Ebola

Recent News

May 12, 2021

News Scan for May 12, 2021

Patients' expectation for antibiotics
Improper antibiotics for COVID-19
Proactive Ebola vaccination in Sierra Leone
May 05, 2021

News Scan for May 05, 2021

COVID-19 recurrence
Medicaid expansion during COVID
Guinea's fragile Ebola situation
May 03, 2021

News Scan for May 03, 2021

End to DRC Ebola outbreak
Canadian variant flu cases
Apr 06, 2021

News Scan for Apr 06, 2021

CARB-X funds for rapid STI test
More Ebola cases in Guinea
HPV vaccine in pregnancy
Apr 02, 2021

News Scan for Apr 02, 2021

Salmonella outbreak tied to songbirds
Ebola case in Guinea
Polio in 2 countries
Apr 01, 2021

News Scan for Apr 01, 2021

COVID impact on pregnancy outcomes
COVID-19 nursing home risks
Outbreak tied to Ebola relapse
Global flu stays low
Mar 25, 2021

News Scan for Mar 25, 2021

HPV infections down
Sexually transmitted infections
Guinea Ebola countdown
Mar 23, 2021

News Scan for Mar 23, 2021

Inflammatory bowel drug and COVID-19
Weight gain during pandemic
Ebola countdown in DRC
Mar 12, 2021

News Scan for Mar 12, 2021

Grants for phage research
Guinea Ebola source
Multistate E coli outbreak
More polio in 6 nations
Mar 05, 2021

News Scan for Mar 05, 2021

New Ebola case in Guinea
Polio in 4 countries

Resources & Literature

Resources

Jump to Recent Literature

 

Last updated May 29, 2015

Latest Cases and General Information
Ebola virus
Situation update (WHO) (May 29, 2015)
Updated case counts (CDC) (May 29, 2015)
Updated travel notice: Liberia (CDC) (May 4, 2015)
You've survived Ebola: What's next? (CDC) (May 1, 2015)

Ebola survivors: Read this before you have sex (CDC brochure) (Apr 21, 2015)
Pushed to the Limit and Beyond: A Year into the Largest Ever Ebola Outbreak  (MSF) (Mar 23, 2015)
Systems for rapidly detecting and treating persons with Ebola—US (CDC) (Mar 3, 2015)

White House Ebola response fact sheet (Feb 11, 2015)
Preventing Ebola by screening travelers (Feb 5 , 2015)
Cumulative reported cases graph (CDC) (Feb 19, 2015)
Situation roadmap (WHO) (Feb 18, 2015)
Travel health notices (CDC) (Feb 19, 2015)
One year into the Ebola epidemic (WHO) (Jan 2015)
How to talk with your children about Ebola (CDC) (Nov 20, 2014)
Q & A on monitoring and movement (CDC) (Dec 16, 2014)
How Ebola is Spread (CDC) (Nov 1, 2014)
West Africa outbreak page from CDC
Ebola visualizations by Maimuna Majumder, MPH
Virology Down Under Ebola disease page
Virology Down Under Ebola maps
Ebola outbreak map from HealthMap
Q & A about Ebola and pets from CDC (Nov 12, 2014)


Resources for Healthcare Volunteers

CDC: Ebola advice for humanitarian aid organizations (Dec 11)
CDC: Ebola advice for humanitarian aid workers (Dec 11)
NIOSH: The buddy system (Dec 12, 2014)
CDC: Best practices for procuring PPE (Nov 20, 2014)
WHO: Rapid advice guideline on PPE (Oct 2014)
MSF: Protocols for staff returning from Ebola-affected countries (Oct 23, 2014)
CDC: Safety training course for healthcare workers in West Africa (Oct 6, 2014)
Travel grants for health workers attending CDC training 
WHO: Safe delivery services for mothers and newborns in Ebola outbreak areas (Nov 26, 2014)
See more below under CDC


Health Agency Documents

World Health Organization (WHO)

Situation update (May 11, 2015)
Ebola Interim Assessment Panel: Report by the Secretariat (May 8, 2015)
One year into the Ebola epidemic (Jan 2015)
Situation roadmap (WHO) (Feb 18, 2015)
Statement from Travel and Transport Task Force (Nov 7, 2014)
Fact sheet
Ebola page
Frequently asked questions (Aug 8, 2014)
Infection prevention and control guidance summary (Aug 2014)
Travel and transport risk assessment (Sep 2014) 
Clinical management of patients (Apr 2014)
Protective measures for medical staff (Oct 3, 2014)
Interim guidance on event management at points of entry (Sep 2014)
Case definition recommendations (Aug 9, 2014)
Ebola and food safety (Aug 24, 2014)
Experimental vaccines (Oct 1, 2014)
Ebola Preparedness Checklist (Oct 30, 2014)
Ebola virus in semen of men recovered from Ebola (Nov 26, 2014)

