Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus

Recent News

Nov 13, 2018

News Scan for Nov 13, 2018

New MERS case
AFM in Scottish kids
Health departments against antimicrobial resistance
Oseltamivir and psychiatric events
Nov 12, 2018

News Scan for Nov 12, 2018

Public concern over antibiotic resistance
Saudi MERS case
Adenovirus in New Jersey
Nov 08, 2018

News Scan for Nov 08, 2018

More Saudi MERS cases
Restaurant food safety
Nov 07, 2018

News Scan for Nov 07, 2018

Saudi MERS case
Cake mix Salmonella details
Cat-linked H7N2 flu infection
Nov 01, 2018
Camel with rider

WHO details 8 recent Saudi MERS cases, 3 deaths

Three were hospital contacts in a hospital in Dammam, and two were household contacts in Riyadh.

Oct 31, 2018

News Scan for Oct 31, 2018

Saudi MERS cases
Congenital Zika
Flu rise in Asia, elsewhere
Enterovirus blood testing
Oct 30, 2018

News Scan for Oct 30, 2018

Acute flaccid myelitis cases
Zika in monkeys
Evidence of MERS in camel workers
Bipartisan public health support
Oct 29, 2018

News Scan for Oct 29, 2018

MERS in Saudi Arabia
Fatal adenovirus in NJ
Medical vaccine exemptions
Oct 22, 2018

News Scan for Oct 22, 2018

More US polio-like cases
Saudi MERS case
Cucumber-linked Salmonella
Oct 16, 2018

News Scan for Oct 16, 2018

Ebola infections in DRC
New Saudi MERS case
MERS risk in South Korea
Global flu ebbing

Resources & Literature



Jump to Recent Literature


Last updated Oct 8, 2014

Latest Cases & General Information

Frequently updated case list from FluTrackersTransmission electron micrograph of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus
Disease outbreak news from WHO
Maia Majumder, MPH, MERS resources on Tumblr
Virology Down Under MERS-CoV page
Naming of MERS-CoV from Science (May 6, 2013)
Genetic sequence of MERS-CoV from PHE

Health Agency Documents

World Health Organization (WHO)

MERS-CoV page 
List of latest case updates
Summary updates landing page
Latest risk assessment (Apr 24, 2014)
Frequently asked questions (May 9, 2014)
Interim Case Definitions (Jul 14, 2014)
Guidance on conducting case-control studies (Jul 15, 2014)
Interim surveillance recommendations (Jun 27, 2013)
Interim recommendations for laboratory testing (Sep 16, 2o13)
Seroepidemiological investigation of contacts (Nov 19, 2013)                                                                     Risk factors of infection among health care personnel (Jan 27, 2014)
Guidance for health care professionals (May 6, 2013)
Clinical management (Feb 11, 2013)
Home care for patients with MERS-CoV infection (Aug 8, 2013)
Travel recommendations (Jun 5, 2013)
Travel advice for pilgrims (Jun 3, 2014)
Naming of the novel coronavirus (May 28, 2013)

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

MERS-CoV page
Press release on first US case
(May 2, 2014)
Press release on clearing of contacts of first 2 US cases (Jun 17, 2014)
Health Alert Network advisory (May 3, 2014)
Frequently asked questions
(Aug 4, 2014)
Case definitions (Jun 25, 2014)
Interim guidance for healthcare professionals (Jul 29, 2014)
Guidance for travelers (May 21, 2014)
Infection prevention and control guidelines (Jul 11, 2014)
Information and guidance for clinicians (Jun 18, 2013)
Guidance on air medical transport for MERS patients (Jul 3, 2014)

Interim guidance for airline crew
(Mar 10, 2014)
Guidelines for evaluation of MERS-CoV (Jun 7, 2013)                                                                                   Interim guidelines for collection, processing and transport of clinical specimens (Jun 7, 2013)          Interim guidance for preventing MERS-CoV from spreading in homes and communities (Jul 11, 2014)
Interim home care and isolation guidance for MERS-CoV (Jul 11, 2014)
Advanced molecular detection (Aug 25, 2014)
MERS-CoV Images                                                   

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)

MERS-CoV page
Updated rapid risk assessment (Apr 25, 2014) 
Epidemiologic update
(May 16, 2014)

Public Health England (PHE)

MERS-CoV page
Key facts  (Oct 4, 2013)
Risk assessment (May 2, 2014)
Treatment of MERS-CoV: Decision support tool (Jul 14, 2014)
Infection control advice (Jun 28, 2013)
Primary care algorithm for MERS & avian flu (May 28, 2014)
Algorithm for management of possible cases (Jul 14, 2014)
Algorithm for management of close contacts (May 16, 2014)
Epidemiologic protocols (Nov 11, 2013)

Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

RT-PCR Assay fact sheet for health care professionals (Jun 12, 2014)
RT-PCR assay fact sheet for patients (Jun 12, 2014) 
Emergency use authorization (Jun 10, 2014)

World Organization for Animal Health (OIE)

Questions and answers  (Aug 2014)

Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC)

