Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus

Recent News

May 06, 2021

News Scan for May 06, 2021

Saudi MERS death
New epidemic intelligence hub
H5N1 avian flu in 2 nations
Apr 15, 2021

News Scan for Apr 15, 2021

MERS antibody persistence
Avian flu in 3 countries
Mar 18, 2021

News Scan for Mar 18, 2021

ICU antibiotic stewardship audit
MERS in the UAE
Mar 15, 2021

News Scan for Mar 15, 2021

MERS, COVID-19 coinfection
COVID adaptations in humans
H5N8 avian flu in Kuwait
Mar 11, 2021

News Scan for Mar 11, 2021

Nursing home prescribing during COVID
Antibiotics in the pipeline
New Saudi MERS cases
Avian flu in 2 countries
Mar 01, 2021

News Scan for Mar 01, 2021

Vaccine coverage and severe COVID
Statins and COVID-19
MERS in Saudi Arabia
Feb 10, 2021

News Scan for Feb 10, 2021

Telehealth antibiotic stewardship
Macrolide-resistant strep
MERS in Saudi Arabia
Intradermal flu vaccines
Feb 01, 2021

News Scan for Feb 01, 2021

Food insecurity during COVID-19
Pfizer COVID vaccine vs B117 variant
Saudi MERS overview
HPV prevalence in children
Avian flu activity expands
Dec 16, 2020

News Scan for Dec 16, 2020

Online learning after the pandemic
COVID-19 risk for kids
Saudi MERS cases
Nov 09, 2020

News Scan for Nov 09, 2020

Reduced antibiotics with daily ID consults
Saudi MERS case
Child flu vaccine hesitancy
More avian flu in Europe

Resources & Literature



Jump to Recent Literature


Last updated Oct 8, 2014

Latest Cases & General Information

Frequently updated case list from FluTrackersTransmission electron micrograph of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus
Disease outbreak news from WHO
Maia Majumder, MPH, MERS resources on Tumblr
Virology Down Under MERS-CoV page
Naming of MERS-CoV from Science (May 6, 2013)
Genetic sequence of MERS-CoV from PHE

Health Agency Documents

World Health Organization (WHO)

MERS-CoV page 
List of latest case updates
Summary updates landing page
Latest risk assessment (Apr 24, 2014)
Frequently asked questions (May 9, 2014)
Interim Case Definitions (Jul 14, 2014)
Guidance on conducting case-control studies (Jul 15, 2014)
Interim surveillance recommendations (Jun 27, 2013)
Interim recommendations for laboratory testing (Sep 16, 2o13)
Seroepidemiological investigation of contacts (Nov 19, 2013)                                                                   Risk factors of infection among health care personnel (Jan 27, 2014)
Guidance for health care professionals (May 6, 2013)
Clinical management (Feb 11, 2013)
Home care for patients with MERS-CoV infection (Aug 8, 2013)
Travel recommendations (Jun 5, 2013)
Travel advice for pilgrims (Jun 3, 2014)
Naming of the novel coronavirus (May 28, 2013)

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

MERS-CoV page
Press release on first US case
(May 2, 2014)
Press release on clearing of contacts of first 2 US cases (Jun 17, 2014)
Health Alert Network advisory (May 3, 2014)
Frequently asked questions
(Aug 4, 2014)
Case definitions (Jun 25, 2014)
Interim guidance for healthcare professionals (Jul 29, 2014)
Guidance for travelers (May 21, 2014)
Infection prevention and control guidelines (Jul 11, 2014)
Information and guidance for clinicians (Jun 18, 2013)
Guidance on air medical transport for MERS patients (Jul 3, 2014)

Interim guidance for airline crew
(Mar 10, 2014)
Guidelines for evaluation of MERS-CoV (Jun 7, 2013)                                                                                   Interim guidelines for collection, processing and transport of clinical specimens (Jun 7, 2013)          Interim guidance for preventing MERS-CoV from spreading in homes and communities (Jul 11, 2014)
Interim home care and isolation guidance for MERS-CoV (Jul 11, 2014)
Advanced molecular detection (Aug 25, 2014)
MERS-CoV Images                                                   

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)

MERS-CoV page
Updated rapid risk assessment (Apr 25, 2014) 
Epidemiologic update
(May 16, 2014)

Public Health England (PHE)

MERS-CoV page
Key facts  (Oct 4, 2013)
Risk assessment (May 2, 2014)
Treatment of MERS-CoV: Decision support tool (Jul 14, 2014)
Infection control advice (Jun 28, 2013)
Primary care algorithm for MERS & avian flu (May 28, 2014)
Algorithm for management of possible cases (Jul 14, 2014)
Algorithm for management of close contacts (May 16, 2014)
Epidemiologic protocols (Nov 11, 2013)

Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

RT-PCR Assay fact sheet for health care professionals (Jun 12, 2014)
RT-PCR assay fact sheet for patients (Jun 12, 2014) 
Emergency use authorization (Jun 10, 2014)