United Nations

UNMEER: Ebola funding—Liberia (Nov 17, 2014)
UNMEER: Ebola funding—Sierra Leone (Nov 17, 2014)
UNMEER: Ebola funding—Guinea (Nov 17, 2014)
World Food Programme video: Keeping the Ebola crisis from becoming a food crisis (Oct 29, 2014)
UN Mission for Ebola Emergency Response (UNMEER)
UNICEF waste management guidance (Sep 26, 2014)
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN) Ebola page
FAO response summary (Oct 2014) 

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

General resources
What to know about Ebola for Liberians living in the US (Apr 22, 2015)
What to know about Ebola for Guineans living in the US (Apr 22, 2015)
What to know about Ebola for Sierra Leonians living in the US (Apr 22, 2015)
Ebola survivors: Read this before you have sex (CDC brochure) (Apr 21, 2015)
Getting to zero (video) (Apr 6, 2015)
CDC podcast on risk to pets: transcript (Mar 19, 2015)
Information for families and loved ones of responders (Mar 13, 2015)
Key messages for safe school operations in countries with outbreaks of Ebola (Feb 25, 2015)
Q & A about Ebola for US businesses, employers, and business travelers (Feb 23, 2015)
Cumulative reported cases graph (CDC) (Feb 19, 2015)
Q & A re transport of pediatric patients with suspected or confirmed Ebola (Feb 2, 2105)
Interim table of state Ebola screening and monitoring policies (Jan 8, 2015)
Latest MMWR update (CDC) (Dec 19, 2014)
Ebola response team fact sheet (Dec 2, 2014)
Why Ebola is not likely to become airborne (Dec 1, 2014)
Ebola page
Questions and answers (Oct 8, 2014)
Case definitions (Sep 4, 2014)
West Africa outbreak page
Democratic Republic of the Congo outbreak page
Summary of human-to-human transmission (Oct 17, 2014)
Information on cleaning and decontamination (Nov 10, 2014)
Communication resources for West African communities (Nov 20)
Ebola fact sheet for West Africans living in the US (Nov 17)
Survivability of Ebola virus in medical waste (Nov 20)

Guidance documents
Interim advice on the sexual transmission of Ebola (May 8, 2015)
Interim guidance for cruise ships: managing a suspected case of Ebola onboard (Apr 8, 2015)
Guidance for US labs for managing and testing clinical specimens when there is concern about Ebola
(Feb 3, 2015)

Interim recommendations for flu vaccination and post-exposure chemoprophylaxis in people being monitored for potential Ebola virus exposure (Jan 26, 2015)
Interim guidance for US businesses, employers, and business travelers to prevent Ebola exposure (Jan 23, 2015)
Ebola must go: bury all dead bodies safely (Dec 23, 2014)
Procedures for safe handling and management of Ebola-associated waste (Dec 12, 2014)
Interim guidance for handling untreated sewage from Ebola patients in the US (Nov 20, 2014)
FAQs on interim guidance for managers and workers handling untreated sewage from suspected or confirmed individuals with Ebola in the US (Dec 16, 2014)
Interim guidance for EMS and 911 systems (Dec 2, 2014)
Screening and caring for pregnant Ebola patients (Nov 12, 2014)
Interim guidance for residence decontamination and removal of contaminated waste (Nov 3, 2014)
Revised interim guidance for monitoring and movement of people with potential Ebola exposure (Oct 27, 2014)
Monitoring symptoms and controlling movement to stop the spread of Ebola (Oct 27)
Guidance for donning and doffing PPE (Oct 20, 2014)
Interim guidance for limiting heat burden when wearing PPE (Oct 17, 2014)
Interim guidance for specimen collection (Oct 6, 2014)
Interim guidance on compliance with select agent regulations (Sep 8, 2014)
Guidance for safe handling of human remains of Ebola patients (Aug 25, 2014)
Interim guidance for environmental infection control in hospitals (Oct 3, 2014)

