Influenza, General

Recent News

Jul 10, 2020

News Scan for Jul 10, 2020

Cyclospora outbreak grows
Variant H1N2 flu case in Brazil
Jul 09, 2020
Sick man with thermometer

Study: Baloxavir prevents spread of flu to household members

In household contacts, 14% who got a placebo developed flu, compared with 2% in the baloxavir group.

Jun 30, 2020
Pigs on farm

Emerging flu virus in Chinese pigs has pandemic potential, researchers say

More than 10% of swine workers tested had antibodies to the novel influenza strain.

Jun 12, 2020

News Scan for Jun 12, 2020

COVID-19 antibodies in Geneva
Low global flu levels
Jun 09, 2020
Sick woman on bed

Single-dose baloxavir works as well as 5 days of Tamiflu for flu, study finds

The newer antiviral was tied to a faster recovery than Tamiflu was.

May 18, 2020

News Scan for May 18, 2020

COVID-19 burden in US blacks
UK COVID-19 risk factors
CDC novel flu virus risk
Last Ebola patient discharged
Apr 28, 2020

News Scan for Apr 28, 2020

Mass azithromycin distribution in Malawi
Rapid MDR-TB susceptibility test
Flu tapers in Northern Hemisphere
Apr 21, 2020

News Scan for Apr 21, 2020

Phase 1 trials of MERS vaccines
Risk of flu death by age
Apr 20, 2020

News Scan for Apr 20, 2020

Flu research response plan
Targeted hygiene to reduce AMR
Antibiotic prophylaxis for C-sections
Apr 17, 2020

Flu Scan for Apr 17, 2020

US flu activity falls
Avian flu outbreaks in Europe

Resources & Literature

Recent Literature

Adlhoch C, Dias JG, Bonmarin I, et al. Determinants of fatal outcome in patients admitted to ICUs with influenza, EU 2009-2017. Open Forum Infect Dis 2019 (published online Oct 29)

American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Infectious Diseases. Recommendations for prevention and control of influenza in children, 2019-2020. Pediatrics 2019 (published online Sep 2)

Andrew MK, McElhaney JE, McGeer AA, et al. Influenza surveillance case definitions miss a substantial proportion of older adults hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed influenza: a report from the Canadian Immunization Research Network (CIRN) Serious Outcomes Surveillance (SOS) Network. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2020 (published online Mar 9)

Assaf-Cassals A, Saleh Z, Khafaja S, et al. The burden of laboratory-confirmed influenza infection in Lebanon between 2008 and 2016: a single tertiary care center experience. BMC Infect Dis 2020 May 12;20:339

Bal A, Casalegno JS, Melenotte C, et al. Influenza-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome during the 2010-2016 seasons: bacterial co-infections and outcomes by virus type and subtype. Clin Microbiol Infect 2020 (published online Mar 20)

Barr IG, Deng YM, Grau ML, et al. Intense interseasonal influenza outbreaks, Australia, 2018/19. Euro Surveill 2019 Aug 15;24(33):pii=1900421

Beigel JH, Aga E, Elie-Turenne MC, et al. Anti-influenza immune plasma for the treatment of patients with severe influenza A: a randomised, double-blind, phase 3 trial. Lancet Respir Med 2019 (published online Sep 30)

Beigel JH, Manosuthi W, Beeler J, et al. Effect of oral oseltamivir on virological outcomes in low-risk adults with influenza: a randomized clinical trial. Clin Infect Dis 2019 (published online Jul 27)

Bischoff W, Petraglia M, McLouth C, et al. Intermittent occurrence of health care-onset influenza cases in a tertiary care facility during the 2017-2018 flu season. Am J Infect Control 2019 (published online Jul 27)

Bosco E, Zullo AR, McConeghy KW, et al. Geographic variation in pneumonia and influenza in long-term care facilities: a national study. Clin Infect Dis 2020 (published online Jan 29)

Butler CC, van der Velden AW, Bongard E, et al. Oseltamivir plus usual care versus usual care for influenza-like illness in primary care: an open-label, pragmatic, randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2019 (published online Dec 12)

Castillejos M, Cabello-Gutierrez C, Choreno-Parra JA, et al. High performance of rapid influenza diagnostic test and variable effectiveness of influenza vaccines in Mexico. Int J Infect Dis 2019 (published online Sep 7)

Chen HJ, Su CP, Liu MT, et al. Comparative epidemiology of influenza B by lineage in intensive care unit-admitted patients with complications: a nationwide study in Taiwan, 2013-2017. Int J Infect Dis 2019 (published online Jul 26)

Chong CY, Yung CF, Gan C, et al. The burden and clinical manifestation of hospitalized influenza among different pediatric age-groups in the tropics. Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2019 (published online Oct 13)

Chu DKW, Perera RAPM, Ali A, et al. Influenza A virus infections in dromedary camels, Nigeria and Ethiopia, 2015-2017. (Research letter) Emerg Infect Dis 2019 (published online 10)

