Influenza, General

Recent News

Nov 28, 2022
sick child flu

Flu activity climbs higher, more pediatric deaths reported

Flu activity is very high or high across most of the continental United States.

Nov 18, 2022
Sick baby on nebulizer

Flu rises to high levels across most of US

The early flu surge is adding to pressure on health systems as they face other respiratory diseases like RSV.

Nov 16, 2022
Caring for girl in hospital bed

As global COVID cases rise, multiple viruses stress health systems

In some nations in the Americas, 3 viral diseases are straining hospitals.

Nov 11, 2022
Young girl on nebulizer

US flu levels climb as RSV swamps kids' hospitals

A flu surge comes as RSV continues to overwhelm pediatric hospitals in some states.

Nov 04, 2022
sick child

CDC warns about early spike in respiratory viruses

Multiple respiratory viruses are already straining health systems, with children among the hardest-hit groups.

Nov 03, 2022

News Scan for Nov 03, 2022

Northern Hemisphere flu rise
Support for Uganda Ebola vaccine trials
Oct 28, 2022

News Scan for Oct 28, 2022

COVID-19 symptom rebound
COVID vaccine and ICU care
Rising US flu levels
Polio in 3 countries
Oct 26, 2022

Stewardship / Resistance Scan for Oct 26, 2022

Flu-associated antibiotic prescribing
Private-sector antibiotic use in India

Resources & Literature

Recent Literature

Andersen KM, Vestergaard LS, Nissen JN, et al. Severe human case of zoonotic infection with swine-origin influenza A virus, Denmark, 2021. Emerg Infect Dis 2022 (published online Nov 16)

Berhane Y, Joseph T, Lung O, et al. Isolation and characterization of novel reassortant influenza A(H10N7) virus in a harbor seal, British Columbia, Canada. Emerg Infect Dis 2022 Jun 9;28(7)

Boddington NL, Elgohari S, Ellis J, et al. Rapid influenza molecular testing in secondary care and influenza surveillance in England: any impact? Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2022 (published online May 18)

Cheng HY, Fung E, Choi KC, et al. Early risk of acute myocardial infarction following hospitalization for severe influenza infection in the middle-aged population of Hong Kong. PLOS One 2022 (published online Aug 9)

de Courville C, Cadarette SM, Wissinger E, et al. The economic burden of influenza among adults aged 18 to 64: a systematic literature review. Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2022 (published online Feb 5)

Delahoy MJ, Mortenson L, Bauman L, et al. Influenza A(H3N2) outbreak on a university campus—Michigan, October–November 2021. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2021 (published online Dec 3)

Diamond C, Gong H, Sun FY, et al. Regional-based within-year seasonal variations in influenza-related health outcomes across mainland China: a systematic review and spatio-temporal analysis. BMC Med 2022 Feb 10;20(58)

Donnelley E, Teutsch S, Zurynski Y, et al. Severe influenza-associated neurological disease in Australian children: seasonal population-based surveillance 2008–2018. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc 2022 (published online Sep 25)

Gallouche M, Terrisse H, Larrat S, et al. Effect of a multimodal strategy for prevention of nosocomial influenza: a retrospective study at Grenoble Alpes University Hospital from 2014 to 2019. Antimicrob Resist Infect Control 2022 Feb 8;11(31)

Halasa NB, Spieker AJ, Young CC, et al. Life-threatening complications of influenza versus COVID-19 in U.S. children. Clin Infect Dis 2022 (published online Jun 19)

Hamilton MA, Liu Y, Calzavara A, et al. Predictors of all-cause mortality among patients hospitalized with influenza, respiratory syncytial virus, or SARS-CoV-2. Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2022 (published online May 24)

Hansen CL, Chaves SS, Demont C, et al. Mortality associated with influenza and respiratory syncytial virus in the US, 1999-2018. JAMA Netw Open 2022 Feb 28;5(2):e220527

Jackson ML, Phillips CH, Wellwood S, et al. Burden of medically attended influenza infection and cases averted by vaccination – United States, 2016/17 through 2018/19 influenza seasons. Vaccine 2022 (published online Nov 12)

Kamidani S, Garg S, Rolfes MA, et al. Epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of influenza-associated hospitalizations in U.S. children over 9 seasons following the 2009 H1N1 pandemic. Clin Infect Dis 2022 (published online Apr 19)

Kuitunen I, Renko M, Tapiainen T. Unusual late epidemic peak during influenza season 2021–2022: a nationwide register-based analysis in Finland. Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2022 (published online Sep 1)

Kunasekaran MP, Chughtai AA, Heslop DJ, et al. Influenza cases in nine aged care facilities in Sydney, Australia over a three-year surveillance period, 2018—2020. Vaccine 2022 Jul 29;40(31):4253-61

Melidou A, Kodmon C, Nahapetyan K, et al. Influenza returns with a season dominated by clade 3C.2a1b.2a.2 A(H3N2) viruses, WHO European Region, 2021/22. Euro Surveill 2022 Apr 12;27(15)