Resources for healthcare workers
Preparing healthcare workers to work in Ebola treatment units in Africa: Training toolkit announcement (Feb 19, 2015)
Ebola preparedness: Emergency Department training modules (Feb 17, 2015)
Non-CDC lab resources for Ebola (Jan 30, 2015)
Considerations for US healthcare facilities to ensure adequate supplies of PPE for Ebola preparedness (Dec 31, 2014)
Interim guidance for frontline US healthcare facilities for potential Ebola patients (Dec 2, 2014)
Interim guidance for US hospitals for potential Ebola patients: a tiered approach (Dec 2, 2014)
Best practices for procuring PPE (Nov 20, 2014)
Hand hygiene in non-ETU healthcare settings in West Africa (Nov 13)
Mixing and using chlorine solutions in non-ETU healthcare settings in West Africa (Nov 13)
Respiratory protection video (Nov 10, 2014)
Infection control in countries with widespread Ebola (Nov 3)
Algorithm for ambulatory care evaluation of patients with possible Ebola (Oct 31, 2014) 
Considerations for discharging persons under investigation for Ebola (Oct 30)
Algorithm for emergency department management of patients with suspected Ebola (Oct 27, 2014)
Fact sheet on hospital preparedness (Oct 14, 2014)
Caring for patients under investigation for Ebola (Oct 20, 2014)
Disease information for clinicians (Oct 4, 2014)
Healthcare facility preparedness checklist for EVD
Healthcare provider preparedness checklist for EVD
EMS checklist for Ebola preparedness
Checklist for healthcare coalitions for Ebola preparedness
Information for healthcare workers (Oct 6, 2014)
Health Alert Network (HAN) advisory for healthcare workers (Oct 2, 2014)
Ebola preparedness for US healthcare system (webinar with ASPR) (Sep 29, 2014)
Infection prevention and control recommendations (Oct 6, 2014)
Sequence for removing personal protective equipment
Fact sheet on surge (Sep 16, 2014)

Travel/flight information
Updated travel notice: Liberia (CDC) (May 4, 2015)
Interim guidance for cruise ships: managing a suspected case of Ebola onboard (Apr 8, 2015)
Travel health notices (Feb 19, 2015)
Interim guidance for cleaning, disinfection, and waste disposal in commercial passenger aircraft (Dec 18, 2014) 
Information for airlines (Dec 9, 2014) 
Enhanced airport entry screening and monitoring for people entering US from Mali (Nov 24)
Travel health notices (Nov 16)
Enhanced airport entry screening to begin for travelers to the US from Mali (Nov 16)
Information for Travelers (Nov 3, 2014)
Check and Report Ebola (CARE) kit for travelers arriving in US from West Africa 
Ebola Traveler's Health (Oct 7, 2014)
CDC death and disease reporting tool for pilots (Aug 25, 2014)
Interim guidance for airline crews, cleaning personnel, and cargo personnel (Oct 2, 2014)
Guidance on air medical transport for Ebola patients (Sep 17, 2014)
Guidance for airlines on reporting onboard deaths or illnesses (Aug 25, 2014)
CDC death and disease reporting tool for cabin crew (Aug 25, 2014)

US Government

White House Ebola response fact sheet (Feb 11, 2015)
Preventing the introduction and spread of Ebola in the United States: FAQs (Dec 5, 2014)
FDA Commissioner's statement on agency's involvement with Ebola response (Oct 28)
HHS statement on deployment of US Public Health Service Commissioned Corps (Sep 16, 2014)
NLM Disaster Information Management Research Center resource list (Oct 8, 2014) 

Institute of Medicine (IOM) 

Research priorities to inform public health and medical practice for Ebola virus disease—workshop summary (Nov 14, 2014)
Enabling rapid and sustainable public health research during disasters—workshop summary (Nov 14, 2014)
Video from IOM workshop on research priorities for Ebola (Nov 4)

American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA)

Interim guidance for public health officials on pets of Ebola contacts (Nov 10, 2014)
Interim guidance for dog or cat quarantine after exposure to a human with confirmed Ebola (Nov 10)
Note: The following resources require AVMA membership or site registration:
Checklist for vets when presented with patient or client with possible Ebola exposure
Handout on Ebola for pet owners 

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)

Safe use of PPE in the treatment of infectious diseases with high consequence (Dec 2, 2014)
Guidance for managing persons who have been exposed (Nov 7, 2014, update)
Public health management of healthcare workers returning from affected areas (Nov 7, 2014)
Guide to medical air evacuation (Oct 23, 2014)
Rapid risk assessment (Oct 15, 2014) 
Case definition
Epidemiological update - West Africa (Oct 3, 2014)
Epidemiological update - Democratic Republic of the Congo (Sep 12, 2014)
Risk of Ebola transmission via donated blood and other substances of human origin (Oct 6, 2014)
Entry and exit screening messages (Oct 13, 2014)

