With rising US COVID-19 cases, recommendations and mandates for masks are starting to pop up across the country, and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) today updated its recommendations for the upcoming school year, advising masks for everyone older than 2 years regardless of vaccination status.
Overall, US cases are up 140% in the past 2 weeks according to the New York Times tracker. Hospitalizations and deaths have increased by 34% and 33%, respectively. And the federal government is continuing its battle against COVID-19 vaccine misinformation and urging people to get vaccinated.
Masks recommended for schools
The AAP's updated mask recommendations for the 2021-22 school year are beyond what the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) currently recommends (masks for only the unvaccinated). In an AAP press release, the organization said it continues to support the CDC's recommendations for ventilation, testing, quarantining, cleaning, and disinfection.
"There are many children and others who cannot be vaccinated," said Sara Bode, MD, chair-person elect of the AAP Council on School Health Executive Committee, in the press release. "This is why it's important to use every tool in our toolkit to safeguard children from COVID-19.
"Universal masking is one of those tools, and has been proven effective in protecting people against other respiratory diseases, as well. It's also the most effective strategy to create consistent messages and expectations among students without the added burden of needing to monitor everyone's vaccination status."
As reported late last week, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is expecting to reach a decision on Pfizer/BioNTech's and Moderna's COVID vaccine in those 12 and younger in early or midwinter.
In California, Sacramento County, health officials are now advising people to wear masks indoors regardless of vaccination status because of the Delta (B1617.2) variant, although they do not mandate it, according to Fox News. And, while Los Angeles County does mandate mask wearing indoors, the county's sheriff has already said his office would not enforce it, according to NBC News.
On Jul 17, former Surgeon General Jerome Adams, MD, tweeted that he regrets his past stance against mask use. "I'm worried the CDC also made a similarly premature, misinterpreted, yet still harmful call on masking in the face of [the rising] delta variant," he wrote. "What [the CDC] said was based on the science and conditions at the time, and amounted to 'you're safe IF you vax it OR mask it.' Both the conditions (rising cases) and the science (Delta variant) changed, but what people heard and held to was masks were no longer needed…"
Over the weekend, Facebook's vice president of integrity, Guy Rosen, addressed President Joe Biden's comment that social media platforms were "killing people" by spreading COVID vaccine misinformation. Included in his response were data highlighting that vaccine hesitancy among US Facebook users has declined by 50%, CNBC reports.
Anthony Fauci, MD, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, also commented on vaccine misinformation, telling CNN, "We probably would still have polio in this country if we had the kind of false information that's being spread now."
Currently, the New York Times tracker reports that 56% of people are at least partially vaccinated and 48% are fully vaccinated. An Associated Press article today, however, notes that 55.6% of European Union (EU) citizens were at least partially vaccinated compared with 55.4% of the total US population—the first time EU figures surpassed US numbers.
To shed some light on vaccine hesitancy, late last week Economist and YouGov published the results of its online poll of 1,500 people in mid-July. Three in five were vaccinated.
Of the unvaccinated, 29% identified as Republicans and said they wouldn't get vaccinated versus 4% of Democrats who said they wouldn't get vaccinated. Reasons for staying unvaccinated included mistrust in the US government, a mistaken belief that vaccines cause autism, and a belief that the disease itself would not result in severe consequences.
While some institutions are trying to mandate vaccines, they have faced mixed results. On Sunday, a federal judge upheld Indiana University's student and employee COVID vaccination requirement, Politico reported. On the other hand, this weekend, hundreds of people in Detroit protested Henry Ford Health System's vaccination mandate for employees and contractors, according to the Detroit Free Press.
Some of the worst COVID spots in the past week have been in Texas (3,190 average daily cases), Missouri (1,981), and Arkansas (1,017), according to the New York Times tracker. The country has accumulated a total of 34,041,930 COVID cases and 608,189 deaths.
- Americans give President Biden's pandemic management 66% approval in a July poll, reports Newsweek.
- The Dow fell more than 930 points today due to Delta variant fears, according to CNN.
- The United States announced it will donate about 450,000 Johnson & Johnson COVID vaccine doses to Ethiopia, according to a tweet by the US Embassy in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
- The CDC's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices is meeting Jul 22 to discuss Guillain-Barre syndrome in recipients of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine as well as booster doses in immunocompromised people, according to its public agenda.