CDC reports new E coli outbreak linked to leafy greens
Late last week the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) posted an outbreak notice about an Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreak related to mixed leafy greens.
The mixed greens, identified as Simple Truth Organic Power Greens and Nature's Basket Organic Power Greens, are sold at grocery store chains across the country, including Fred Meyer, QFC, and Giant Eagle.
So far a total of 13 people from 6 states have been sickened, with 4 hospitalizations. No deaths have been linked to this outbreak. Washington state has the most illnesses with 7, followed by Alaska (2). California, Oregon, Ohio and Mississippi have each reported a single case.
"Six people ate Simple Truth Organic Power Greens, and one sick person ate Nature's Basket Organic Power Greens," the CDC said. "Investigators are working to determine if additional products may be contaminated."
So far, there have been no recalls.
The contaminated greens have a "Best if used by" date through Dec 20, 2021. All products with a date before on or before Dec 20 should be thrown away, the CDC said.
Dec 30 CDC report
Candida auris infections identified in Oregon
The Oregon Health Authority (OHA) announced last week that it's investigating the state's first cases of the multidrug-resistant fungus Candida auris.
The C auris cases were identified in three Salem Health patients. The first case was identified on Dec 11 in a patient who had recent international healthcare exposure, and the second and third cases had no international healthcare exposure but were epidemiologically linked to the first case, indicating healthcare-associated spread.
Salem Health officials say the infections appear to be responding to current treatments and that the hospital is working with OHA, local public health partners, and the CDC to identify additional cases and ensure appropriate infection control procedures are in place.
"Salem Health is working with OHA and the CDC to execute a rigorous plan, implementing aggressive eradication measures that have been shown in other hospitals to be successful in eliminating Candida auris," Jasmin Chaudhary, MD, Salem Health's medical director of infection prevention, said in an OHA press release. "These include proactive steps that will assist in preemptively identifying new cases to prevent spread."
In its most recent update, the CDC reported a total of 938 confirmed C auris infections in 21 states from September 2020 through August 2021, along with 3,034 patients colonized with the organism. The multidrug-resistant yeast, which spreads easily in healthcare settings and can cause severe and deadly invasive infections in immunocompromised patients, was first identified in Japan in 2009 and first appeared in the United States in 2013.
Dec 28 OHA press release
Oct 27 CDC Candida auris update
MERS sickens 4 more in Saudi Arabia, 2 fatally
Saudi Arabia reported four more MERS-CoV cases, two patients who got sick in December and two whose symptoms began in October and November, according to separate statements recently posted by the Ministry of Health (MOH).
The two patients who were sick in December include a 49-year-old man from Taif in the country's west, as well as a 79-year-old man from Riyadh who died from his infection. No camel exposure or link to earlier cases was found in either case.
Also, the MOH announcements include a 45-year-old man from Riyadh who was sick in November and didn't have any links to camels or others with known Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infections. The fourth case involves a 50-year-old man from Hafr Al-Batin in the northeast who was sick in October, had contact with camels, and died from his illness.
The cases raise Saudi Arabia's MERS-CoV total for the year to 17.
In the middle of December, the World Health Organization (WHO) said since 2012 when the first cases were detected in humans, it has received reports of 2,583 MERS-CoV cases, at least 888 fatal. Most are from Saudi Arabia.
Dec 29 Saudi MOH report on Taif case
Dec 12 Saudi MOH report on Riyadh case
Nov 8 Saudi MOH report on Riyadh case
Oct 31 Saudi MOH report on Hafr al Batin case
African countries report more vaccine-derived polio cases
Six African countries reported more polio cases last week, all involving vaccine-derived poliovirus strains, the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) said in its latest weekly report.
Five of the nations added to their circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) totals for the year. The Democratic Republic of Congo reported four cases, all from Maniema province, lifting its total to 17. Ethiopia reported one more case, which affected a patient from Oromiya, putting its total at 10. Nigeria reported 64 more cases, roughly half from Kebbi state, with illnesses reported from seven other states, pushing its number for 2021 to 385. Senegal reported one case from Matam, making 17 for the year, and Yemen reported two more—both from Saadah—bringing its count to nine.
Elsewhere, Madagascar reported one circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1) case, involving a patient from Sofia, lifting its total to 11 this year.
Dec 28 GPEI update