Influenza, General

Recent News

Oct 15, 2021

News Scan for Oct 15, 2021

Hospital antibiotic Rx guidelines
Source clue in DRC Ebola flare-up
Flu B leads sporadic global flu activity
Polio in 2 countries
Sep 30, 2021

News Scan for Sep 30, 2021

ECMO and COVID death
Breakthrough COVID-19 in Scotland
Wearable sensors for flu, colds
H5N6 avian flu cases in China
CWD testing incentive in Louisiana
Illinois rabies death
Sep 28, 2021

News Scan for Sep 28, 2021

Global meningitis strategy
Flu low worldwide
Ebola sexual abuse probe
Avian flu outbreaks
Sep 21, 2021

News Scan for Sep 21, 2021

Afghan evacuee infectious disease alert
Antivirals for pediatric flu patients
Meningitis in the DRC
Non-COVID excess deaths
Sep 15, 2021

News Scan for Sep 15, 2021

Multidrug-resistant bacteria in Switzerland
Global flu snapshot
Sep 01, 2021

News Scan for Sep 01, 2021

Superbug screening in ICU kids
Negative Ebola test in Ivory Coast case
Low global flu levels
Aug 25, 2021

News Scan for Aug 25, 2021

Youth substance use in pandemic
Lyme disease and COVID-19
Severe flu and race
Aug 18, 2021

News Scan for Aug 18, 2021

Network for resistant-infection trials
Global flu still low
Aug 13, 2021

News Scan for Aug 13, 2021

COVID-19 and crowded households
Drop in antibiotic use in British Columbia
Antiviral drugs for flu
Polio cases in Africa
Aug 05, 2021

News Scan for Aug 05, 2021

Improper antibiotic dispensing
Global flu remains low
Promising chikungunya vaccine findings

Resources & Literature

Recent Literature

AAP Committee on Infectious Diseases. Recommendations for prevention and control of influenza in children, 2021-2022. Pediatrics 2021 (published online Sep 7)

Adlhoch C, Mook P, Lamb F, et al. Very little influenza in the WHO European Region during the 2020/21 season, weeks 40 2020 to 8 2021. Eurosurvell 2021 Mar 18;26(11)

Andrew MK, MacDonald S, Godin J, et al. Persistent functional decline following hospitalization with influenza or acute respiratory illness. J Am Geriatr Soc 2020 (published online Dec 8)

Arias-Fernandez L, Montero JSR, Gil-Prieto R et al. Burden of pneumonia in patients with viral and bacterial coinfection in Spain during six consecutive influenza seasons, from 2009-10 to 2014-15. Vaccine 2021 (published online Jul 23)

Auvinen R, Syrjanen R, Ollgren J, et al. Clinical characteristics and population-based attack rates of respiratory syncytial virus versus influenza hospitalizations among adults—an observational study. Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2021 (published online Oct 3)

Avila-Morales S, Ospina-Henao S, Ulloa-Gutierrez R, et al. Epidemiological and clinical profile between influenza A and B virus in Costa Rican children. Int J Infect Dis 2021 (published online Mar 8)

Azziz-Baumgartner E, Gonzalez R, Davis W, et al. Lower cognitive scores among toddlers in birth cohorts with acute respiratory illnesses, fevers, and laboratory-confirmed influenza. Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2021 (published online Sep 14)

Barcelo MF, Rodriguez JA, Serra FA, et al. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of community‐acquired and nosocomial influenza cases and risk factors associated with complications: a four season analysis of all adult patients admitted in a tertiary hospital. Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2020 (published online Oct 30)

Bartley PS, Deshpande A, Yu PC, et al. Bacterial coinfection in influenza pneumonia: Rates, pathogens, and outcomes. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2021 (published online Apr 23)

Belazi S, Olsen SJ, Brown C, et al. Laboratory-confirmed seasonal influenza in people with acute respiratory illness: a literature review and meta-analysis, WHO European Region, 2004 to 2017. Euro Surveill 2021 Sep 30;26(39)

Borchering RK, Gunning CE, Gokhale DV, et al. Anomalous influenza seasonality in the United States and the emergence of novel influenza B viruses. Proc Natl Acad Sci 2021 Feb 2;118(5):e2012327118

Bosco E, van Aalst R, McConeghy KW, et al. Estimated cardiorespiratory hospitalizations attributable to influenza and respiratory syncytial virus among long-term care facility residents. JAMA Netw Open 2021 Jun 9;4(6):e2111806

Campbell AP, Tokars JI, Reynolds S, et al. Influenza antiviral treatment and length of stay. Pediatrics 2021 (published online Sep 1)

Cizeron A, Saunier F, Gagneux-Brunon A, et al. Low rate of oseltamivir prescription among adults and children with confirmed influenza illness in France during the 2018-19 influenza season. J Antimicrob Chemother 2021 (published online Jan 6)

Clark TW, Beard KR, Brendish N, et al. Clinical impact of a routine, molecular, point-of-care, test-and-treat strategy for influenza in adults admitted to hospital (FluPOC): a multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial. Lancet Respir Med 2020 (published online Dec 4)

Cocoros NM, Haug N, Cosgrove A, et al. Who gets treated for influenza: a surveillance study from the US Food and Drug Administration’s Sentinel System. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2021 (published online Aug 5)

