CDC: US Cyclospora outbreak grows to 476 cases
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) yesterday reported 19 new cyclosporiasis cases in the past week, bringing the 2015 outbreak total to 476 infections in 29 states.
About 59% of the patients (282) became sick May 1 or later and did not have a history of international travel in the 2 weeks before illness onset. Sixteen patients have required hospitalization, but none have died from infection with the parasite Cyclospora cayetanensis.
The CDC has identified illness clusters in Texas, Wisconsin, and Georgia and has preliminarily identified cilantro as a suspected source in Texas and Wisconsin. At the end of July the Food and Drug Administration announced an import ban on cilantro from Mexico's Puebla region after it turned up multiple problems, including human feces in growing fields.
The CDC is also investigating potential food sources in cases not part of the identified clusters.
The CDC update includes 162 Cyclospora cases in Texas, but yesterday the Texas Department of State Health Services (TDSHS) listed 243 cases so far this year, 6 more than it reported a week ago. That would bring the US total to 557 illnesses.
As of 2 days ago, a cyclosporiasis outbreak in Canada that began May 3 involves 87 cases in four provinces, according to a Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) update.
Aug 18 CDC update
Aug 18 TDSHS update
Aug 17 PHAC update
California officials announce 2nd Yosemite plague case
A tourist from Georgia who visited Yosemite National Park this month represents the park's second presumed case of plague, the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) said yesterday in a news release.
The patient vacationed in Yosemite, the Sierra National Forest ,and surrounding areas in California in early August before falling ill. Warnings issued by the CDPH about plague awareness helped healthcare providers in Georgia make the diagnosis, the agency said. Confirmatory tests by the CDC are awaited.
The first plague case, announced by the CDPH on Aug 6, involved a child from Los Angeles County. She had been camping at Crane Flat Campground in Yosemite before contracting the disease, one of two campgrounds in the park that were closed for spraying to control fleas, which carry the Yersinia pestis bacterium that causes plague.
In the summer of 2012, 10 people contracted hantavirus after visiting Yosemite, 3 of whom died. That outbreak was traced to tent cabins infested with rodents.
Earlier this summer two people in Colorado died after contracting plague. Two other Coloradans this year survived their infections.
Aug 18 CDPH news release
NIAID awards $2.7 million in additional funds for ricin vaccine
Soligenix, Inc., of Princeton, N.J., was awarded $2.7 million in additional funding by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) to advance the development of its heat-stable ricin vaccine, RiVax, the company said in a press release today.
The contract involves advancing Soligenix's thermostabilization technology—called ThermoVax—to be used with RiVax as an effective countermeasure against the effects of ricin exposure that could one day be added to the country's Strategic National Stockpile. The award is in addition to existing NIAID funding that could total $24.7 million if all contract options are exercised.
"The execution of the first option reflects NIAID's ongoing commitment to develop viable thermostabilization technologies that can be applied to vaccines that provide for enhanced stability and the ability to avoid the burdensome logistics of cold chain distribution," said Soligenix President and CEO Christopher J. Schaber, PhD.
Aug 19 Soligenix press release