News Scan for Jul 05, 2019

Polio case spike
New Saudi MERS case

GPEI: 9 more polio cases recorded globally in past week

Today the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) reported nine newly recorded polio cases in several countries, including Pakistan, Afghanistan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and Angola.

Seven of the new cases are wild poliovirus type 1 cases, recorded in Afghanistan and Pakistan, where the virus is still endemic.

Afghanistan recorded two cases, and Pakistan noted five cases. These cases raise the total number of wild polio viruses detected in 2019 to 42 (10 cases in Afghanistan, 32 in Pakistan). In all of 2018, only 33 wild polio viruses were detected worldwide.

Dawn, a Pakistani newspaper, reported that none of the five children recently diagnosed as having polio had been vaccinated against the disease, and blamed this year's sharp uptick of cases on growing parental distrust in the polio vaccine. 

The other new cases involve circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus. The DRC notes one case with an onset of paralysis on May 28. Angola also recorded one case, which is part of that country's second circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus outbreak this year.
Jul 5 GPEI report
Jul 4 Dawn article


New Saudi MERS case confirmed

Saudi Arabia's Ministry of Health (MOH) yesterday announced another new MERS-CoV case, according to an epidemiologic week 27 update. It's the second case reported this week.

A 79-year-old woman from Riyadh has contracted MERS-CoV (Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus), the MOH said, and it's not known whether she had recent camel contact. Officials list the case as "primary," meaning the disease did not likely transmit from another person.

So far this year Saudi Arabia has had 156 MERS cases. Since 2012 when the virus was first reported, the World Health Organization has confirmed at least 2,442 cases, the vast majority in Saudi Arabia. At least 842 patients have died from their infections.
Jul 4 Saudi MOH update

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