Cohen C, Kleynhans J, Moyes J, et al. Asymptomatic transmission and high community burden of seasonal influenza in an urban and a rural community in South Africa, 2017-18 (PHIRST): a population cohort study. Lancet Glob Health 2021 Jun1;9(6):E863-74

Dawood FS, Kittikrasisak W, Patel A, et al. Incidence of influenza during pregnancy and association with pregnancy and perinatal outcomes in three middle-income countries: a multisite prospective longitudinal cohort study. Lancet Infect Dis 2020 (published online Oct 29)

Dickson EM, Marques DR, Currie S, et al. The experience of point-of-care testing for influenza in Scotland in 2017/18 and 2018/19—no gain without pain. Eurosurveill 2020 Nov 5;25(44)

Donnino MW, Moskowitz A, Thompson GS, et al. Comparison between patients hospitalized with influenza and COVID-19 at a tertiary care center. J Gen Intern Med 2021 (published online Mar 18)

Duchemin T, Bastard J, Ante-Testard PA, et al. Monitoring sick leave data for early detection of influenza outbreaks. BMC Infect Dis 2021 Jan 11;21:52

El Guerche-Seblain C, Amour S, Benet T, et al. Incidence of hospital-acquired influenza in adults: a prospective surveillance study from 2004 to 2017 in a French tertiary care hospital. Am J Infect Control 2020 (published online Dec 12)

Fahim M, Abdelgawad B, Hassan H, et al. Epidemiology and outcome of influenza-associated infections among hospitalized patients with acute respiratory infections, Egypt national surveillance system, 2016-2019. Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2021 (published online May 7)

Falsey AR, Walsh EE, House S, et al. Risk factors and medical resource utilization of respiratory syncytial virus, human metapneumovirus and influenza related hospitalizations in adults –a global study during the 2017-2019 epidemic seasons (Hospitalized Acute Respiratory Tract Infection [HARTI] Study). Open Forum Infect Dis 2021 (published online Oct 5)

Fjelltveit EV, Cox RJ, Ostensjo J, et al. Point-of-care influenza testing impacts clinical decision, patient flow and length of stay in hospitalized adults. J Infect Dis 2020 (published online Nov 5)

Related Practices

Health Matters - pandemic flu issue

Health Matters is a well-written, 8-page newsletter that provides essential information about pandemic influenza to the public. The articles provide essential and practical information about what to expect during a pandemic, and emphasize personal preparedness, prevention, and home care. The document is an ideal tool for placement on desks or web sites at local health departments or distribution at health fairs, clinics, and public presentations.

PIO avian flu functional exercise

The PIO avian flu functional exercise materials were adapted from a public information exercise designed to test the Ohio state communications plan and practice the formation of a joint information center.

"Protect Iowa Health" communications campaign advocates preparedness for everyone

An interactive Web site describes in English and Spanish ways in which anyone can be a preparedness hero.

Pandemic Influenza Planning Kit for Schools

The Planning Kit for Schools has the potential to increase pandemic influenza awareness, assist schools in maintaining continuity of education, and serve as a resource for the greater community. The kit carefully describes tangible steps that schools can take to plan for a pandemic, and the templates require organizations to identify specific school personnel as part of an incident command structure.

Social Distancing Protocol

The Social Distancing Protocol identifies types of social distancing, assesses the probable economic and social impact of each measure, and provides a guide for phased implementation based on WHO pandemic phase and local surveillance. These materials would be useful for review by state and local health departments, because they reference proposed decision-makers at each level of implementation.

Community Readiness Challenge

The Community Readiness Challenge encourages individuals and families to build a pandemic preparedness kit by providing detailed lists of weekly items to buy and ways to prepare for 26 weeks. The LOCC box portion of the program uses business donations to assemble personal preparedness kits for economically-disadvantaged citizens. This practice is noteworthy, because it addresses a group for which there is little focus on prevention and planning efforts.

Prioritization of public health services for pandemic influenza

A local attempt prioritized public health services and determined pertinent parameters for operation during a pandemic. The description of each prioritized service is accompanied by information on the minimum number of staff required to perform the service, necessary products, and ability of staff to perform the service from home. The document could serve as a beginning template for local agencies that have not begun the difficult discussions around public health continuity.

Medical Coordination Centers

A concept paper provides a process by which a public health department can provide statewide accessibility to select medical information and home medical treatment during an influenza pandemic. Existing Medical Coordination Centers (MCCs) are proposed as regional centers for public health operations, such as phone banks, home visit dispatch, provision of medical advice, security, Medical Reserve Corps operations, antiviral dispensing, and EMS coordination.

Caring for the sick at home when it's the only option

The hour-long DVD provides practical, detailed information on caring for ill persons, including those with influenza, at home. It is aimed at non-medical care providers.

Allocating Influenza Vaccines in Minnesota

A well-written and valuable guide on the ethics of influenza vaccine distribution was the product of a multidisciplinary work group composed of public health professionals, ethicists, healthcare providers, and legal experts. The aim of the work group was to provide ethical guidance for Minnesota's statewide pandemic planning efforts, and the group chose to focus on ethical distribution of vaccine as a scarce resource.

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