine as a scarce resource.

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