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Foodservice settings, not cruise ships, top the list for norovirus outbreak culprits.
CDC experts say norovirus causes up to 21 million illnesses and 800 deaths a year.
A 10-year CDC study found an uptick in outbreaks linked to leafy vegetables and dairy products.
Ahmed SM, Hall AJ, Robinson AE, et al. Global prevalence of norovirus in cases of gastroenteritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Infect Dis 2014 (published online Jun 27)
Bernard H, Faber M, Wilking H, et al. Large multistate outbreak of norovirus gastroenteritis associated with frozen strawberries, Germany, 2012. Euro Surveill 2014 Feb 27;19(8):pii=20719
Debbink K, Lindesmith LC, Donaldson EF, et al. Emergence of new pandemic GII.4 Sydney norovirus strain correlates with escape from herd immunity. J Infect Dis 2013 (published online Aug 1)
Franck KT, Fonager J, Ersboll AK, et al. Norovirus epidemiology in community and health care settings and association with patient age, Denmark. Emerg Infect Dis 2014 Jul;20(7):1123-31
Hall AJ, Wikswo ME, Pringle K, et al. Foodborne norovirus outbreaks--United States, 2009-2012. (Vital signs) MMWR 2014 Jun 3;63(early release):1-5
Harris JP, Adams NL, Lopman BA, et al. The development of web-based surveillance provides new insights into the burden of norovirus outbreaks in hospitals in England. Epidemiol Infect 2013 (published online Nov 14)
Leshem E, Barclay L, Wikswo M, et al. Genotype GI.6 norovirus, United States, 2010–2012. Emerg Infect Dis 2013 Aug;19(8):1317-20
Saito M, Goel-Apaza S, Espetia S, et al. Multiple norovirus infections in a birth cohort in a Peruvian peri-urban community. Clin Infect Dis 2013 (published online Dec 2)
Simmons K, Gambhir M, Leon J, et al. Duration of immunity to norovirus gastroenteritis. Emerg Infect Dis 2013 Aug;19(8):1260-7
Tuladhar E, Hazeleger WC, Koopmans M, et al. Transfer of noroviruses between fingers and fomites and food products. Int J Food Microbiol 2013 (published online Oct 5)
Wikswo ME, Desai R, Edwards KM, et al. Clinical profile of children with norovirus disease in rotavirus vaccine era. (Letter) Emerg Infect Dis 2013 (published online Aug 27)
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