World Organization for Animal Health (OIE)

Questions and answers  (Aug 2014)

Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC)

Risk assessment (Oct 8, 2014)
Public health notice (Oct 1, 2014)
Travel health notice (Jul 24, 2014)
Infection prevention and control guidance (Oct 4, 2013)
Interim case definition (Sep 23, 2013)
Coronavirus in animals (May 28, 2013)
Case report form (Apr 22, 2013) 

Saudi Arabia Ministry of Health (MOH)

MERS-CoV Page 
Infection prevention and control precautions (May 15, 2013)
Frequently asked questions
Procedures for suspected or confirmed cases 
Media Statements  


Helen Branswell (@HelenBranswell)
Michael Coston (@Fla_Medic)
Martin Enserink (@martinenserink)
FluTrackers (@FluTrackers)
Jason Gale (@jwgale)
Gregory Hartl (@HartlGA) (@healthmap)
Crawford Kilian (@crof)
Ian M Mackay, PhD (@MackayIM)
Maia Majumder, MPH (@maiamajumder)
NPR Global Health (@nprGlobalHealth)
Lisa Schnirring (@lisaschnirring)
Marc Sprenger (@ECDC_MSprenger)
World Health Organization (@WHO)

Recent Literature

Alabdali A, Almakhalas K, Alhusain F, et al. The Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) outbreak at King Abdul-Aziz Medical City–Riyadh from emergency medical services perspective. Prehosp Disaster Med 2020 (published online May 20)

Alharbi NK, Ibrahim OH, Alhafufi A, et al. Challenge infection model for MERS-CoV based on naturally infected camels. Virol J 2020 (published online Jun 17)

Aljarallah K, Alrukban M, Alghamdi Y, et al. Hospital visitors’ awareness and adaptation of preventive measures for Middle East respiratory syndrome-coronavirus. Disast Med Public Health Prep 2020 (published online Nov 5)

Alshukairi AN, Zhao J, Al-Mozaini MA, et al. Longevity of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus antibody responses in humans, Saudi Arabia. Emerg Infect Dis 2021 May;27(5)

Alzahrani A, Kujawski SA, Abed GR, et al. Surveillance and testing for Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus, Saudi Arabia, March 2016–March 2019. Emerg Infect Dis 2020 Jul;26(7)

Arabi YM, Asiri AY, Assiri AM, et al. Interferon beta-1b and lopinavir-ritonavir for Middle East respiratory syndrome. N Engl J Med 2020 (published online Oct 7)

Barry M, Phan MB, Akkielah L, et al. Nosocomial outbreak of the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus: a phylogenetic, epidemiological, clinical and infection control analysis. Trav Med Infect Dis 2020 (published online Jun 27)

Cevik M, Tate M, Lloyd O, et al. SARS-CoV-2, SARS-CoV, and MERS-CoV viral load dynamics, duration of viral shedding, and infectiousness: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet 2020 (published online Nov 19)

Hemida MG, Chu DK, Chor YY, et al. Phylogenetic analysis of MERS-CoV in a camel abattoir, Saudi Arabia, 2016–2018. Emerg Infect Dis (Research letter) 2020 Dec;26(12)

Hemida MG, Waheed M, Ali AM, et al. Detection of the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus in dromedary camel’s seminal plasma in Saudi Arabia 2015‐2017. Transbound Emerg Dis 2020 (published online May 6)

Jose J, Al-Dorzi HM, Mandourah Y, et al. Critically ill patients with diabetes and Middle East respiratory syndrome: a multi-center observational study. BMC Infect Dis 2021 Jan 19;21:84

Mok CK, Zhu A, Zhao J, et al. T-cell responses to MERS coronavirus infection in people with occupational exposure to dromedary camels in Nigeria: an observational cohort study. Lancet Infect Dis 2020 (published online Oct 6)

Munyua PM, Ngere I, Hunsperger E, et al. Low-level Middle East respiratory coronavirus syndrome among camel handlers, Kenya, 2019. Emerg Infect Dis 2021 Apr;27(4)

Ngere I, Munyua P, Harcourt J, et al. High MERS-CoV seropositivity associated with camel herd profile, husbandry practices and household socio-demographic characteristics in Northern Kenya. Epidemiol Infect 2020 (published online Dec 1)

Sivapalasingam S, Saviolakis GA, Kulcsar K, et al. Human monoclonal antibody cocktail for the treatment or prophylaxis of Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). J Infect Dis 2021 (published online 28)

Totura A, Livingston V, Frick O, et al. Small particle aerosol exposure of African green monkeys to MERS-CoV as a model for highly pathogenic coronavirus infection. Emerg Infect Dis 2020 Dec;26(12)

Yang JS, Yoo MG, Lee HJ, et al. Factors associated with viral load kinetics of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus during the 2015 outbreak in South Korea. J Infect Dis 2020 (published online Aug 6)

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