News Scan for Apr 22, 2019

More Saudi MERS cases
Yellow fever in Brazil

Two new MERS cases recorded in Saudi Arabia

The Saudi Arabian Ministry of Health (MOH) today and over the weekend recorded two more cases of MERS-CoV for epidemiologic weeks 16 and 17.

On Apr 20 the MOH said an 83-year-old man from Taif was diagnosed as having MERS-CoV (Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus) infection. The man's case is listed as "primary," and he had recent contact with camels.

Today a 56-year-old man from Medina was confirmed as being diagnosed as having MERS. It is not known if he had camel contact, but his illness is also listed as "primary," meaning it is unlikely he contracted the virus from another person.

The cases raise Saudi Arabia's MERS-CoV total for the year to 134 cases, including 57 linked to a large outbreak in Wadi ad-Dawasir.
Apr 20 MOH report
Apr 22 MOH report


WHO: Brazil confirms 75 yellow fever cases in current season

From July 2018 through March 2019, Brazil recorded 75 yellow fever cases, including 17 deaths, resulting in a case-fatality ratio of 23%. The numbers come from a new update published today by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Though Brazil is seeing yellow fever spread in regions with low population immunity, the 2018-19 seasonal numbers pale in comparison to the two distinct waves of yellow fever outbreaks seen in recent years. In 2016 and 2017 officials noted 778 human cases, including 262 deaths, and in 2017-18 officials confirmed 1,376 human cases, including 483 deaths.

According to the WHO, current cases have been confirmed in Sao Paulo (62), Parana (12), and Santa Catarina (1) states. Of these patients, 88% are men, the median age is 43 years, and 71% are rural workers.

These are the first cases recorded in Parana state, located in southeast Brazil, since 2015. The other cases recorded in the last 2 months were in Sao Paulo state. Sao Paulo and Parana states have also reported epizootic cases in the last month, the WHO said.

"The geographical distribution of human cases and epizootics from the current and previous two seasonal cycles suggests southward movement of the virus, which presents further risk to the states of Parana, Rio Grande do Sul, and Santa Catarina," the WHO said.
Apr 18
WHO update

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