Stewardship / Resistance Scan for Sep 29, 2017

Money for HAI prevention
Drug resistance in supply chains

CDC awards $10 million for healthcare-associated infection research

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has awarded $10 million to five organizations for research into the spread and prevention of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), especially those that are antibiotic resistant.

The five recipients are the University of Utah, RTI International, the University of Iowa, Washington State University, and the Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy. Their projects include developing tools and methods to understand the transmission of HAIs and antibiotic-resistant infections in healthcare facilities, assessing hospital-based strategies to prevent HAI transmission, and evaluating outbreak alert algorithms.

The investments are part of the CDC's Antibiotic Resistance Solutions Initiative, which supports activities to detect, prevent, and respond to resistant infections in healthcare, food, and the community.

In its most recent survey of HAI prevalence, the CDC estimated that nearly 722,000 HAIs occurred in US acute care hospitals in 2011, and 75,000 patients with HAIs died during their hospitalization. The leading HAIs included surgical-site infections, pneumonia, and gastrointestinal illness.
Sep 27 CDC information page

UN, FAO join forces to combat antimicrobial resistance in supply chains

European Union (EU) Commissioner of Health and Food Safety Vytenis Andriukaitis, MD, and United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Director-General Jose Graziano da Silva, PhD, today agreed to bolster collaboration between the two organizations to address food waste, food safety, and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in supply chains, according an FAO news story today.

In a letter of intent signed today, the FAO and the EU pledge to bolster cooperation on tackling the spread of AMR on farms and in food systems.

Calling AMR a growing global concern, Graziano da Silva said: "Unfortunately, the use of antibiotics, including their use to promote growth, is already widespread." He said the FAO believes that antibiotics and other antimicrobials should be used only to cure diseases and, in certain circumstances, to prevent epidemics, but not to promote animal growth.

Areas of cooperation include the following, according to the story: (1) increasing the exchange of information and evidence related to antimicrobial use in food production, as well as best AMR management practices; (2) joint advocacy and education efforts to promote the responsible use of antimicrobials and improve farm-level hygiene; (3) supporting nations in drafting legislation surrounding antimicrobial usage; and (4) conducting joint training and capacity building aimed to improve tracking the use antibiotic in food systems and mapping the presence of AMR.
Sep 29 FAO
news story

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