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The patients, hospitalized at a speciality center, had a variety of complications and some unusual features.
Researchers call cardinals West Nile virus "supersupressors," because their lower viral blood levels are less likely to transmit the disease back to mosquitoes.
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DeFelice NB, Little E, Campbell SR, et al. Ensemble forecast of human West Nile virus cases and mosquito infection rates. Nat Commun 2017 (published online Feb 24)
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Grubaugh ND, Fauver JR, Ruckert C, et al. Mosquitoes transmit unique West Nile virus populations during each feeding episode. Cell Rep 2017 Apr 25;19(4):709-18
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Lustig Y, Kaufman Z, Mendelson E, et al. Spatial distribution of West Nile virus (WNV) in humans and mosquitos in Israel, 2004-2014. Int J Infect Dis 2017 (published online Sep 4)
Martinez D, Murray KO, Reyna M, et al. West Nile virus outbreak in Houston and Harris County, Texas, USA, 2014. Emerg Infect Dis 2017 (published online Jun 29)
Paull SH, Horton DE, Ashfaq M, et al. Drought and immunity determine the intensity of West Nile virus epidemics and climate change impacts. Proc R Soc London B Biol Sci 2017 (published online Feb 8)
Pedersen K, Wang E, Weaver SC, et al. Serologic evidence of various arboviruses detected in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in the United States. Am J Trop Med and Hyg 2017 (published online May 30)
Venter M, Pretorius M, Fuller JA, et al. West Nile virus lineage 2 in horses and other animals with neurologic disease, South Africa, 2008-2015. Emerg Infect Dis 2017 (published online Oct 30)
Worwa G, Hutton AA, Frey M, et al. Increases in the competitive fitness of West Nile virus isolates after introduction into California. Virology 2017 (published online Nov 28)
Yeung MW, Shing E, Nelder M, et al. Epidemiologic and clinical parameters of West Nile virus infections in humans: a scoping review. BMC Infect Dis 2017 Sep 6;17:609
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