Merced-Morales A, Daly P, Abd Elal AI, et al. Influenza activity and composition of the 2022–23 influenza vaccine — United States, 2021–22 season. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2022 Jul 22;71(29):913-9

Mezlini A, Shapiro A, Daza EJ, et al. Estimating the burden of influenza-like illness on daily activity at the population scale using commercial wearable sensors. JAMA Netw Open 2022 May 12;5(5):e2211958

Miyazawa S, Takazono T, Hosogaya N, et al. Comparison of intra-familial transmission of influenza virus from index patients treated with baloxavir marboxil or oseltamivir using an influenza transmission model and a health insurance claims database. Clin Infect Dis 2022 (published online Feb 1)

Oishi K, Horiuchi S, Minkoff JM, et al. The host response to influenza A virus interferes with SARS-CoV-2 replication during coinfection. J Virol 2022 (published online Jul 12)

Owusu D, Rolfes M, Arriola S, et al. Rates of severe influenza-associated outcomes among older adults living with diabetes — FluSurv-NET, 2012–2017. Open Forum Infect Dis 2022 (published online Mar 16)

Pokutnaya D, Loiacono MM, Booth H, et al. The impact of clinical risk conditions on influenza and pneumonia diagnoses in England: a nationally-representative retrospective cohort study, 2010–2019. Epidemiol Infect 2022 (published online May 6)

Price O, Birrell FA, Mifsud EJ, et al. Epidemiology of repeat influenza infection in Queensland, Australia, 2005–2017. Epidemiol Infect 2022 (published online Jul 18)

Ramay BM, Jara J, Moreno MP, et al. Self-medication and ILI etiologies among individuals presenting at pharmacies with influenza-like illness: Guatemala City, 2018 influenza season. BMC Public Health 2022 Aug 13;22(1541)

Related Practices

Health Matters - pandemic flu issue

Health Matters is a well-written, 8-page newsletter that provides essential information about pandemic influenza to the public. The articles provide essential and practical information about what to expect during a pandemic, and emphasize personal preparedness, prevention, and home care. The document is an ideal tool for placement on desks or web sites at local health departments or distribution at health fairs, clinics, and public presentations.

PIO avian flu functional exercise

The PIO avian flu functional exercise materials were adapted from a public information exercise designed to test the Ohio state communications plan and practice the formation of a joint information center.

"Protect Iowa Health" communications campaign advocates preparedness for everyone

An interactive Web site describes in English and Spanish ways in which anyone can be a preparedness hero.

Pandemic Influenza Planning Kit for Schools

The Planning Kit for Schools has the potential to increase pandemic influenza awareness, assist schools in maintaining continuity of education, and serve as a resource for the greater community. The kit carefully describes tangible steps that schools can take to plan for a pandemic, and the templates require organizations to identify specific school personnel as part of an incident command structure.

Social Distancing Protocol

The Social Distancing Protocol identifies types of social distancing, assesses the probable economic and social impact of each measure, and provides a guide for phased implementation based on WHO pandemic phase and local surveillance. These materials would be useful for review by state and local health departments, because they reference proposed decision-makers at each level of implementation.

Community Readiness Challenge

The Community Readiness Challenge encourages individuals and families to build a pandemic preparedness kit by providing detailed lists of weekly items to buy and ways to prepare for 26 weeks. The LOCC box portion of the program uses business donations to assemble personal preparedness kits for economically-disadvantaged citizens. This practice is noteworthy, because it addresses a group for which there is little focus on prevention and planning efforts.

Prioritization of public health services for pandemic influenza

A local attempt prioritized public health services and determined pertinent parameters for operation during a pandemic. The description of each prioritized service is accompanied by information on the minimum number of staff required to perform the service, necessary products, and ability of staff to perform the service from home. The document could serve as a beginning template for local agencies that have not begun the difficult discussions around public health continuity.

Medical Coordination Centers

A concept paper provides a process by which a public health department can provide statewide accessibility to select medical information and home medical treatment during an influenza pandemic. Existing Medical Coordination Centers (MCCs) are proposed as regional centers for public health operations, such as phone banks, home visit dispatch, provision of medical advice, security, Medical Reserve Corps operations, antiviral dispensing, and EMS coordination.

Caring for the sick at home when it's the only option

The hour-long DVD provides practical, detailed information on caring for ill persons, including those with influenza, at home. It is aimed at non-medical care providers.

Allocating Influenza Vaccines in Minnesota

A well-written and valuable guide on the ethics of influenza vaccine distribution was the product of a multidisciplinary work group composed of public health professionals, ethicists, healthcare providers, and legal experts. The aim of the work group was to provide ethical guidance for Minnesota's statewide pandemic planning efforts, and the group chose to focus on ethical distribution of vaccine as a scarce resource.

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