Risk assessment (Oct 8, 2014)
Public health notice (Oct 1, 2014)
Travel health notice (Jul 24, 2014)
Infection prevention and control guidance (Oct 4, 2013)
Interim case definition (Sep 23, 2013)
Coronavirus in animals (May 28, 2013)
Case report form (Apr 22, 2013) 

Saudi Arabia Ministry of Health (MOH)

MERS-CoV Page 
Infection prevention and control precautions (May 15, 2013)
Frequently asked questions
Procedures for suspected or confirmed cases 
Media Statements  


Helen Branswell (@HelenBranswell)
Michael Coston (@Fla_Medic)
Martin Enserink (@martinenserink)
FluTrackers (@FluTrackers)
Jason Gale (@jwgale)
Gregory Hartl (@HaertlG) (@healthmap)
Crawford Kilian (@crof)
Ian M Mackay, PhD (@MackayIM)
Maia Majumder, MPH (@maiamajumder)
NPR Global Health (@nprGlobalHealth)
Lisa Schnirring (@lisaschnirring)
Marc Sprenger (@ECDC_MSprenger)
World Health Organization (@WHO)

Recent Literature

Ahmed AE, Al-Jahdali H, Alaqeel M, et al. Factors associated with recovery delay in a sample of patients diagnosed by MERS-CoV rRT-PCR: a Saudi Arabian multicenter retrospective study. Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2018 (published online Apr 25)

Ahmed AE, Al-Jahdali H, Alshukairi AN, et al. Early identification of pneumonia patients at increased risk of MERS-CoV infection in Saudi Arabia. Int J Infect Dis 2018 (published online Mar 14)

Al-Tawfiq JA, Memish ZA. Lack of seasonal variation of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). Travel Med Infect Dis 2018 (published online Sep 12)

Alfaraj SH, Al-Tawfiq JA, Altuwaijri TA, et al. Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus in pediatrics: a report of seven cases from Saudi Arabia. Front Med 2018 (published online Apr 6)

Alfaraj SH, Al-Tawfiq JA, Memish ZA. Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus intermittent positive cases: implications for infection control. Am J Infect Control 2018 (published online Oct 20)

Alqahtani FY, Aleanizy FS, Ali El Hadi Mohamed R, et al. Prevalence of comorbidities in cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus: a retrospective study. Epidemiol Infect 2018 (published online Nov 5)

Alshukairi AN, Zheng J, Zhao J, et al. High prevalence of MERS-CoV infection in camel workers in Saudi Arabia. mBio 2018 (published online Oct 30)

Amer H, Alqahtani AS, Alaklobi F, et al. Healthcare workers exposure to Middle East respiratory syndrome corona virus (MERS-CoV): revision of screening strategies urgently needed. Int J Infect Dis 2018 (published online Apr 9)

Amer H, Alqahtani AS, Alzoman H, et al. Unusual presentation of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus leading to a large outbreak in Riyadh during 2017. Am J Infect Control 2018 (published online Apr 13)

Beigel JH, Voell J, Kumar P, et al. Safety and tolerability of a novel, polyclonal human anti-MERS coronavirus antibody produced from transchromosomic cattle: a phase 1 randomised, double-blind, single-dose-escalation study. Lancet Infect Dis 2018 (published online Jan 9)

Chen L, Zhang J, Wang J, et al. Newly identified colistin resistance genes, mcr-4 and mcr-5, from upper and lower alimentary tract of pigs and poultry in China. PLoS One 2018 Mar 14;13(3):e0193957

David D, Rotenberg D, Khinich E, et al. Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus specific antibodies in naturally exposed Israeli llamas, alpacas and camels. One Health 2018 (published online May 4)

Dudas G, Carvalho LM, Rambaut A, et al. MERS-CoV spillover at the camel-human interface. eLife 2018 Jan 16;7:e31257

Islam A, Epstein JH, Rostal MK, et al. Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus antibodies in dromedary camels. Bangladesh, 2015. (Letter) Emerg Infect Dis 2018 (published online Mar 22)

Kim Y. Nurses' experiences of care for patients with Middle East respiratory syndrome-coronavirus in South Korea. Am J Infect Control 2018 (published online Mar 1)

Moreno A, Lelli D, de Sabato L, et al. Detection and full genome characterization of two beta CoV viruses related to Middle East respiratory syndrome from bats in Italy. Virol J 2017 Dec 19;14:239

Park WB, Poon LLM, Choi SJ, et al. Replicative virus shedding in the respiratory tract of the patients with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus infection. Int J Infect Dis 2018 (published online May 9)

Payne DC, Biggs HM, Al-Abdallat MM, et al. Multi-hospital outbreak of a Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus deletion variant, Jordan: a molecular, serologic, and epidemiologic investigation. Open Forum Infect Dis 2018 (published online Apr 28)

So RTY, Perera RAPM, Oladipo JO, et al. Lack of serological evidence of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus infection in virus exposed camel abattoir workers in Nigeria, 2016. Euro Surveill 2018 Aug 9;23(32):pii=1800175

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