Influenza, General

Recent News

Aug 27, 2015

Flu Scan for Aug 27, 2015

H5N1 in Ivory Coast and Nigeria
H7N9 research highlights
Global flu update
Aug 10, 2015

News Scan for Aug 10, 2015

Cyclospora in Canada
Global flu update
Flu vaccine and race
Aug 07, 2015

News Scan for Aug 07, 2015

More Saudi MERS cases
Hand washing and respiratory infection
Global health cooperation
Aug 05, 2015

News Scan for Aug 05, 2015

Saudi MERS case
More Cyclospora cases
Respiratory viruses in families
H5N1 in Nigeria
Biosecurity at new federal lab
Jul 30, 2015

Flu Scan for Jul 30, 2015

Flu vaccine gaps probed
H5N2, H5N8 human risk
More avian flu in Ghana
Jul 28, 2015

Flu Scan for Jul 28, 2015

Southern Hemisphere flu rise
H5N8 outbreaks in Korea
Jul 14, 2015

Flu Scan for Jul 14, 2015

Flu activity up in Southern Hemisphere
Flu vaccine shipments starting
Jul 10, 2015

Flu Scan for Jul 10, 2015

H7N9 cases in China
Influenza B lineages compared
Jul 06, 2015

Flu Scan for Jul 06, 2015

Flu in South Africa
Oseltamivir and eye flu infection
Jun 25, 2015

Flu Scan for Jun 25, 2015

H5N2 recess lengthens
H5N1 case in Egypt
H3N2 mismatch mutation

Resources & Literature

Recent Literature

Ang LW, Lim C, Lee VJM, et al. Influenza-associated hospitalizations, Singapore, 2004-2008 and 2010-2012. Emerg Infect Dis 2014 (published online Aug 29)

Appiah GD, Blanton L, D'Mello T, et al. Influenza activity — United States, 2014-15 season and composition of the 2015-16 influenza vaccine. MMWR 2015 Jun 5;64(21):583-90

Aquino TL, Brice GT, Hayes S, et al. Influenza outbreak in a vaccinated population — USS Ardent, February 2014. MMWR 2014 Oct 24;63(42):947-9

Azziz-Baumgartner E, Garten RJ, Palekar R, et al. Determination of predominance of influenza virus strains in the Americas. Emerg Infect Dis 2015 (published online Jun 10)

Belser JA, Maines TR, Creager HM, et al. Oseltamivir inhibits influenza virus replication and transmission following ocular-only aerosol inoculation of ferrets. Virology 2015 Oct;484:305-12

Berthod D, Genton B, Hatz C, et al. Ability of physicians to diagnose influenza and usefulness of a rapid influenza antigen test in febrile returning travelers: a randomized controlled trial. Travel Med Infect Dis 2015 (published online Aug 25)

Broberg E, Snacken R, Adlhoch C, et al. Start of the 2014/15 influenza season in Europe: drifted influenza A(H3N2) viruses circulate as dominant subtype. Euro Surveill 2015 Jan 29;20(4):pii=21023

Brottet E, Vandroux D, Gauzere BA, et al. Influenza season in Reunion dominated by influenza B virus circulation associated with numerous cases of severe disease, France, 2014. Euro Surveill 2014 Oct 2;19(39):pii=20916

Brown CR, McCaw JM, Fairmaid EJ, et al. Factors associated with transmission of influenza-like illness in a cohort of households containing multiple children. Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2015 (published online Jun 9)

Carias C, Reed C, Kim IK, et al. Net costs due to seasonal influenza vaccination—United States, 2005-2009. PLoS One 2015 (published online Jul 31)

CDC. Update: influenza activity — United States and worldwide, May 18-September 20, 2014. MMWR 2014 Oct 3;63(39):861-4

Chambers BS,  Parkhouse K, Ross TM, et al. Identification of hemagglutinin residues responsible for H3N2 antigenic drift during the 2014-2015 influenza season. Cell Rep 2015 (published online Jun 25)

Chambers LW, Crowe L, Lam P, et al. A new approach to improving healthcare personnel influenza immunization programs: a randomized controlled trial. PLoS One 2015 (published online Mar 17)

Cheung DH, Tsang TK, Fang VJ, et al. Association of oseltamivir treatment with virus shedding, illness, and household transmission of influenza viruses. J Infect Dis 2015 (published online Feb 2)

Choi MJ, Torremorell M, Bender JB, et al. Live animal markets in Minnesota: a potential source for emergence of novel influenza A viruses and interspecies transmission. Clin Infect Dis 2015 (published online Jul 29)

Coleman BL, Fadel SA, Drews SJ, et al. Zanamivir versus trivalent split virus influenza vaccine: a pilot randomized trial. Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2015 (published online Jan 4)