United Kingdom agencies

Public Health England (PHE): Clinical management and guidance for healthcare professionals
National Health Service (NHS): Ebola resource page for consumers

Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC)

Case definition (Aug 23, 2014)
Interim guidance for infection prevention and control (Sep 12, 2014)
Interim biosafety guidelines for laboratory specimen handling (Aug 22, 2014)
Case report form (Aug 24, 2014)

Federal Ministry of Health (Nigeria)

Ebola Virus Information Unit website
Recent press releases

Medecins sans Frontieres (MSF; Doctors Without Borders)

Pushed to the Limit and Beyond: A Year into the Largest Ever Ebola Outbreak (Mar 23, 2015)

Ministry of Health and Sanitation (Sierra Leone)

Case updates
Situation reports
Frequently asked questions

Ministry of Health (Liberia)

Main page

 

Professional Organizations

American College of Chest Physicians (Nov 5, 2014)

Preparing for Ebola (1-hr video)
Critical care of Persons with Ebola in Sierra Leone and at Emory University ( 1-hr 15-minute video)
Opportunities, Lessons Learned, and Future Action Items (48-minute video)

 

Academic Institutions

IDS (Institute of Development Studies) in conjunction with UK universities: Ebola Response Anthropology Platform
George Washington University: Infographic on ripple effects of Ebola outbreak (Nov 12)
Emory University: Ebola Preparedness Protocols (requires registration)
University of Nebraska Biocontainment Unit: Patient care links

 

Tools/Posters

CDC Flipbook: You've survived Ebola: What's next? (May 1, 2015)
CDC children's activity book: Helping people in West Africa (CDC)(Apr 22, 2015)
CDC brochure: Ebola survivors: Read this before you have sex (Apr 21, 2015)
CDC poster: Liberians in the US: Be a hero (Apr 15, 2015)
CDC poster: Guineans in the US: Be a hero (Apr 15, 2015)
CDC poster: Sierra Leoneans in the US: Be a hero (Apr 15, 2015)
CDC poster: Do not travel when sick (Guinea) (Mar 5, 2015)
CDC poster: Do not travel when sick (Liberia) (Mar 5, 2015)
CDC poster: How to safely give oral rehydration solution (Dec 9, 2014)
CDC poster: 21-Day investigation of Ebola patient's direct contacts in Guinea (Dec 4, 2014)
CDC slides and video: What you REALLY need to know about Ebola (Nov 25)
CDC poster: 21-Day investigation of Ebola patient's direct contacts—Sierra Leone (Nov 25)
CDC poster: Top 10 things you really need to know about Ebola (Nov 19, 2014)
MEDBOX: Ebola Toolbox
University of Nebraska: Donning & Doffing PPE


World Bank

Ebola Fact Sheet
Economic impact statement


Resources from Journals

Emerging Infectious Diseases: Using lessons learned from previous Ebola outbreaks to inform current risk management (May 2015)
BioMed Central & Springer Ebola Resource Center (open-access articles) (launched Dec 5, 2014)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
special edition on Ebola
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness: A primer on Ebola for clinicians  (Oct 17, 2014)
Emerging Infectious Diseases
Nature: Ebola by the numbers 
N Engl J Med
The Lancet
Science

PLoS journals
JAMA 


Twitter

CIDRAP (@CIDRAP)
Helen Branswell (@HelenBranswell)
Michael Coston (@Fla_Medic)
ECDC Outbreaks (@ECDC_Outbreaks)
Martin Enserink (@martinenserink)
Jason Gale (@jwgale)
HealthMap.org (@healthmap)
Crawford Kilian (@crof)
Ian M Mackay, PhD (@MackayIM)
Maia Majumder, MPH (@maiamajumder)

Recent Literature

Acharibasam JW, Chireh B, Menegesha HG. Assessing anxiety, depression and insomnia symptoms among Ebola survivors in Africa: a meta-analysis. PLoS One 2021 (published online Feb 5)

Adaken C, Scott JT, Sharma R, et al. Ebola virus antibody decay–stimulation in a high proportion of survivors. Nature 2021 Jan 27;151

Ali E, Benedetti G, van den Bergh R, Halford A, et al. Distribution of household disinfection kits during the 2014-2015 Ebola virus outbreak in Monrovia, Liberia: the MSF experience. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2020 (published online Sep 21)