Chung SC, Providencia R, Sofat R. Association between angiotensin blockage and incidence of influenza in the United Kingdom. N Engl J Med (Correspondence) 2020 (published online May 8)

Coleman BL, Kuster SP, Katz K, et al. Are healthcare personnel at higher risk of seasonal influenza than other working adults? Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 (published online Dec 5)

Cowling BJ, Perera RAPM, Fang VJ, et al. Maternal antibodies against influenza in cord blood and protection against laboratory-confirmed influenza in infants. Clin Infect Dis 2019 (published online Oct 29)

Czaja CA, Miller L, Colborn K, et al. State-level estimates of excess hospitalizations and deaths associated with influenza. Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2019 (published online Nov 7)

Dai Z, Fan K, Zhang L, et al. Risk factors for influenza B virus-associated pneumonia in adults. Am J Infect Control 2019 (published online Aug 17)

Dai Z, Zhang L, Yu Q, et al. Early administration of oseltamivir within 48 hours after onset of flulike symptoms can reduce the risk of influenza B virus-associated pneumonia in hospitalized pediatric patients with influenza B virus infection. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2020 Feb;39(2):e20-2

Dawood FS, Garg S, Fink RV, et al. Epidemiology and clinical outcomes of hospitalizations for acute respiratory or febrile illness and laboratory-confirmed influenza among pregnant women during six influenza seasons, 2010-2016. J Infect Dis 2019 (published online Dec 26)

Delgado-Sanz C, Mazagatos-Ateca C, Oliva J, et al. Illness severity in hospitalized influenza patients by virus type and subtype, Spain, 2010-2017. Emerg Infect Dis 2020 Feb;26(2):220-8

Dickinson DT, He J, Gussin G, et al. Quantifying influenza exposure within California hospitals and nursing homes using administrative data. Am J Infect Control 2019 (published online Nov 26)

Dobrzynski DM, Ndi DN, Zhu U, et al. Hospital readmissions following laboratory-confirmed influenza hospitalization. J Infect Dis 2020 (published online Mar 17)

Related Practices

Health Matters - pandemic flu issue

Health Matters is a well-written, 8-page newsletter that provides essential information about pandemic influenza to the public. The articles provide essential and practical information about what to expect during a pandemic, and emphasize personal preparedness, prevention, and home care. The document is an ideal tool for placement on desks or web sites at local health departments or distribution at health fairs, clinics, and public presentations.

PIO avian flu functional exercise

The PIO avian flu functional exercise materials were adapted from a public information exercise designed to test the Ohio state communications plan and practice the formation of a joint information center.

"Protect Iowa Health" communications campaign advocates preparedness for everyone

An interactive Web site describes in English and Spanish ways in which anyone can be a preparedness hero.

Pandemic Influenza Planning Kit for Schools

The Planning Kit for Schools has the potential to increase pandemic influenza awareness, assist schools in maintaining continuity of education, and serve as a resource for the greater community. The kit carefully describes tangible steps that schools can take to plan for a pandemic, and the templates require organizations to identify specific school personnel as part of an incident command structure.

Social Distancing Protocol

The Social Distancing Protocol identifies types of social distancing, assesses the probable economic and social impact of each measure, and provides a guide for phased implementation based on WHO pandemic phase and local surveillance. These materials would be useful for review by state and local health departments, because they reference proposed decision-makers at each level of implementation.

Community Readiness Challenge

The Community Readiness Challenge encourages individuals and families to build a pandemic preparedness kit by providing detailed lists of weekly items to buy and ways to prepare for 26 weeks. The LOCC box portion of the program uses business donations to assemble personal preparedness kits for economically-disadvantaged citizens. This practice is noteworthy, because it addresses a group for which there is little focus on prevention and planning efforts.

Prioritization of public health services for pandemic influenza

A local attempt prioritized public health services and determined pertinent parameters for operation during a pandemic. The description of each prioritized service is accompanied by information on the minimum number of staff required to perform the service, necessary products, and ability of staff to perform the service from home. The document could serve as a beginning template for local agencies that have not begun the difficult discussions around public health continuity.

Medical Coordination Centers

A concept paper provides a process by which a public health department can provide statewide accessibility to select medical information and home medical treatment during an influenza pandemic. Existing Medical Coordination Centers (MCCs) are proposed as regional centers for public health operations, such as phone banks, home visit dispatch, provision of medical advice, security, Medical Reserve Corps operations, antiviral dispensing, and EMS coordination.

Caring for the sick at home when it's the only option

The hour-long DVD provides practical, detailed information on caring for ill persons, including those with influenza, at home. It is aimed at non-medical care providers.

Allocating Influenza Vaccines in Minnesota

A well-written and valuable guide on the ethics of influenza vaccine distribution was the product of a multidisciplinary work group composed of public health professionals, ethicists, healthcare providers, and legal experts. The aim of the work group was to provide ethical guidance for Minnesota's statewide pandemic planning efforts, and the group chose to focus on ethical distribution of vaccine as a scarce resource.

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