Cooper BS, Kotirum S, Kulpeng W, et al. Mortality attributable to seasonal influenza A and B infections in Thailand, 2005-2009: a longitudinal study. Am J Epidemiol 2015 (published online Apr 20)

Davis GS, Waits K, Nordstrom L, et al. Intermingled Klebsiella pneumonia populations between retail meats and human urinary tract infections. Clin Infect Dis 2015 (published online Jul 22)

Dawood FS, Jara J, Estripeaut D, et al. What is the added benefit of oropharyngeal swabs compared to nasal swabs alone for respiratory virus detection in hospitalized children aged <10 years? J Infect Dis 2015 (published online May 5)

Dobson J, Whitley RJ, Pocock S, et al. Oseltamivir treatment for influenza in adults: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Lancet 2015 (published online Jan 29)

Ducatez MF, Pelletier C, Meyer G. Influenza D virus in cattle, France, 2011-2014. Emerg Infect Dis 2015 (published online Jan 6)

Dunning J, Baillie JK, Cao B, et al. Antiviral combinations for severe influenza. Lancet Infect Dis 2014 (published online Sep 9)

D’Mello T, Brammer L, Blanton L, et al. Influenza activity — United States, September 28, 2014-February 21, 2015. (Update) MMWR 2015 Mar 6;64(8):206-12

Ehlken B, Anastassopoulou A, Hain J, et al. Cost for physician-diagnosed influenza and influenza-like illnesses on primary care level in Germanyresults of a database analysis from May 2010 to April 2012. BMC Public Health 2015 Jun 21;15:578

Fu Y, Pan L, Sun Q, et al. The clinical and etiological characteristics of influenza-like illness (ILI) in outpatients in Shanghai, China, 2011 to 2013. PLoS One 2015 Mar 30;10(3):e0119513

Related Practices

Health Matters - pandemic flu issue

Health Matters is a well-written, 8-page newsletter that provides essential information about pandemic influenza to the public. The articles provide essential and practical information about what to expect during a pandemic, and emphasize personal preparedness, prevention, and home care. The document is an ideal tool for placement on desks or web sites at local health departments or distribution at health fairs, clinics, and public presentations.

PIO avian flu functional exercise

The PIO avian flu functional exercise materials were adapted from a public information exercise designed to test the Ohio state communications plan and practice the formation of a joint information center.

"Protect Iowa Health" communications campaign advocates preparedness for everyone

An interactive Web site describes in English and Spanish ways in which anyone can be a preparedness hero.

Pandemic Influenza Planning Kit for Schools

The Planning Kit for Schools has the potential to increase pandemic influenza awareness, assist schools in maintaining continuity of education, and serve as a resource for the greater community. The kit carefully describes tangible steps that schools can take to plan for a pandemic, and the templates require organizations to identify specific school personnel as part of an incident command structure.

Social Distancing Protocol

The Social Distancing Protocol identifies types of social distancing, assesses the probable economic and social impact of each measure, and provides a guide for phased implementation based on WHO pandemic phase and local surveillance. These materials would be useful for review by state and local health departments, because they reference proposed decision-makers at each level of implementation.

Community Readiness Challenge

The Community Readiness Challenge encourages individuals and families to build a pandemic preparedness kit by providing detailed lists of weekly items to buy and ways to prepare for 26 weeks. The LOCC box portion of the program uses business donations to assemble personal preparedness kits for economically-disadvantaged citizens. This practice is noteworthy, because it addresses a group for which there is little focus on prevention and planning efforts.

Prioritization of public health services for pandemic influenza

A local attempt prioritized public health services and determined pertinent parameters for operation during a pandemic. The description of each prioritized service is accompanied by information on the minimum number of staff required to perform the service, necessary products, and ability of staff to perform the service from home. The document could serve as a beginning template for local agencies that have not begun the difficult discussions around public health continuity.

Medical Coordination Centers

A concept paper provides a process by which a public health department can provide statewide accessibility to select medical information and home medical treatment during an influenza pandemic. Existing Medical Coordination Centers (MCCs) are proposed as regional centers for public health operations, such as phone banks, home visit dispatch, provision of medical advice, security, Medical Reserve Corps operations, antiviral dispensing, and EMS coordination.

Caring for the sick at home when it's the only option

The hour-long DVD provides practical, detailed information on caring for ill persons, including those with influenza, at home. It is aimed at non-medical care providers.

Allocating Influenza Vaccines in Minnesota

A well-written and valuable guide on the ethics of influenza vaccine distribution was the product of a multidisciplinary work group composed of public health professionals, ethicists, healthcare providers, and legal experts. The aim of the work group was to provide ethical guidance for Minnesota's statewide pandemic planning efforts, and the group chose to focus on ethical distribution of vaccine as a scarce resource.

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