Atherstone C, Diederich S, Pickering B, et al. Investigation of Ebolavirus exposure in pigs presented for slaughter in Uganda. Transbound Emerg Dis 2020 (published online Sep 11)

Bah AJ, James PB, Bah N, et al. Prevalence of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder among Ebola survivors in northern Sierra Leone: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health 2020 Sep 11;20(1391)

Bane S, Rosenke K, Maiga O, et al. Ebola virus IgG seroprevalence in southern Mali. Emerg Infect Dis 2021 Jun;27(6)

Barnes KG, Lachenauer AE, Nitido A, et al. Deployable CRISPR-Cas13a diagnostic tools to detect and report Ebola and Lassa virus cases in real-time. Nat Commun 2020 Aug 17;11(4131)

Bond NG, Grant DS, Himmelfarb ST, et al. Post-Ebola syndrome presents with multiple overlapping symptom clusters: evidence from an ongoing cohort study in eastern Sierra Leone. Clin Infect Dis 2021 (published online Apr 3)

Bozman CM, Fallah, M, Sneller MC, et al. Increased likelihood of detecting Ebola virus RNA in semen by using sample pelleting. Emerg Infect Dis 2021 Apr;27(4)

Caleo G, Theocharaki F, Lokuge K, et al. Clinical and epidemiological performance of WHO Ebola case definitions: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Infect Dis 2020 (published online Jun 25)

Choi MJ, Cossaboom CM, Whitesell AN, et al. Use of Ebola vaccine: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, United States, 2020. MMWR 2021 Jan 8;70(1):1-12

Doshi RH, Bratcher A, Mukadi P, et al. Risk factors for Ebola exposure in healthcare workers in Boende, Tshuapa Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. J Infect Dis 2020 (published online Dec 3)

Eghrari AO, Vishop RJ, Ross RD, et al. Characterization of Ebola virus–associated eye disease. JAMA Netw Open 2021 Jan 5;4(1):e2032216

Feldmann H, Sprecher A, Geisbert TW. Ebola [Review article]. N Engl J Med 2020 May 7;382(19):1832-42

Fontes CM, Lipes BD, Liu J, et al. Ultrasensitive point-of-care immunoassay for secreted glycoprotein detects Ebola infection earlier than PCR. Sci Transl Med 2021 Apr 7;13(588):eabd9696

Goldstein T, Belaganahalli MN, Syaluha EK, et al. Spillover of ebolaviruses into people in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo prior to the 2018 Ebola virus disease outbreak. One Health Outlook 2020 Nov 4;2:21

Gryseels S, Mbala-Kingebeni P, Akonda I, et al. Role of wildlife in emergence of Ebola virus in Kaigbono (Likati), Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2017. Emerg Infect Dis (Dispatch) 2020 Sep;26(9)

Higgs ES, Gayedyu-Dennis D, Fisher W, et al. PREVAIL IV: a randomized, double-blind, two-phase, phase 2 trial of remdesivir versus placebo for reduction of Ebola virus RNA in the semen of male survivors. Clin Infect Dis 2021 (published online Mar 12)

Jain V, Charlett A, Grown CS. Meta-analysis of predictive symptoms for Ebola virus disease. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2020 (published online Oct 23)

Jalloh MF, Kaiser R, Diop M, et al. National reporting of deaths after enhanced Ebola surveillance in Sierra Leone. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2020 (published online Aug 18)

Kangbai JB, Heumann C, Hoelscher M, et al. Severity score for predicting in-facility Ebola treatment outcome. Ann Epidemiol 2020 (published online Aug 5)

Kinganda-Lusamaki E, Black A, Mukadi DB, et al. Integration of genomic sequencing into the response to the Ebola virus outbreak in Nord Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Nat Med 2021 (published online Apr 12)

Kofman A, Linderman S, Su K, et al. Characteristics of Ebola virus disease survivor blood and semen in Liberia: serology and RT-PCR. Clin Infect Dis 2020 (published online Sep 7)

Lucas A, Kumakamba C, Lange C, et al. Serology and behavioral perspectives on Ebola virus disease among bushmeat vendors in Equateur, Democratic Republic of the Congo, after the 2018 outbreak. Open Forum Infect Dis 2020 (published online Jul 17)

Mbala-Kingebeni P, Pratt C, Mutafali-Ruffin M, et al. Ebola virus transmission initiated by relapse of systemic Ebola virus disease. N Engl J Med (Brief report) 2021 Apr 1;384(13):1240-7

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